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Jharsuguda

This article is about the municipality in Odisha, India. For its namesake district, see Jharsuguda district.
Jharsuguda
ଝାରସୁଗୁଡା
Industrial Hub of Odisha
City
Nickname(s): JSG
Jharsuguda is located in Odisha
Jharsuguda
Jharsuguda
Jharsuguda is located in India
Jharsuguda
Jharsuguda
Location in Odisha, India
Coordinates: 21°51′N 84°02′E / 21.85°N 84.03°E / 21.85; 84.03
Country  India
State Odisha
District Jharsuguda
Area
 • Total 223 km2 (86 sq mi)
Elevation 218 m (715 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 97,730 [1]
Languages
 • Official Odia,
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 768201
Vehicle registration OD-23 (Previously OR-23)
Website jharsuguda.nic.in

Jharsuguda is the district headquarters of Jharsuguda district of Odisha, India. It is the administrative headquarters of Jharsuguda district. It is an industrial hub, consisting mainly of metallurgical industries. Jharsuguda is well connected to all major cities of India through the rail network. It is also the biggest junction in India. It is popularly known as the power house of Odisha due to a large number of thermal power plants located nearby.

Geography and climate

Jharsuguda is located at 21°51′N 84°02′E / 21.85°N 84.03°E / 21.85; 84.03.[2] It has an average elevation of 218 metres (715 ft). Jharsuguda is located in Western Odisha. State highway 10 and National highway 200 (NH-200) pass through Jharsuguda. The Ib River flows along the Western side of Jharsuguda town and the river Bheden flows in the south. The area of the town is 70.47 km2, and has a population of 579,499.[3]

The town situated at 21.82° north longitude and 84.1° latitude and at a height of 700–750 feet above mean sea level. The highest temperature recorded in summer is 48.0 °C and it has an average rain fall of 1527 mm.

Climate data for Jharsuguda
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 32
(90)
35
(95)
41
(106)
43
(109)
47
(117)
46
(115)
37
(99)
35
(95)
35
(95)
36
(97)
32
(90)
31
(88)
47
(117)
Average high °C (°F) 28
(82)
30
(86)
34
(93)
40
(104)
42
(108)
38
(100)
31
(88)
31
(88)
31
(88)
31
(88)
30
(86)
28
(82)
32.8
(91.1)
Average low °C (°F) 12
(54)
15
(59)
18
(64)
24
(75)
27
(81)
28
(82)
24
(75)
25
(77)
24
(75)
21
(70)
16
(61)
12
(54)
20.5
(68.9)
Record low °C (°F) 8
(46)
8
(46)
16
(61)
18
(64)
22
(72)
22
(72)
22
(72)
22
(72)
22
(72)
15
(59)
12
(54)
7
(45)
7
(45)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 18.6
(0.732)
21
(0.83)
13.5
(0.531)
21.3
(0.839)
42.2
(1.661)
221.0
(8.701)
377.4
(14.858)
409.6
(16.126)
241.9
(9.524)
58.7
(2.311)
13.8
(0.543)
6.0
(0.236)
1,445
(56.892)
Average rainy days (≥ 0.01) 1.4 1.5 1.5 2.0 3.3 9.7 16.1 16.8 11.2 3.6 0.8 0.5 68.4
Average relative humidity (%) 61 55 45 40 40 61 86 86 85 77 67 64 63.9
Source #1: Weatherbase[4]
Source #2: IMD[5]

Culture

Others include Buddhists,Jains and Sikhs
Religions in Jharsuguda
Religion Percent
Hinduism
  
89.73%
Islam
  
5.78%
Christianity
  
3.69%
Others
  
0.8%

Jharsuguda is a cosmopolitan city housing people from all the regions of India. Major festivals celebrated in the town are:

Economy and infrastructure

Sterlite Plant at Jharsuguda
Vedanta Plant at Jharsuguda

This cosmopolitan town is fast emerging as the economic hub of Odisha; the state government has formed a master plan for the city's development.[7] Jharsuguda has a unit of Ultratech Cement of the Aditya Birla Group at Dhutra, which is India's largest cement manufacturing company.[8] Many small- and medium-scale steel units are being set up in the town vicinity, including Bhushan Power & Steel Limited (Thelkoloi village), SMC Power Generation Ltd., Action Ispat Ltd., Eastern Steel & Power Ltd., TRL Krosaki Refractories Limited and Concast Steel & Power Ltd. A few large-scale units of Vedanta Alumina Ltd and Utkal Alumina International Ltd will be setting up units in the area.

<In recent years Jharsuguda district has witnessed a large scale Industrialization.

Transport

Since pre-independence days, the city has had a relatively developed transportation network. The main modes of transport are auto rickshaws, rikshaws, Savaris, Vans and Buses as a means of local transport.

Airport

The Jharsuguda Airport is under expansion at Durlaga. It has an airstrip since the British times, which is currently upgrading to a full-fledged airport.

Rail

Jharsuguda is an important railway junction on the Tatanagar–Bilaspur section of Howrah-Nagpur-Mumbai line and Jharsuguda-Vizianagaram line. The railway station comes under South Eastern Railway.

Jharsuguda Railway Station

Road

Jharsuguda is connected to various towns of the states by State Highway 10 and National Highway.

Politics

The current MLA from Jharsuguda Assembly Constituency is Naba Kishore Das (Naba Das), who won the seat in 2009 and 2014 State elections by defeating Kishore Mohanty of BJD.[12] Jharsuguda is currently under Bargarh (Lok Sabha constituency). This constituency came into existence in 2008 as a part of delimitation of parliamentary constituencies based on the recommendations of the Delimitation Commission of India in 2002. The current M.P. from the Bargarh (Lok Sabha constituency) is Dr. Prabhas Singh from Biju Janata Dal winning the elections in the year 2014.Previously Jharsuguda was under Deogarh (Lok Sabha constituency).

Co-curricular Activities

Currently, Jharsuguda has developed a lot in terms of infrastructure, industrial hub as well as there are 2-3 malls that have been recently set up in Jharsuguda. This city has undergone various changes in terms of the mindset of people. Now people look forward to going for co-curricular classes in their spare time. There are various dance studios out of which Stepz2Rhythm is quite famous for its dance training facility and every year 4-5 people from this studio gets selected for Television dance reality show. There are different music centres where one can master in different instruments of one's own choice.

Tourism

References

  1. ^ [www.censusindia.gov.in][permanent dead link]
  2. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc – Jharsuguda
  3. ^ 2001 Census
  4. ^ "Climate Data(Weatherbase)". Retrieved 3 June 2012. 
  5. ^ "Climate Data(IMD)". Archived from the original on 10 May 2010. Retrieved 3 June 2012. 
  6. ^ "Important Fairs and Festival of Jharsuguda district". 
  7. ^ IIT submits master plan for twin cities. Orissa.in. Retrieved on 2011-01-20.
  8. ^ UltraTech | Contact us. Ultratechcement.com (2005-04-20). Retrieved on 2011-01-20.
  9. ^ [1]
  10. ^ Vedanta chalks out $4.6 bn expansion for Jharsuguda unit. Business-standard.com. Retrieved on 2011-01-20.
  11. ^ Reliance plans 12,000 mW plant in Odisha – Rediff.com Business. Inhome.rediff.com (2005-05-31). Retrieved on 2011-01-20.
  12. ^ "State Elections 2004 – Partywise Comparison for 130-Jharsuguda Constituency of Odisha". Election Commission of India. Retrieved 2008-09-27. [permanent dead link]

External links