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Italian euro coins have a design unique to each denomination, though there is a common theme of famous Italian works of art from one of Italy's renowned artists. Each coin is designed by a different designer, from the 1 cent to the 2 euro coin they are: Eugenio Driutti, Luciana De Simoni, Ettore Lorenzo Frapiccini, Claudia Momoni, Maria Angela Cassol, Roberto Mauri, Laura Cretara and Maria Carmela Colaneri. All designs feature the 12 stars of the EU, the year of imprint, the overlapping letters "RI" for Repubblica Italiana (Italian Republic) and the letter R for Rome. There are no Italian euro coins dated earlier than 2002, even though they were certainly minted earlier, as they were first distributed to the public in December 2001.
The choice of the design of the coins was left to the Italian public by means of a television broadcast where alternative designs were presented, letting the people vote by calling a certain telephone number. However, the 1 euro coin was missing in this election, because Carlo Azeglio Ciampi, the then economy minister, had already decided it would sport the Vitruvian man of Leonardo da Vinci. Leonardo's work is highly symbolical as it represents the Renaissance focus on man as the measure of all things, and has simultaneously a round shape that fits the coin perfectly. As Ciampi observed, this represents the "coin to the service of Man", instead of Man to the service of money.
|€ 0.01||€ 0.02||€ 0.05|
|The Colosseum in Rome|
|The Castel del Monte, a 13th-century castle in Andria||Mole Antonelliana, a tower symbolising the city of Turin||The Colosseum in Rome, famous Roman amphitheatre|
|€ 0.10||€ 0.20||€ 0.50|
|Unique Forms of Continuity in Space|
|The Birth of Venus by painter Sandro Botticelli||The futurist sculpture Unique Forms of Continuity in Space by Umberto Boccioni||The Equestrian Statue of Marcus Aurelius|
|€ 1.00||€ 2.00||€ 2 Coin Edge|
|Vitruvian Man||Dante Alighieri||for a total of 12 stars|
|Vitruvian Man, drawing by Leonardo da Vinci||Portrait of Dante Alighieri by painter Raphael|
* No coins were minted that year for that denomination
|Engravers Initials||Different for each coin|
|€2 Edge inscription|
50th Anniversary of the Signature of the Treaty of Rome (2007)
60th Anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (2008)
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