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Japan–Latin America relations

Japan–Latin America relations are relations between Japan and the countries of Latin America. Relations span a period not later than the 19th century to the present.

Overview

In Latin America, Japan has a long history of diplomatic relations with countries like Peru and Brazil. There has been a large ethnic Japanese presence in Latin America since the late 1800s. In the past decade, two factors have driven a deepening of these trans-Pacific relationships: first, at the turn of the century, Japan shifted its foreign policy from its traditional emphasis on multilateral concepts to one emphasizing regionalism in order to shore up weakened competitiveness as compared to other international actors. Second, Latin American countries, especially South American ones, were experiencing high rates of economic growth and political stability, making the region more attractive to foreign investors.[1]

Relations with particular Latin American countries

Country Article Notes Photo
 Argentina Argentina–Japan relations Argentine–Japanese relations were established in the late 19th century. The history of Japanese-Argentinian relations was influenced to a large extent by Argentina being a country of immigration. The first known Japanese to immigrate to Argentina arrived by boat in 1886. Argentina today has about 30,000 Japanese immigrants. Diplomatic relations between Japan and Argentina were raised to Embassy level in 1940 but relations were severed in 1944. On March 27, 1945, the Argentinian government entered World War II on the Allied side and declared war on the Japanese Empire.

Diplomatic relations were restored by the signing of the San Francisco Peace Treaty in 1952. Argentine president Arturo Frondizi visited Japan in 1960, and bilateral trade and Japanese investment into Argentina have increased in importance.

Embassy of Argentina in Japan.JPG
 Bolivia Bolivia–Japan relations Flags in front of Kowa Nishi-Azabu Bldg. (Kowa No. 38 Bldg.).jpg
 Brazil Brazil–Japan relations Brazil–Japan relations refers to the bilateral relationship of Brazil and Japan. Japan first established diplomatic relations with Brazil in 1895.[2] After World War II, Japan used foreign aid to promote its trade with Brazil.[3] Brazil Embassy @ Aoyama (11495420365).jpg
 Chile Chile–Japan relations
  • Chile has an embassy in Tokyo.
  • Japan has an embassy in Santiago.
Embassy of Chile in Tokyo.jpg
 Colombia Colombia–Japan relations Colombia–Japan relations refers to the diplomatic relations between the Republic of Colombia and Japan. The relationship was officially established in 1908, but interrupted between 1942 and 1954 with the surge of World War II. Embassy status was regained in 1957. Relations are mostly based on commercial trade, cultural exchanges and technological and philanthropic aid.[4]
  • Colombia has an embassy in Tokyo.
  • Japan has an embassy in Bogotá.
ColombianEmbassy.jpg
 Costa Rica
  • Costa Rica has an embassy in Tokyo.
  • Japan has an embassy in San José.
Flags in front of Kowa Nishi-Azabu Bldg. (Kowa No. 38 Bldg.).jpg
 Cuba
  • Cuba has an embassy in Tokyo.
  • Japan has an embassy in Havana.
Laika ac Cuban Embassy (7571523392).jpg
 Dominican Republic
  • Dominican Republic has an embassy in Tokyo.
  • Japan has an embassy in Santo Domingo.
Flags in front of Kowa Nishi-Azabu Bldg. (Kowa No. 38 Bldg.).jpg
 Ecuador Ecuador–Japan relations
  • Ecuador has an embassy in Tokyo.
  • Japan has an embassy in Quito.
Flags in front of Kowa Nishi-Azabu Bldg. (Kowa No. 38 Bldg.).jpg
 El Salvador
  • El Salvador has an embassy in Tokyo.
  • Japan has an embassy in San Salvador.
Flags in front of Kowa Nishi-Azabu Bldg. (Kowa No. 38 Bldg.).jpg
 Guatemala
  • Guatemala has an embassy in Tokyo.
  • Japan has an embassy in Guatemala City.
Flags in front of Kowa Nishi-Azabu Bldg. (Kowa No. 38 Bldg.).jpg
 Haiti
  • Haiti has an embassy in Tokyo.
  • Japan has an embassy in Port-au-Prince.
Flags in front of Kowa Nishi-Azabu Bldg. (Kowa No. 38 Bldg.).jpg
 Honduras
  • Honduras has an embassy in Tokyo.
  • Japan has an embassy in Tegucigalpa.
Flags in front of Kowa Nishi-Azabu Bldg. (Kowa No. 38 Bldg.).jpg
 Mexico Japan–Mexico relations
  • Japan has an embassy in Mexico City and a consulate-general in León.
  • Mexico has an embassy in Tokyo.
Embassy of Mexico in Tokyo.jpg
 Nicaragua
  • Japan has an embassy in Managua.
  • Nicaragua has an embassy in Tokyo.
Flags in front of Kowa Nishi-Azabu Bldg. (Kowa No. 38 Bldg.).jpg
 Panama
  • Japan has an embassy in Panama City.
  • Panama has an embassy in Tokyo.
Consulate General of Panama in Tokyo.jpg
 Paraguay Japan–Paraguay relations Japan–Paraguay relations refers to the bilateral relationship of Paraguay and Japan. Japan first established diplomatic relations with Paraguay in 1919.[5]
  • Japan has an embassy in Asunción.
  • Paraguay has an embassy in Tokyo.
Embassy of the Paraguay in Japan 1.jpg
 Peru Japan–Peru relations
  • Japan has an embassy in Lima.
  • Peru has an embassy in Tokyo.
Embajada del Perú en Tokio, Japan.jpg
 Uruguay Japan–Uruguay relations Japan–Uruguay relations refers to the bilateral relationship of Uruguay and Japan. Japan first established diplomatic relations with Uruguay in 1921.[6]
  • Japan has an embassy in Montevideo.
  • Uruguay has an embassy in Tokyo.
Flags in front of Kowa Nishi-Azabu Bldg. (Kowa No. 38 Bldg.).jpg
 Venezuela Japan–Venezuela relations Japan–Venezuela relations are foreign relations between Japan and Venezuela. Formal diplomatic relations between the countries were established in August 1938.[7] Venezuela, however, broke off diplomatic ties with Japan in December 1941.[8] In 1999, Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez made a three-day trip to Japan. he made another two-day trip in 2009, during which he met Prime Minister Taro Aso. During the trip, they agreed to cooperate on oil and gas developments and form a committee to study financing development and exploration. Japan and Venezuela signed a dozen other accords as part of Chavez’s visit.[9]
  • Japan has an embassy in Caracas.
  • Venezuela has an embassy in Tokyo.
Flags in front of Kowa Nishi-Azabu Bldg. (Kowa No. 38 Bldg.).jpg

Culture

Japanese migrants brought Japanese culture to Latin America. They also introduced intensive farming systems and Asian crops and the concept of agricultural cooperatives.[10]

References

  1. ^ "Global Insider: Japan-Latin America Relations". Retrieved 2011-11-22.
  2. ^ Kodansha encyclopedia of Japan, 1983
  3. ^ Helen Lanto Quan (2002), Finance, diplomacy and development: a study of Brazilian-Japanese relations in the twentieth century, University of California
  4. ^ (in Spanish) Colombian embassy in Japan Archived 2007-09-03 at the Wayback Machine
  5. ^ "Japanese embassy in Asuncion". Retrieved 2013-12-29. (in Spanish)
  6. ^ "Japanese embassy in Montevideo". Archived from the original on September 5, 2012. Retrieved June 19, 2019. (in Spanish)
  7. ^ Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Japan: Japan-Venezuelan relations
  8. ^ "Venezuela Breaks with Axis Regimes," New York Times, January 1, 1942
  9. ^ Hirokawa, Takashi (2009-04-06). "Japan, Venezuela to Cooperate on Oil, Gas Projects (Update3)". Bloomberg. Retrieved 2011-12-20.
  10. ^ "Japan–Latin America Relations". Retrieved 2011-11-22.