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|Country||People's Republic of China|
|• Total||744 km2 (287 sq mi)|
|Elevation||756 m (2,480 ft)|
|• Density||500/km2 (1,300/sq mi)|
|Time zone||China Standard (UTC+8)|
|Literal meaning||City of Jie Zitui's Eternal Rest|
The city of Jiexiu was established by Ji Chong'er, the Wen Duke of Jin, during the Spring and Autumn period to commemorate his retainer Jie Zhitui, who had loyally followed him during his years of exile after the Li Ji Unrest. Supposedly, Jie once even cut meat from his own thigh to provide Ji with soup. After the duke of Qin restored Ji to control of Jin, Jie considered his services no longer required and resigned. Although Ji was generous in rewarding those who had helped him in his time of need, he either neglected Jie or was rebuffed in his offer. Jie retired to the forests around Mount Mian with his elderly mother. Ji went to the forest in 636 BC but could not find them. He then ordered his men to start a forest fire in order to force Jie out. When Jie and his mother were killed instead, the duke was overcome with remorse and established the city of Jiexiu ("Jie's Rest") over the former forest. The event is also usually given as the impetus for the Cold Food Festival, which developed into modern China's Tomb Sweeping Festival.
Jiexiu experiences a semi-arid climate (Köppen climate classification BSk). Spring is dry, with frequent dust storms, followed by early summer heat waves. Summer tends to be warm to hot with most of the year's rainfall concentrated in July and August. Winter is long and cold, but dry and sunny. Because of the aridity, there tends to be considerable diurnal variation in temperature, except during the summer. The monthly 24-hour average temperature ranges from −4.4 °C (24.1 °F) in January to 23.9 °C (75.0 °F) in July, while the annual mean is 10.64 °C (51.2 °F). With monthly percent possible sunshine ranging from 49% in July to 60% in May, the city receives 2,425 hours of bright sunshine annually.
|Climate data for Jiexiu (1971−2000)|
|Average high °C (°F)||2.5
|Average low °C (°F)||−10
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||3.7
|Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm)||2.2||3.1||4.8||5.6||6.4||9.4||12.5||11.4||8.4||6.3||3.5||1.7||75.3|
|Average relative humidity (%)||51||50||54||50||54||60||72||78||73||66||61||55||60.3|
|Mean monthly sunshine hours||175.6||167.3||189.8||227.7||259.5||240.1||217.5||214.6||195.5||194.8||175.5||166.7||2,424.6|
|Percent possible sunshine||58||55||52||58||60||55||49||51||53||56||57||56||55|
|Source: China Meteorological Administration|
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