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Jharsuguda

Jharsuguda
Town
Nickname(s): JSG
Jharsuguda is located in Odisha
Jharsuguda
Jharsuguda
Jharsuguda is located in India
Jharsuguda
Jharsuguda
Location in Odisha, India
Coordinates: 21°51′N 84°02′E / 21.85°N 84.03°E / 21.85; 84.03
Country  India
State Odisha
District Jharsuguda
Established 1951
Area
 • Total 223 km2 (86 sq mi)
Elevation 218 m (715 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 97,730 [1]
Languages
 • Official Odia,
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 768201
Vehicle registration OD-23 (Previously OR-23)
Website jharsuguda.nic.in

Jharsuguda is the district headquarters of Jharsuguda district of Odisha, India. It is the administrative headquarters of Jharsuguda district. It is an industrial hub, consisting mainly of metallurgical industries. Jharsuguda is well connected to major cities of India through the rail network, and an airport in being constructed. It is popularly known as the powerhouse of Odisha due to a large number of thermal power plants located nearby.

Geography and climate

Jharsuguda is located at 21°51′N 84°02′E / 21.85°N 84.03°E / 21.85; 84.03.[2] It has an average elevation of 218 metres (715 ft). Jharsuguda is located in Western Odisha. State highway 10 and National highway 200 (NH-200) pass through Jharsuguda. The Ib river flows along the Western side of Jharsuguda town and the river Bheden flows in the south. The area of the town is 70.47 km2, and has a population of 579,499.[3]

The town is situated at 21.82° north longitude and 84.1° latitude and at a height of 700–750 feet above mean sea level. The highest temperature recorded during the summer months is 48.0 °C. It has an average rainfall of 1527 mm.

Climate data for Jharsuguda
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 32
(90)
35
(95)
41
(106)
43
(109)
47
(117)
46
(115)
37
(99)
35
(95)
35
(95)
36
(97)
32
(90)
31
(88)
47
(117)
Average high °C (°F) 28
(82)
30
(86)
34
(93)
40
(104)
42
(108)
38
(100)
31
(88)
31
(88)
31
(88)
31
(88)
30
(86)
28
(82)
32.8
(91.1)
Average low °C (°F) 12
(54)
15
(59)
18
(64)
24
(75)
27
(81)
28
(82)
24
(75)
25
(77)
24
(75)
21
(70)
16
(61)
12
(54)
20.5
(68.9)
Record low °C (°F) 8
(46)
8
(46)
16
(61)
18
(64)
22
(72)
22
(72)
22
(72)
22
(72)
22
(72)
15
(59)
12
(54)
7
(45)
7
(45)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 18.6
(0.732)
21
(0.83)
13.5
(0.531)
21.3
(0.839)
42.2
(1.661)
221.0
(8.701)
377.4
(14.858)
409.6
(16.126)
241.9
(9.524)
58.7
(2.311)
13.8
(0.543)
6.0
(0.236)
1,445
(56.892)
Average rainy days (≥ 0.01) 1.4 1.5 1.5 2.0 3.3 9.7 16.1 16.8 11.2 3.6 0.8 0.5 68.4
Average relative humidity (%) 61 55 45 40 40 61 86 86 85 77 67 64 63.9
Source #1: Weatherbase[4]
Source #2: IMD[5]

Culture

Religions in Jharsuguda
Religion Percent
Hinduism
  
89.73%
Islam
  
5.78%
Christianity
  
3.69%
Others
  
0.8%

Jharsuguda is a cosmopolitan city housing people from various regions of India. Major festivals celebrated in the town are:

  • Nuakhai: This is an important festival for the people of Western Odisha. Families gather during this period and eat together. After that, the younger take the blessings of elders and dance with friends.
  • Message-Always give the respect to the elders and take the blessing from him
  • Bhai Jauntia: A festival observed by the women of this region where a sister prays for the betterment of her brother.
  • Rath Yatra: Rath Yatra is celebrated in the town & villages of the district.[6]
  • Durga Puja: Durga Puja has been celebrated in public pandals in the town for more than half a century. Specially Durga pandel of Sarbahal Chowki para and Mangal Bazar and Puja by Sri Santimai Mukhrajee in Chowki Para is very devotional.
  • Ganesh Puja: A 10-day public celebration of Ganesh Puja.
  • Diwali and Chhat: It is celebrated with great pomp and show.
  • Kirtan (Nama Yangya) (Brundamal,Sarbahal, Sahapada, Buromal and Chowki Para): People pray to Krishna and Rama.

Economy and infrastructure

Sterlite Plant at Jharsuguda
Vedanta Plant at Jharsuguda

Jharsuguda is fast emerging as the economic hub of Odisha; the state government has formed a master plan for the city's development.[7] Jharsuguda has a unit of UltraTech Cement, which is India's largest cement manufacturing company, at Dhutra.[8] Many small and medium sized steel plants are being set up in the outlying areas of the town, including Bhushan Power & Steel Limited, in Thelkoloi village, SMC Power Generation, Action Ispat, Eastern Steel & Power, TRL Krosaki Refractories and Concast Steel & Power. A few large-scale units of Vedanta Alumina and Utkal Alumina International will be setting up units in the area.

  • UltraTech Cement has set up a 4.0 MTPA capacity Cement grinding Unit, the largest in Odisha.
  • Reliance Energy has proposed to set up a 12,000 MW thermal power plant at a cost of ₹48,000 crore (₹480 billion) at Hirma in the Jharsuguda district of Odisha.[9]
  • Odisha Power Generation Corporation (OPGC) established the Ib Thermal Power Station, consisting of two 210 MW units in the Ib Valley area of Jharsuguda, and is developing a 1,220 MW power plant at the same place.

Transport

Since the Colonial era, the city has had a relatively developed transportation network. Primary modes of transport are auto rickshaws, 'Savaris', taxi vans and municipal or state operated buses.

The Jharsuguda Airport is under expansion at Durlaga. It has an airstrip since British times, which is currently upgrading to a full-fledged airport. As of June 2017, there are no regularly scheduled flights being operated.

Jharsuguda is an important railway junction on the Tatanagar–Bilaspur section of the Howrah-Nagpur-Mumbai line and the Jharsuguda-Vizianagaram line. The railway station comes under South Eastern Railway.

Jharsuguda Railway Station

Jharsuguda is connected to various towns of the states by State Highway 10 and National Highway 49.

Politics

The current Member of the Legislative Assembly from Jharsuguda Assembly Constituency is Naba Kishore Das, who won the seat in 2009 and again in 2014.[10] Jharsuguda is currently under Bargarh constituency of the Lok Sabha. This constituency came into existence in 2008 as a part of delimitation of parliamentary constituencies based on the recommendations of the Delimitation Commission of India in 2002. Jharsuguda was previously under the Deogarh constituency of the Lok Sabha. The current Member of Parliament from Bargarh is Dr. Prabhas Singh from the Biju Janata Dal party, taking office in 2014.

Tourism

  • Gudguda Waterfall, 40 km from Jharsuguda.
  • Rock paintings and lithography at Bikramkhol
  • Ruins of the hill forts of Ulapgarh
  • Padmasini Temple of Padampur
  • Koilighughar Waterfall, Lakhanpur
  • Ancient Siva Shrine of Jhadeswar Temple, Jharsuguda
  • Shree Pahadeswar Temple, Jharsuguda
  • Shiva Shrine of Mahadebpali
  • Kolabira Fort
  • Chandi Temple, Brajrajnagar
  • Sai Baba Temple, Gandhichowk
  • Laxmi Temple, Brajrajnagar
  • Durga Temple (Old Town Temple), Jharsuguda
  • Hanuman Temple (Bajranbali Mandir), Mangal Bazar, Jharsuguda
  • Teli Talab Shiva Tample, Chowki Para
  • Mahakaleshwar Temple, Bagdihi

Education

The pre-collegiate medium of instruction in schools is predominantly English and Odia. The medium of instruction in educational institutions after matriculation in colleges is English. Other media of instruction also exist in Jharsuguda. Schools and colleges in Jharsuguda are mostly government-run, but schools run by private trusts and individuals also exist. The schools are affiliated with either the Odisha State Board under the Board of Secondary Education (BSE) or Council of Higher Secondary Education (CHSE), Indian Certificate of Secondary Education and the Central Board of Secondary Education. After completing 10 years of schooling in secondary education, students enroll in higher secondary school, specialising in one of three streams – arts, commerce or science.

In November 2016, the professional accounting body Institute of Chartered Accountants of India opened a branch at Jharsuguda.

References

  1. ^ [www.censusindia.gov.in][permanent dead link]
  2. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc – Jharsuguda
  3. ^ 2001 Census
  4. ^ "Climate Data(Weatherbase)". Retrieved 3 June 2012. 
  5. ^ "Climate Data(IMD)". Archived from the original on 10 May 2010. Retrieved 3 June 2012. 
  6. ^ "Important Fairs and Festival of Jharsuguda district". 
  7. ^ IIT submits master plan for twin cities. Odisha.in. Retrieved on 2011-01-20.
  8. ^ UltraTech | Contact us. Ultratechcement.com (2005-04-20). Retrieved on 2011-01-20.
  9. ^ Reliance plans 12,000 mW plant in Odisha – Rediff.com Business. Inhome.rediff.com (2005-05-31). Retrieved on 2011-01-20.
  10. ^ "State Elections 2004 – Partywise Comparison for 130-Jharsuguda Constituency of Odisha". Election Commission of India. Retrieved 2008-09-27. [permanent dead link]

External links