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Jainism in Goa

Statue of Mahavira inside Campi gardens, Panaji

Jainism flourished in Goa during the rule of Kadamba dynasty.[1] Broken sculptures of the Jain Tirthankara Suparshvanatha, belonging to the period of the Goan Kadamba ruler Shivachitta Permadi Dev, were discovered in an old Jain temple in Jainkot, Naroa.[2]

Muni Pranamsagar ji (Digambara Jain ascetic) visited Goa in 2015 and gained 150 new followers. It was the first time for a Jain ascetic to set foot in the state in a thousand years.[3][4] The state then became the place for his Chaturmas of the year 2015.[5]


There were 864 Jains in Goa according to the 2001 census: 456 male and 408 female.[6] The number increased to 1,109 in 2011 census.[7]


The ancient Jain temple of Cudnem village dedicated to Lord Rishabhanatha was constructed by Gurjara community in tenth century.[8][9] It went to ruins in fifteenth century. Broken idols of Tirthankara were discovered during an excavation in 1986 by the directorate of archeology and archives.[2]

Gurjara community also constructed the Jain temple at Narve, Bicholim in 1150 AD.[9] The sculpture of Parshvanatha, the 23rd Tirthankara was discovered in Hindolewada, Narve.[2]

Another ancient Jain temple of twenty-second Tirthankara Neminatha in Bandora, Goa built by King Sripala.[10][11][2]

The idols of Tirthankara were also found in Chandreshwar temple in Kothambi village, situated on the right bank of the River Mandovi.

The first Jain sculpture (belonging to the early southern Shilahara) in Salcete, Chandor was discovered by Father Henry Heras during one of his expeditions.[2]


  1. ^ History of Goa, Department of Information and Publicity, Government of Goa, archived from the original on 4 March 2016, retrieved 14 September 2015
  2. ^ a b c d e Kerkar & TNN 2014.
  3. ^ TNN (7 June 2015), Non-familiarity to Jain monks led to nude sadhu issue, Panaji: The Times of India
  4. ^ Navhind Times (7 June 2015), Jain Mandal says awareness needs to be created on Digambar sect seers, Panaji: The Navhind Times, archived from the original on 23 December 2015, retrieved 14 September 2015
  5. ^ TNN (9 April 2015), Netas’ comments on nude monk hurt Jain community, Margoa: The Times of India
  6. ^ Census of India (2001), Population by religious communities, Ministry of Home Affairs (India), archived from the original on 1 July 2010, retrieved 14 September 2015
  7. ^ Census of India (2011), Goa Population - Census India 2011, Ministry of Home Affairs (India), archived from the original on 29 January 2018, retrieved 20 November 2018
  8. ^ Goa - Early recorded history (The Aryan conquest), Department of Tourism, Government of Goa, archived from the original on 10 September 2015, retrieved 14 September 2015
  9. ^ a b de Souza 1989, p. 12.
  10. ^ TNN (24 November 2008), Singular pre-Portuguese monument crumbling from neglect Paul Fernandes finds that the Jain basti at Bandora requires conservation, Goa: The Times of India, archived from the original on 5 March 2016, retrieved 20 November 2018
  11. ^ Shenoy, Balaji (11 February 2015), Ruins of Neminath Jain Basti at Bandora, The Navhind Times, archived from the original on 8 March 2016, retrieved 18 September 2015