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Jalangi River

Jalangi River
Jalangi River.jpg
Nadia Rivers.jpg
Etymologyjal=water +angi=who (female) posses body
Native nameজলঙ্গী
StateWest Bengal
DistrictMurshidabad and Nadia
CitiesKrishnanagar, Tehatta, Mayapur
Physical characteristics
 • locationMurshidabad district
 • coordinates24°17′58″N 88°26′45″E / 24.29944°N 88.44583°E / 24.29944; 88.44583
 • locationBhagirathi-Hooghly
Van den Brouck’s map of 1660

Jalangi River (Bengali: জলঙ্গী নদী), is a branch of the Ganges river in Murshidabad and Nadia districts in the Indian state of West Bengal. It flows into the Bhagirathi river and strengthens its lower channel, the Hooghly.[1]

The river below the point where the Jalangi meets the Ganges is known as Hooghly and the course above it from the point of its separation from the main flow of the Ganges to its confluence with the Jalangi, it is called Bhagirathi.[2]

Ghurni, a neighbourhood of Krishnanagar, a centre for the production of clay dolls, often referred to as Krishnanagar clay dolls, is located on the banks of the Jalangi. Mayapur, the birthplace of Sri Chaitanya, is located at the confluence of the Jalanagi and Bhagirathi.

Changes in the course of rivers

The Jalangi is a modern stream, but its age is not known. Apparently it opened up long after the Bhairab River ran as a strong stream in a south easterly direction. Although it is generally believed that the river has opened up within the last few hundred years, there is no direct evidence of this.[3] It is shown in Van den Brouck’s map.[4]

The Bhairab once flowed from the Ganges, across the present beds of the Jalangi, and further eastwards towards Faridpur. The Bhairab is no more a very active river. The Mathabhanga is a younger stream than Jalangi and it was not till very recently that the river completed its junction with the Hooghly by adopting the Churni (now its lower reaches) for its main course. Earlier most of the water of the Mathabhanga ran off to the east down the Kumara, Chitra, Coboduk (Bhairab), and Ichamati, but all these escape routes have been shut off, except a small amount for the Ichamati.[3]

The point to note is that while earlier the rivers in the region flowed in a south-easterly direction, but later some force pulled the Jalangi and the Mathabhanga in a south-westerly direction. The inference is that it occurred because of a local subsidence, which was active for some period prior to 1750 and which has since become inactive.[3]


Erosion of the banks is not only a problem for the more turbulent rivers such as Padma and Bhagirathi, but also comparatively smaller rivers such as Jalangi. In 2006, the state government sanctioned Rs. 7 crore for anti-erosion work in the Jalangi River.[5][6]


Palashipara Dwijendralal Bridge

State Highway 14 runs over it through Dwijendralal Setu, connecting Palashipara and Shyamnagar village in Nadia district. NH 12 (previously, NH 34) also runs over through 'Dwijendra' Setu connecting Krishnangar and Bahadurpur. Another bridge across the Jalangi River connecting Radhanagar village of Nadia district and Patikabari village of Murshidabad district is now under construction. Besides connecting the districts of Murshidabad and Nadia, the proposed bridge would be an alternative connection to National Highway 34, which links North Bengal with Kolkata.[7]

Bengali poetry

The Jalangi is emotionally referred to by the modern Bengali poet Jibanananda Das in his poem abar asibo phire:[8][9]

"abar asibo ami banglar nodi math khet bhalobeshe
jalangir dheuey bheja banglar e shobuj korun dangaey"
(When again I come, smitten by Bengal's rivers and fields, to this
Green and kindly land, Bengal, moistened by the Jalangi river's waves.)

Lyricist Sagar Chattapadhyaya and folk singer Bablu Halder's song is well known regarding the Jalangi river as 'O Amar Jalangi Nadi, Tor Kolete Roilam Ami, Janamo Abodhi'


  1. ^ Majumdar, Dr. R.C., History of Ancient Bengal, First published 1971, Reprint 2005, p. 4, Tulshi Prakashani, Kolkata, ISBN 81-89118-01-3.
  2. ^ Bandopadhyay, Dilip Kumar, Bharater Nadi (Rivers of India), 2002, (in Bengali), p. 68, Bharati Book Stall, 6B Ramanath Mazumdar Street, Kolkata
  3. ^ a b c Hirst, Major F.C., Director of Surveys, Bengal and Assam, Report on the Nadia Rivers 1915, first published in 1916 by the Bengal Secretariat Book Depot, reproduced in Rivers of Bengal, Vol III, p.27, West Bengal District Gazetteers, Higher Education Department, Government of West Bengal, 2002.
  4. ^ Roy, Niharranjan, Bangalir Itihas, Adi Parba, (in Bengali), first published 1972, reprint 2005, p. 84, Dey’s Publishing, 13 Bankim Chatterjee Street, Kolkata, ISBN 81-7079-270-3
  5. ^ Pramanick, Asim. "Rivers wreak havoc". Bengal. The Statesman, 27 August 2005. Retrieved 2007-11-28.[dead link]
  6. ^ "Rs. 63 crore to stem erosion in Nadia". Bengal. The Statesman, 11 August 2006. Retrieved 2007-11-28.[dead link]
  7. ^ "Adhir push for bridge". Kolkata Plus. The Statesman, 4 July 2007. Retrieved 2007-11-28.[dead link]
  8. ^ Bandopadhyay, Dilip Kumar, p. 226
  9. ^ "Zibananada Das". Abar Asibo Firey. Fortune City. Archived from the original on 2007-10-13. Retrieved 2007-11-28.

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