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Jōryaku

Jōryaku (承暦) was a Japanese era name (年号, nengō, lit. year name) after Jōhō and before Eihō. This period spanned the years from November 1077 through February 1081.[1] The reigning emperor was Emperor Shirakawa-tennō (白河天皇).[2]

Change of Era

  • January 27, 1077 Jōryaku gannen (承暦元年): The new era name was created to mark an event or series of events. The previous era ended and the new one commenced in Jōhō 4, on the 17th day of the 11th month of 1077.[3]

Events of the Jōryaku Era

  • 1077 (Jōryaku 1, 1st month): Shirakawa went to the Kamo Shrines; and he visited Kiyomizu-dera and other Buddhist temples.[4]
  • 1077 (Jōryaku 1, 2nd month): Udaijin Minamoto no Morofusa died at of an ulcer at the age of 70.[4]
  • 1077 (Jōryaku 1): The emperor caused Hosshō-ji (dedicated to the "Superiority of Buddhist Law") to be built at Shirakawa in fulfillment of a sacred vow. This temple became only the first of a series of "sacred vow" temples to be created by Imperial decree. Hosshō-ji's nine-storied pagoda would become the most elaborate Imperial-sponsored temple structure ever erected up to this time.[5]
  • 1079 (Jōryaku 3, 10th month): The emperor visited the Fushimi Inari-taisha at the foot of Mount Fushimi and the Yasaka Shrine.[4]

Notes

  1. ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Jōryaku" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 433, p. 433, at Google Books; n.b., Louis-Frédéric is pseudonym of Louis-Frédéric Nussbaum, see Deutsche Nationalbibliothek Authority File.
  2. ^ Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du Japon, pp. 169-170; Brown, Delmer et al. (1979). Gukanshō, p. 316; Varley, H. Paul. (1980). Jinnō Shōtōki, p. 200-202.
  3. ^ Brown, p. 316.
  4. ^ a b c Titsingh, p. 170.
  5. ^ Brown, p. 317; Varley, p. 200.

References

  • Brown, Delmer M. and Ichirō Ishida, eds. (1979). Gukanshō: The Future and the Past. Berkeley: University of California Press. ISBN 978-0-520-03460-0; OCLC 251325323
  • Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric and Käthe Roth. (2005). Japan encyclopedia. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. ISBN 978-0-674-01753-5; OCLC 58053128
  • Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Nihon Odai Ichiran; ou, Annales des empereurs du Japon. Paris: Royal Asiatic Society, Oriental Translation Fund of Great Britain and Ireland. OCLC 5850691
  • Varley, H. Paul. (1980). A Chronicle of Gods and Sovereigns: Jinnō Shōtōki of Kitabatake Chikafusa. New York: Columbia University Press. ISBN 9780231049405; OCLC 6042764

External links

Preceded by
Jōhō
Era or nengō
Jōryaku

1077–1081
Succeeded by
Eihō