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Jōgen (Heian period)

Jōgen (貞元) was a Japanese era (年号,, nengō,, lit. "year name") after Ten'en and before Tengen. This period spanned the years from July 976 through November 978.[1] The reigning emperor was En'yū-tennō (円融天皇).[2]

Change of era

  • February 3, 976 Jōgen gannen (貞元元年): The new era name was created to mark an event or a number of events. The previous era ended and a new one commenced in Ten'en 4, on the 13th day of the 7th month of 976.[3]

Events of the Jōgen era

  • June 11, 976 (Jōgen 1, 11th day of the 5th month): The Imperial Palace was destroyed by a great fire.[4]
  • December 20, 977 ('Jōgen 2, 8th day of the 11th month): Fujiwara no Kanemichi dies at the age of 51.[5]


  1. ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Jōgen" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 429, p. 429, at Google Books; n.b., Louis-Frédéric is pseudonym of Louis-Frédéric Nussbaum, see Deutsche Nationalbibliothek Authority File.
  2. ^ Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du japon, pp. 144–146; Brown, Delmer et al. (1979). Gukanshō, p. 299–300; Varely, H. Paul. (1980). Jinnō Shōtōki, pp. 191–192.
  3. ^ Brown, p. 300.
  4. ^ Titsingh, p. 145.
  5. ^ Titsingh, p. 146.


  • Brown, Delmer M. and Ichirō Ishida, eds. (1979). Gukanshō: The Future and the Past. Berkeley: University of California Press. ISBN 978-0-520-03460-0; OCLC 251325323
  • Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric and Käthe Roth. (2005). Japan encyclopedia. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. ISBN 978-0-674-01753-5; OCLC 58053128
  • Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Nihon Ōdai Ichiran; ou, Annales des empereurs du Japon. Paris: Royal Asiatic Society, Oriental Translation Fund of Great Britain and Ireland. OCLC 5850691
  • Varley, H. Paul. (1980). A Chronicle of Gods and Sovereigns: Jinnō Shōtōki of Kitabatake Chikafusa. New York: Columbia University Press. ISBN 9780231049405; OCLC 6042764

External links

Preceded by
Era or nengō

Succeeded by