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Jafargulu agha Javanshir

Jafargulu agha Javanshir
Born 1787
Shusha, Karabakh Khanate
Died 1867
Shusha, Russian Empire
Occupation Poet, public figure, major-general of the Imperial Russian Army
Children Abdullapasha Agha, Kerim Agha and Hidayet Agha.

Jafargulu agha Javanshir (Azerbaijani: Cəfərqulu xan Məhəmmədhəsən ağa oğlu Sarıcalı-Cavanşir; 1787 — 1866) was an Azerbaijani poet and public figure and was a major-general of the Russian Army.[1][2]

Biography

Javargulu Agha was born in 1787, in Shusha. He was the elder son of Mammadhasan agha Javanshir, a major-general of the Russian army and legatee of Ibrahimkhalil khan of Karabakh.[3] After his father’s death in November 1805, “he was recognized as a legal heir of the Karabakh Khanate by the Russian government” and conferred a gold medal with the inscription “Karabakh’s Legatee”.

Nevertheless, Jafargulu Agha’s uncle major-general Mehdigulu khan was promoted to khan of Karabakh “for political reasons” by a supreme order, after murder of Ibrahim Khalil khan, by lieutenant-colonel Lisanevich in 1806.

Jafargulu Agha was especially distinguished during the Russo-Persian War on 1804-1813, when he destroyed Iranians under Ordubad and Qafan, in 1806, by commanding horse cavalry of Karabakh. On January 2, 1807 he was promoted directly to colonel by a supreme order.

On February 20, 1820 colonel Jafargulu Agha was conferred a golden gun “with diamonds and jewel adornments” with a ligature “For Courage”.[4]

Mehdigulu khan carried on a struggle against him, but in the issue he was forced to escape to Iran. Karabakh khanate was abolished and became a province of Russia.[5] Jafargulu Agha wrote poems under a pseudonym “Nava”.[6]

Jafargulu agha died in 1867 and was buried in an ancestral cemetery, in Shusha.

Family

He was married to Ajaibnisa khanim Tuni bey gizi and Yetar khanim Huseyngulu bey gizi. From these marriages, Jafargulu agha had three sons – Abdulla Pasha Agha, Karim Agha and Hidayat Agha. His granddaughter Gamar Bayim Sheyda was famed as a poet writing rubai and ghazals.[7]

References

  1. ^ Исмаилов Э.Э. (2002). Ханы Карабахские и их потомки. Генеалогический вестник. Выпуск 12. pp. 40–45. 
  2. ^ Анвар Чингизоглы. (2003). Родословная Мамедгасан-аги. 2. 
  3. ^ Акты Кавказской Археографической Комиссии. т. III, ст. 605, 606
  4. ^ Э. Э. Исмаилов. Золотое оружие с надписью "За храбрость". Списки кавалеров 1788 - 1913. — Москва, 2007, с. 172
  5. ^ Мильман А. Ш. Политический строй Азербайджана в XIX — начале XX веков (административный аппарат и суд, формы и методы колониального управления). — Баку, 1966, с. 67
  6. ^ "CӘFӘRQULU XAN "NӘVA" TӘXӘLLÜS". anl.az. 
  7. ^ Азербайджанский гендерный информационный центр. Qəmər Bəyim Şeyda