Jacques de Mahieu, whose real name is Jacques Girault, (1915–1990) was a French Argentine anthropologist and Peronist.
He wrote several books on esoterism, which he mixed with anthropological theories inspired by scientific racism.
A collaborationist in Vichy France, he became a Peronist ideologue in the 1950s, mentor to a Roman Catholic nationalist youth group in the 1960s, and later in life, head of the Argentine chapter of Spanish neo-Nazi group CEDADE.
Born in Marseille, as a young man Jacques de Mahieu was influenced by authors such as Georges Sorel, Charles Maurras, and Alexis Carrel and joined the Action Française.
During World War II, Jacques de Mahieu was a member of the Charlemagne Division.
After the liberation of France, he was one of the first to flee to Juan Perón's Argentina through the ratlines organized by Perón. A Naturalized Argentine, he became an ideologue of the Peronist movement, before becoming a mentor to a Roman Catholic nationalist youth group in the 1960s.
Jacques de Mahieu studied at the Universities of Mendoza and Buenos Aires; he graduated in philosophy, as doctor Honoris Causa of Medicine, doctor in economic sciences, and doctor in political science.
He became a professor of anthropological studies in Buenos Aires as the deputy rector of the Institute of Human Studies (from 1953 to 1955 and again from 1972 to 1976). He also taught economy, ethnography and French at the National University of Cuyo (1948–1955), and at the Universidad del Salvador (1964–1965).
He also was a member of the Academia Argentina de Sociología (1952–1955), and a lecturer with the Armed Forces of the Argentine Republic (1961–1971).
Later life and death
Jacques de Mahieu remained in Argentina in his later years. Uki Goñi claims that he was photographed with Carlos Menem during the latter's 1989 presidential campaign. Jacques de Mahieu headed the Argentine chapter of the Spanish neo-Nazi group, CEDADE, until his death in Buenos Aires, in 1990.
Pre-Columbian contact theories
De Mahieu wrote on pre-Columbian America and esoteric Nazism. He traveled to Paraguay for anthropological studies, and claimed the Guayaki tribes were descendants of the Vikings.
He allegedly travelled to Brazil in 1974, where he visited the Sete Cidades park in Piauí and considered it a Viking establishment.
His books on the Knights Templar allege they settled in Mexico before Columbus.
Economic and political work
Beside anthropological interests, Mahieu also wrote about economy and state questions. He wrote a book titled The Communal Economy (1964), which was inspired by a social and economic project developed in Mendoza. The project ended during the Revolución Libertadora regime, which toppled Juan Perón's government in 1955.
- In French
- Précis de biopolitique, Editions Celtiques, 1969 ;
- Le Grand Voyage du Dieu-Soleil, Robert Laffont, 1971 ;
- L'Agonie du Dieu-Soleil, Robert Laffont, 1974 ;
- Drakkars sur l'Amazone, Copernicus, 1977 ;
- L'Imposture de Christophe Colomb, Copernic, 1979 ;
- La Fabuleuse épopée des Troyens en Amérique du Sud, Pardès, 1998 ;
- Les Templiers en Amérique, J'ai Lu, 1999 ;
- In Spanish
- La Inteligencia Organizadora, Editorial San Luis, 1950 ;
- Filosofía de la Estética, Editorial San Luis-Universidad Nacional de Cuyo, 1950 ;
- Evolución y Porvenir del Sindicalismo, Ediciones Arayún 1954 ;
- La Economía Comuntaria, Universidad Argentina de Ciencias Sociales, 1964 ;
- Diccionario de Ciencia Política, Books International, 1966 ;
- Proletariado y Cultura, Editorial Marú, 1967 ;
- Fundamentos de Biopolítica, Centro Editor Argentino, 1968 ;
- Tratado de Sociología General, Centro Editor Argentino, 1969 ;
- Maurras y Sorel, Centro Editor Argentino, 1969 ;
- El Estado Comuntario, Ediciones La Bastilla, 1973 ;
- El gran viaje del Dios-sol, Hachette, 1976 ;
- La Agonía del Dios Sol, Hachette, 1977 ;
- La Geografía Secreta de América, Hachette, 1978 ;
- El Rey Vikingo del Paraguay, Hachette, 1979 ;
- ^ La rama nazi de Perón, La Nación, 16 February 1997 (in Spanish)
- ^ a b c d Nouvelle École n°47, 1995
- ^ a b La cavale des maudits, L'Express, 12 August 1988
- ^ Sur la piste des derniers nazis, L'Express, 9 March 1998 (in French)
- ^ Instituto de Investigación y Estudios Exobiológicos Delegación Chilena (in Spanish)
- ^ Mark Falcoff, Peron's Nazi Ties, Time, November 9, 1998 (in English)
- ^ Serge Dumont, Les Brigades noires: l'extrême-droite en France et en Belgique francophone, de 1944 à nos jours, EPO, 1983, pp.35-36
- ^ La Odessa que creó Perón, Pagina/12, 15 December 2002 (interview with Uki Goñi (in Spanish)
- ^ Sete Cidades, Universidad Federal de Piauí (in Portuguese)
- ^ For a better understanding of this matter, and in order to get a more detailed description of his influence in those revolutionary groups who took to guns in the last 60's and early 70's in Argentina, see Roberto Bardini, Tacuara, la Pólvora y la Sangre ("Tacuara, Gunpowder and Blood"), dedicated mainly to the far-right Tacuara Nationalist Movement.