|Chirin nu Ibatan|
Filipinos in Taiwan
Official language in
|Regional language in the Philippines|
|Regulated by||Komisyon sa Wikang Filipino|
Location of Batanes, Philippines
Although the islands are closer to Taiwan than to Luzon, it is not one of the Formosan languages. Ivatan is one of the Batanic languages, which are perhaps a primary branch of the Malayo-Polynesian family of Austronesian languages.
Ivatan is especially characterized by its words, which mostly have the letter v, as in vakul, Ivatan, and valuga. The letter e is pronounced as the schwa oun, or uh, as in Dios Mamajes, 'di-yos-ma-ma-huhs', and palek 'pa-luhk'. While related to the Northern Philippine group of languages, Ivatan, having been isolated, is most close to the two other members of the Bashiic sub-group of languages, Yami (Tao) and Itbayat, neither of which is indigenous to Luzon. Ibatan, spoken on the nearby Babuyan group of islands, is so similar to Ivatan that it is not entirely clear whether it should be classified as a dialect of Ivatan or a separate language, though each does receive its own code in ISO taxonomy.
Supporting separate listings is that Ibatan is 31% mutual intelligible with Basco Ivatan, the standard form of the language. With Basco Ivatan, more commonly known as Ivasayen, an adjective denoting the Ivasayen people who inhabit the main island of Batan, and Itbayaten, derived from Itbayat,[but we just said this is a different language] the name for the northernmost of the three islands, is a third dialect, Isamurongen, a dialect with a vocabulary identical to Ivasayen spoken on the southern half of Batan and on the most southern island, Sabtang.
In the capital of Basco and the surrounding northern half of Batan, the area encompassed by Ivasayen, t is prominent, whereas in the Isamurongen zone to the south (Mahatao, Ivana, Uyugan and Sabtang) that phoneme becomes a ch.
Examples of the more visible variations of the Ivasayen and Isamurongen words and pronunciations are:
Itbayaten is sometimes also considered a dialect. 2% of the total vocabulary does not occur in Ivatan dialects. Examples of different Ivasayen, Isamurongen and Itbayaten words that have the same English translation:
The Ivatan language is basically a spoken language. Until lately,[when?] little effort was made to record the language in written form. What the young generation know about it is largely through hearing it spoken and speaking it.
Some[who?] tend to mix the Ivatan words to Filipino or vice versa in sentences, much worset is the combining or compounding of the Filipino words to the Ivatan words. One common example of this is – mapatak. This is derived from marunong (Filipino) and chapatak (Ivatan) which literally means "someone who knows" which were then compounded to form the word mapatak. This is actually the result of the influence of non-Ivatans who tend to speak the language and were then eventually adopted.
Another common mistakes that are often heard, is the mispronunciation of the Ivatan word like iskarayla – the correct is iskalayra – which means "stairs", and tumaraya – the correct is tumayara – which means "going up".
One unique characteristic of the language is its enormous street language. It is called street language because it emanated from the streets. Examples of these are: tanchew, coined from mirwa ta anchiyaw – literally means "we’ll meet again later", and nganmu, coined from jinu ngayan mu, literally means "where are you going". These are results of shortening the Ivatan phrases or sentences into one or two words depending on its usage.
Common Ivatan expressions have various origin such as:
An kalilyak mu
Carry with you good teaching, always bear in mind sound advice.
There is no strong man when the sea is at its worst.
There is no current that does not bounce back.
The feces that is dropped is sure comfort.
Do not gore the peg where you are tied.
Nobody can steal your knowledge.
Grasp the opportunity because the bed bugs will carry and hide them inside the floor.
Do not eat your fingers.
No one burns the house of a good man.
Stones are softer than his head.
Tomatoes do not bear eggplant.
They washed their face with what he said.
Leave him alone for his head is tangled.
Do not speak of a cavan for a measuring lime unit.
Coined words are two words combined to form one new word.
|Mirwa ta anchiyaw||Tanchew||We’ll meet again later.||Street language|
|Jinu ngayan mu||Nganmu||Where are you going?||Street language|
Loanwords are words in the language that have been borrowed from other languages.
|Telefono||Spanish||An instrument for reproducing sounds at a distance|
|0||Zero||Siro; a'bu||Siro; abu|