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Jessore District

Jessore District
যশোর জেলা
District
Jashore District
Location of Jessore District
Country Bangladesh
Division Khulna Division
Area
 • Total 2,606.94 km2 (1,006.55 sq mi)
Elevation 7 m (23 ft)
Population (2011 Census)
 • Total 2,764,547
Website jessore.gov.bd

Jessore District , officially known as Jashore District, [1] is a district in the southwestern region of Bangladesh. It is bordered by India to the west, Khulna District and Satkhira District to the south, Magura and Narail to the east, and Jhenaidah District to the north. The district produces a variety of crops year-round. Date sugar, called patali, is made from the sap of locally grown date trees. It is cooked, thickened and crystallised using a traditional method. Patali is mainly produced in Khajura, but many date trees are cultivated in the Keshabpur Upazila and Manirampur Upazila areas. Jessore (town) is the capital of the district.

Jessore district was established in 1781. It consists of 4 municipalities, 36 wards, 8 upazilas, 92 unions, 1329 mouzas, 1477 villages and 120 mahallas. Upazilas are Abhaynagar Upazila, Bagherpara Upazila, Chaugachha Upazila, Jessore Sadar Upazila, Jhikargachha Upazila, Keshabpur Upazila, Manirampur Upazila, and Sharsha Upazila.

Etymology

History

Jessore district once belonged to the ancient Janapada kingdom of Samatat Janapada. In the 15th century, Jessore was a part of the kingdom of Pratapaditya.

The fiscal administration was then in English hands, having been transferred to the East India Company with that of the rest of Bengal in 1765.[2]

British administration was finally established in Jessore district in 1781 when the governor-general ordered the opening of a court at Murali near Jessore.[2] In 1947, Jessore was divided between India and (then) Pakistan. Except for the Bangaon and Gaighata thanas, the district became part of East Bengal.[3]

The Bengali soldiers stationed at Jessore cantonment mutinied against the Pakistan Army on 29 March 1971. They were led by Captain Hafiz Uddin and Lieutenant Anwar in an uprising where 300 soldiers were killed. The rebels killed 50 Pakistani soldiers with machine gun fire at Chanchara.

On 6 December 1971, Jessore became the first district of Bengal to be liberated from Pakistani forces. And Jessore is the first digital district in Bangladesh.

Geography

Jessore District encompasses 2606.98 km². It is bounded by Jhenaidaha and Magura districts at the north, Satkhira and Khulna districts at the south, Narail and Khulna districts at the east, and West Bengal of India at the west. Major rivers that flow through this region are the Bhairab, Teka, Hari, Sree, Aparbhadra, Harihar, Buribhadra, Chitra, Betna, Kopotakkho, and the Mukteshwari.[4][5]

Climate

Annual average temperature range from 15.4 to 34.6 °C (59.7 to 94.3 °F). The annual rainfall is 1,537 millimetres (60.5 in).

Climate data for Jessore
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 22.9
(73.2)
27.0
(80.6)
33.4
(92.1)
41.0
(105.8)
38.1
(100.6)
32.6
(90.7)
31.4
(88.5)
31.6
(88.9)
32.1
(89.8)
31.5
(88.7)
29.2
(84.6)
24.9
(76.8)
31.3
(88.4)
Daily mean °C (°F) 15.4
(59.7)
19.3
(66.7)
26.1
(79)
34.6
(94.3)
33.0
(91.4)
29.2
(84.6)
28.4
(83.1)
28.6
(83.5)
28.7
(83.7)
27.2
(81)
23.1
(73.6)
17.8
(64)
26
(78.7)
Average low °C (°F) 9.0
(48.2)
11.7
(53.1)
18.9
(66)
28.3
(82.9)
27.9
(82.2)
25.8
(78.4)
25.5
(77.9)
25.6
(78.1)
25.4
(77.7)
23.0
(73.4)
17.0
(62.6)
10.6
(51.1)
20.7
(69.3)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 11
(0.43)
19
(0.75)
40
(1.57)
77
(3.03)
168
(6.61)
314
(12.36)
304
(11.97)
293
(11.54)
245
(9.65)
133
(5.24)
28
(1.1)
8
(0.31)
1,640
(64.56)
Average relative humidity (%) 46 35 36 44 60 76 75 76 74 70 51 44 57
Source: National news papers

Demographics

Jessore District had a population of 2,764,547 at the 2011 Census. 85.5% of the population are Muslims, 14.21% are Hindus and the remaining 0.29% practise another religion.

The main occupations are agriculture 39.84%, agricultural labourer 24.13%, wage labourer 2.68%, commerce 11.99%, service 8.66%, industry 1.41%, transport 3.11% and others 8.18%.

Jessore District's administrative framework was established in 1781. It consists of the following eight Upazilas

(data from Banglapedia):

Upazila Area in
km2
2011 Census
population
Upazila Area in
km2
2011 Census
population
Abhaynagar Upazila 247.21 262,434 Keshabpur Upazila 258.44 253,291
Bagherpara Upazila 308.29 216,897 Jessore Sadar Upazila 435.22 742,898
Chaugachha Upazila 269.31 231,370 Manirampur Upazila 444.20 417,421
Jhikargachha Upazila 307.96 298,908 Sharsha Upazila 336.28 341,328

The upazilas are further divided into 9 municipalities, 36 wards, 92 unions, 1329 mouzas, 1434 villages and 120 mahallas.

Economy

Benapol Land Port

The main factor of economics of Jessore is Benapol Land Port which is situated in Sharsha upajela. Much of the import and export trading between Bangladesh and India is done through this port. On the other side of the border is Petropool. The port is important for making govt. import taxes.

Arts and culture

Points of interest

  • The Capital City of flower in Bangladesh, Godkhali Jhikargachha Upazila...
  • Katakhal Bangabandhu Park Jhikargachha Upazila...
  • At Abhaynagar Upazila, there is a small village called Dhoolgraam. It once had a magnificent complex of 17 Hindu temples, but only one remains today. Most of the temples were destroyed by the Bhairab River. A beautiful terracotta design can be seen all over the temple. It is considered a very holy place by Bengali Hindus.
The main gate of the house of Michael Madhusudan Dutta at Sagardari village in Jessore. This house is currently being used as a museum.
  • In Vaatnogor at Abhaynagar Upazila, ruins of eleven temple complex, dedicated to Lord Shiva, remains. Though the central temple is partially destroyed, the site still shows the majesty of Bengal's glorious past.
  • A terracotta plaque bearing the image of Mallinath, a female tirthankar (saint) of the Jain religion, was found at the Mound of Dam Dam Peer in Manirampur Upazila.[6] It is believed to be the most ancient relic discovered from this part of the world.[7] The Department at Khulna said that the plaque is at least 1800 years old. It is currently kept at the Khulna Museum.[8][9]
  • Besides, "Neelkuthi" at village Joypur & "Kachari Ghar" are important Archaeological sites in Manirampur
Chanchra Shiva Temple
  • Near the town of Jessore is the suburb Chanchra. A Chanchra Rajbari once stood but has deteriorated. Visitors can see the Lord Shiva Temple, which is almost restored; the remains of the Dosh Mohabid-da Temple, unique in Bengal; and Jora Shiv Temple at Murali in a deteriorated condition.
  • Imam Bara, at Murolir Mor beside the Dhaka-Khulna Highway, is a historical building constructed by Hazi Muhammad Mohsin.
  • The Jessore Collectorate Building, in Doratana, is one of the oldest buildings in Jessore.
  • Shaagordaari is the birthplace of the poet Michael Madhusudan Dutta. His large villa consists of a huge garden, a small museum and houses. The front gate has a solid sculpture work. The Kopotak-kho River is at a stone's throw away.
  • Near Jessore Sadar Upazila village Hamidpur has an ancient mosque, known as "Shani mosque." It is an example of the high architecture of Muslim Sultani period.
  • Godkhali kalibari
  • Panchpukur Baganchara
  • Binodia Park
  • Jessore Boat-club
  • Jess-garden Park
  • Rajgong Baor
  • Vobodaho Bil
  • Gazir Dorgah
  • Jessore Airport, Jessore Cantonment and Air Force Base Matiur Rahman.
  • India's daul at Kesobpur
  • Khanjalir Dighi
  • Mirzanagar Hammamkhana
  • Avaynogor's Khanjahan Ali Jame Mosque
  • Jamidar Bari at Shridhorpur
  • Konnadah Archajjo Baor at Sarsha
  • Benapole port
  • Fakhir Tika at Godkhali
  • Shimulia Mission (Saheb Bari)
  • Grave of Birshrestho Lance Nayek Noor Muhammad Sheikh
  • Khatura Baor
  • Moktarpur Lalu Babu Jamidar Bari

Solo Khada Jamidar Bari, House and birthplace of Ratna Gorva awarded by British Govt. and her son former Health minister of India Dr. Nil Ratan Dhor and his brother Jebon Ratan Dhor

Transport

Jessore has communication links with nearby districts. It has highways for transportation to West and East Bengal.

Jessore is a junction on the broad gauge-based network of the Eastern Railway. The network has links extended into Indian territory. Service linking the capital Dhaka and the Indian city Kolkata was to start April 2008. Jessore is about midway along the route.

The Jessore Airport, near the city, is an airfield for the Bangladesh Air Force. Alongside military service, its runway caters to seven commercial flights daily which includes US Bangla, Novo and Biman Bangladesh Airlines, for domestic flights.

Education

University

Polytechnic Institutes

  • Jessore Polytechnic Institute
  • Muslim Aid Institute of Technology
  • BCMC College of Engineering & Technology - the largest private polytechnic college In Bangladesh
  • Bangladesh Technical College
  • Model Polytechnic Institute
  • City Polytechnic Inistitute
  • Kapotakkho Polytechnic College
  • Manirampur Polytechnic Inistitute

College

  • Jessore Shilkha Board Model School and College
  • Talbaria Degree College, Sadar,Jashore
  • Jessore Government Technical School and College
  • Jessore Medical College
  • Army Medical College, Jessore
  • Sokhina Medical College
  • Govt. M M College, Jessore
  • Noapara Model College
  • Jessore Cantonment College
  • Dr. Abdur Razzak Municipal College
  • BAF Shaheen college
  • Jessore Govt. City college
  • Dawood Public School, Jessore
  • Jessore Technical School & College (JTSC), Jessore
  • Manirampur Degree College
  • Jessore College, Jessore
  • Rajganj Degree College
  • Bakra Degree college
  • Navaran Degree college
  • Natunhat Public College,
  • Masiahati Degree College, Jessore
  • Kazi Nazrul Islam Degree College, Jessore
  • Hamidpur Al Hera College, Jessore
  • Govt.Mohila College, Jessore
  • Noapara College, Abhaynagar, Jessore
  • Nehalpur School & College, Monirampur, Jessore
  • Gopalpur School & College, Monirampu, Jessore
  • Madonpur Shammilloni Degree College, Monirampur, Jessore
  • Rajgong Degree College, Monirampur, Jessore
  • Khadapara College, Monirampur, Jessore
  • Polashi College, Monirampur, Jessore
  • Bhir Sherestto Nur Mohammad college
  • Shahid Moshiur Rahman Degree College, Jhekargacha, Jessore
  • Jhekargacha Mohila College, Jhekargacha, Jessore
  • Shammilloni College, Jhekargacha, Jessore
  • Pakshi College, Sharsha
  • Lokhonpur College, Sharsha
  • Sharatola College, Sharsha
  • Nagar College, Jhekargacha
  • Kashebpur College, Kashebpur
  • Benapole degree College, Sharsha
  • Bagachra Degree College, Sharsha
  • Shimulia College, Jhekargacha
  • Bakra Mohila College, Jhekargacha
  • Abhaynagar Degree College
  • Bagarpara Degree College
  • Pashapol Model College

School

  • Badsha Faisal Islami Institute, New Town Jessore.
  • Bankra J.K High School
  • Talbaria High School,Sadar, Jashore.
  • GT Model Girls High School, Talbaria, Sadar, Jashore.
  • Talbaria Dhakhil Madrasa, Sadar, Jashore.
  • Noapara Model Secondary School
  • Deapara Model Secondary School, Abhaynagar, Jessore.
  • Moktarpur Gualbari High School, Monirampur, Jessore
  • Abdul Bari High School, Barinagar Bazar, Jessore
  • Buruj Bagan High School, Navaron Bazar
  • Buruj Bagan Pilot Girls School, Navaron Bazar
  • Akij Collegiate School, Navaron, Jhikargachha Upazila
  • Jessore Zilla School
  • Dawood Public School, Jessore
  • Cantonment High School, Jessore
  • Momen Girls High School, Jessore
  • Jessore Laboratory School and Collage, Jessore
  • Jhikargachha B. M. High School
  • Jhikargacha M L High School
  • MSTP girls High School
  • Manirampur Government High School
  • Manirampur Government Girls' High School
  • Police Line Secondary School Jessore
  • D.S.T High School, jamtola, sharsha
  • Chandipur High School, Manirampur
  • Rajganj High School
  • Gatipara High School, Sharsha
  • Narendrapur High School
  • Galda Kharinchi Shammillioni High School, Manirampur
  • Monin Nagar High School, Jessore Sadar
  • Gopalpur School & College, Monirampur
  • Nehalpur School & College, Monirampur
  • Pulerhat ML High School
  • Bahadurpur High School
  • Rajghat Jaforpur High School, Abhaynagar
  • Rajghat Jaforpur Girl's High School, Abhaynagar
  • Chowgacha Shahadat Pilot Secondary High School
  • Hazi Mohammad Mortoz Ali High School
  • Sammilani Institution, Jessore
  • Suratjan Secondary High School,Jhikargachha
  • Sammilani High school, Dhuliani
  • Jessore Shikkha Board govt Model School And Collage
  1. Digdana High School
  2. Baliadanga U.P High School

Media

Local newspapers and magazines

List of daily newspapers[10]
  • Daily Samajer Katha
  • Daily Noapara
  • Daily Kalyan
  • Daily Purobi
  • Daily Deshitaishy (দৈনিক দেশহিতৈষী)
  • Daily Sfulingo (দৈনিক স্ফুলিঙ্গ )
  • Daily Jessore
  • Daily Loksamaj
  • Daily Gramer kagoj
  • Daily Pravat Feri
  • Daily Samajer Kagoj
  • Daily Spandan
  • Daily Gramer Kantha
  • Daily Telegram
  • Daily Satya Path
  • Daily Joruri Shangbad
List of weekly magazines
  • Weekly Sonali Din
  • Weekly Nawapara
  • Weekly Banglalok
  • Weekly Manabadhikar Sangbad
  • Weekly Bojro kolom
  • Weekly Sharsha Barta
  • Weekly Prattohiki
  • Weekly Ganomanos
List of Fortnightly
  • Mot-Motantar
List of monthly magazines
  • Monthly Ghumonter Dak
  • Monthly Gramer Sangbad
  • Monthly Photo Report
List of literary magazines
  • Bangla Literature edited by Sayeed Abubakar
  • চেতনা।

Notable residents

See also

References

Talbaria Degree College is situated 8 km away from the Jessore main town and education board. It was established in 2005.

  1. ^ "Bangladesh changes English spellings of five districts". Bdnews24.com. Dhaka. 2018-02-04. Retrieved 2018-04-02. 
  2. ^ a b Wikisource Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Jessore". Encyclopædia Britannica. 15 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 337. 
  3. ^ Westland, James (1871). A Report on the District of Jessore: Its Antiquities, Its History, and Its Commerce. Oxford University Press. 
  4. ^ Mahibullah Siddiqui (2012). "Jessore District". In Arif Hossain and Ahmed A. Jamal. Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh. 
  5. ^ "SORROW OF JESSORE: Lasting for decades, getting graver every year". The Daily Star. 2016-12-20. Retrieved 2017-04-11. 
  6. ^ Duke Khan (2013). "Tourism in Jessore". Retrieved 13 September 2013. 
  7. ^ Duke Khan (2013). "Dam Dam Peerosthan in Manirampur Upazilla". Archived from the original on 16 April 2015. Retrieved 13 September 2013. 
  8. ^ Duke Khan (2013). "A short description of archaeological sights – Khulna Division". Archived from the original on 2 September 2014. Retrieved 17 November 2013. 
  9. ^ Duke Khan, and Md. Shariful Islam. "Mound of Dam Dam Peer in Manirampur Upazilla". Jessore Info. Archived from the original on 12 March 2007. Retrieved 13 September 2013. 
  10. ^ "পত্র পত্রিকা". jessore.gov.bd. 

External links