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Jiexiu

Jiexiu
介休市
County-level city
Xianshenlou
Xianshenlou
Jiexiu is located in Shanxi
Jiexiu
Jiexiu
Location in Shanxi
Coordinates: 37°02′N 111°55′E / 37.033°N 111.917°E / 37.033; 111.917
Country People's Republic of China
Province Shanxi
Prefecture-level city Jinzhong
Area
 • Total 744 km2 (287 sq mi)
Elevation 756 m (2,480 ft)
Population
 • Total 370,000
 • Density 500/km2 (1,300/sq mi)
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Postal code 031200
Area code(s) 0354
Jiexiu
Chinese 介休
Literal meaning City of Jie Zitui's Eternal Rest

Jiexiu is a county-level city in Jinzhong Prefecture in central Shanxi Province in central China. It has jurisdiction over Mianshan, the site of the AAAAA-rated tourist attraction Mount Mian.

History

The city of Jiexiu was established by Ji Chong'er, the Wen Duke of Jin, during the Spring and Autumn period to commemorate his retainer Jie Zhitui, who had loyally followed him during his years of exile after the Li Ji Unrest. Supposedly, Jie once even cut meat from his own thigh to provide Ji with soup. After the duke of Qin restored Ji to control of Jin, Jie considered his services no longer required and resigned. Although Ji was generous in rewarding those who had helped him in his time of need, he either neglected Jie or was rebuffed in his offer. Jie retired to the forests around Mount Mian with his elderly mother. Ji went to the forest in 636 BC but could not find them. He then ordered his men to start a forest fire in order to force Jie out. When Jie and his mother were killed instead, the duke was overcome with remorse and established the city of Jiexiu ("Jie's Rest") over the former forest. The event is also usually given as the impetus for the Cold Food Festival, which developed into modern China's Tomb Sweeping Festival.

Climate

Jiexiu experiences a semi-arid climate (Köppen climate classification BSk). Spring is dry, with frequent dust storms, followed by early summer heat waves. Summer tends to be warm to hot with most of the year's rainfall concentrated in July and August. Winter is long and cold, but dry and sunny. Because of the aridity, there tends to be considerable diurnal variation in temperature, except during the summer. The monthly 24-hour average temperature ranges from −4.4 °C (24.1 °F) in January to 23.9 °C (75.0 °F) in July, while the annual mean is 10.64 °C (51.2 °F). With monthly percent possible sunshine ranging from 49% in July to 60% in May, the city receives 2,425 hours of bright sunshine annually.

Climate data for Jiexiu (1971−2000)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 2.5
(36.5)
5.7
(42.3)
12.0
(53.6)
20.1
(68.2)
25.5
(77.9)
29.3
(84.7)
30.1
(86.2)
28.3
(82.9)
24.1
(75.4)
18.3
(64.9)
10.2
(50.4)
3.9
(39)
17.5
(63.5)
Average low °C (°F) −10
(14)
−6.9
(19.6)
−1.1
(30)
5.5
(41.9)
10.6
(51.1)
15.0
(59)
18.4
(65.1)
16.9
(62.4)
11.0
(51.8)
4.8
(40.6)
−1.7
(28.9)
−7.4
(18.7)
4.6
(40.3)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 3.7
(0.146)
5.1
(0.201)
14.1
(0.555)
23.2
(0.913)
32.0
(1.26)
55.7
(2.193)
111.7
(4.398)
103.7
(4.083)
55.9
(2.201)
34.2
(1.346)
11.4
(0.449)
4.1
(0.161)
454.8
(17.906)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 2.2 3.1 4.8 5.6 6.4 9.4 12.5 11.4 8.4 6.3 3.5 1.7 75.3
Average relative humidity (%) 51 50 54 50 54 60 72 78 73 66 61 55 60.3
Mean monthly sunshine hours 175.6 167.3 189.8 227.7 259.5 240.1 217.5 214.6 195.5 194.8 175.5 166.7 2,424.6
Percent possible sunshine 58 55 52 58 60 55 49 51 53 56 57 56 55
Source: China Meteorological Administration

Government

Jiexiu administers an area divided into 5 subdistricts, 7 towns, and 3 townships:

Subdistricts
Name Simp. Trad. Pinyin
Beiguan 北关街道 北關街道 Běiguān Jiēdào
Xiguan 西关街道 西關街道 Xīguān Jiēdào
Dongnan 东南街道 東南街道 Dōngnán Jiēdào
Xinan 西南街道 西南街道 Xīnán Jiēdào
Beitan 北坛街道 北關街道 Běitán Jiēdào
Towns
Yi'an 义安镇 義安鎮 Yì'ānzhèn
Zhanglan 张兰镇 張蘭鎮 Zhānglánzhèn
Lianfu 连福镇 連福鎮 Liánfúzhèn
Hongshan 洪山镇 洪山鎮 Hóngshānzhèn
Longfeng 龙凤镇 龍鳳鎮 Lóngfèngzhèn
Mianshan 绵山镇 綿山鎮 Miánshānzhèn
Yitang 义棠镇 義棠鎮 Yìtángzhèn
Townships
Chengguan 城关乡 城關鄉 Chéngguānxiāng
Songgu 宋古乡 宋古鄉 Sònggǔxiāng
Sanjia 三佳乡 三佳鄉 Sānjiāxiāng

Transport

References

External links