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Jama masjid

A jama masjid (Persian: مسجد جامع‎), also known as a congregational mosque or Friday mosque,[1] is a type of mosque which is the main mosque of a certain area that hosts the special Friday noon prayers known as jumu'ah. They also host the Eid prayers in situations when there is no musalla or eidgah available or nearby to host the prayers.

Etymology

Jama masjid or jame masjid comes from the Persian term masjed-e jame (مسجد جامع‎), from the Arabic term masjid jāmi‘ (مَسْجِد جَامِع‎), meaning "congregational mosque" . In Arabic, the term is simplified to jāmi‘ (جَامِع‎).

In non-Arab Muslim nations, the word jāmi‘ ("that which gathers, congregates or assembles") is often conflated with another word from the same root, jumu‘ah (Arabic: جُمُعَة‎, lit. 'assembly, gathering'), a term which refers to the Friday noon prayers (Arabic: صَلَاة الْجُمُعَة‎, romanizedṣalāṫ al-jumu‘ah, lit. 'prayer of assembly') or the Friday itself (Arabic: يَوْم الْجُمُعَة‎, romanizedyawm al-jumu‘ah, lit. 'day of assembly').[2] This is due to the fact that the jumu'ah prayers require congregations and are only held in congregational mosques, usually the main mosque or central mosque of a town or city, and hence they are also sometimes known as Friday mosques.[1]

The term is rendered similarly in transliterations from other languages, such as jame mosque, jami masjid, jameh mosque, jamia masjid, or jomeh mosque.

List of jama masjid

Many mosques function as a jama masjid, and many have the term incorporated into their name:

Afghanistan

Azerbaijan

Bangladesh

Canada

China

India

Indonesia

Iran

Kenya

Malaysia

Maldives

Mali

Mauritania

Nigeria

Pakistan

Russia

South Africa

Tanzania

Ukraine

United Kingdom

Uzbekistan

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c "Balkh", The UNESCO, retrieved 2018-05-15
  2. ^ Quran 62:9–11,Quran 62:10–11
  3. ^ "Great Mosque of Herat". Archnet.org. 19 August 2005. Archived from the original on 3 October 2012.
  4. ^ "Visit the Juma Masjid Mosque". Sa-venues.com. 1999–2018. Retrieved 2018-05-15. Italic or bold markup not allowed in: |work= (help)