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|Type||Broadcast radio and television|
|Owner||Statutory (public) corporation|
|May 15, 2017(television and radio)|
The Israeli Public Broadcasting Corporation (IPBC; Hebrew: תאגיד השידור הישראלי, translit. Ta'agid HaShidur HaYisra'eli, lit. 'Israeli Broadcasting Corporation') is the state broadcaster of Israel.
After multiple delays due to disagreements over its structure brought upon by Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, the IPBC officially began its radio and television operations—which carry the blanket branding Kan (Hebrew: כאן, lit. 'Here')— on 15 May 2017, succeeding the Israel Broadcasting Authority (IBA) as state broadcaster. Its formal goals include promoting the expansion of knowledge, Israeli culture, and innovation in broadcasting.
The Israel Broadcasting Authority (IBA) had deteriorated in status and function. Public committees found that the deterioration stemmed from a number of factors, including its large number of employees, high salary costs, rigid wage agreements, and the law governing it. The authors of the reports recommended structural changes to the authority and the law.
In July 2013, Minister of Communications Gilad Erdan hired an external consulting firm to examine the future of the IBA. In light of the data, the Landes Committee was established and published its decisions at the beginning of March 2014. According to the agreements reached, the television fee would be canceled on April 1, 2015, and a new broadcasting entity would be established to replace the IBA.
To formulate the necessary legislation, the Knesset set up a committee (headed by MK Karin Elharar) to discuss the public-broadcasting bill. The committee began its deliberations on June 11, 2014, and quickly conducted a number of meetings to allow the completion of the legislative process by the end of the Knesset session in July. On July 9, a bill was approved and passed to the Knesset for a second and third reading. The Public Broadcasting Law, which ordered the establishment of the Israel Broadcasting Corporation and the closure of the Broadcasting Authority, was passed on July 29, 2014. According to the new law, one quarter of the employees of the new body would come from the IBA and educational television.
Section 7 of the law describes the corporation's activity:
In the fulfillment of its functions (as stated in this section), the Israel Broadcasting Corporation will act:
In September 2014, the Israeli Public Broadcasting Corporation began operations. Eldad Koblenz was appointed head of the corporation in March 2015. The chairman of the board of directors is Gil Omer. On June 7, 2016, Shlomi Abrhm Globrzon was appointed director of the news department. By November 2016, about 600 employees were recruited to the company (mainly managers, finance and technology). The manpower budget allocated for recruitment enabled the recruitment of 912 employees.
In July 2016, Israeli prime minister and communications minister Benjamin Netanyahu and Histadrut chairman Avi Nissenkorn agreed to postpone the dissolution of the IBA and the new corporation until early 2018.
In an additional agreement between Netanyahu and Finance Minister Moshe Kahlon, it was decided to postpone the new corporation until April 30, 2017 unless it announced that it was ready to broadcast on January 1, 2017. In December 2016, Netanyahu and Kahlon agreed that the corporation would begin broadcasting on April 30, 2017.
In March 2017, Netanyahu worked to close the IBA in the face of Kahlon's opposition. They reached a compromise in which the new corporation was postponed to May 15, and the news division would operate as a separate corporation. On May 11, the Knesset approved the split of the news division; however, on May 14 the High Court of Justice issued a temporary injunction delaying the split.
The corporation's construction budget was ₪350 million (USD$98.1 million): ₪120 million ($33.6 million) for professional equipment, ₪28 million ($7.8 million) for labor, ₪14 million ($3.9 million) for operations, ₪128 million ($35.8 million) for real estate and $60 million for content acquisition.
Since the IPBC's launch date was scheduled for 30 April 2017, the Eurovision Song Contest 2017 was scheduled for broadcast on IPBC's Kan 11. The launch date was postponed in mid-April to 15 May, and the contest was broadcast by the IBA (its last television production and broadcast).
IPBC's application for European Broadcasting Union membership, replacing IBA as Israel's public broadcaster, is being reviewed by the EBU governing bodies and is pending approval at the EBU's General Assembly. On 6 July 2017, it was announced that an agreement had been signed between the EBU and the IPBC allowing the corporation to participate in EBU events (such as the Eurovision Song Contest) without full membership.
Israel won the Eurovision Song Contest 2018, and will thus host the 2019 edition in Tel Aviv. However, the EBU warned that the pending plan to make the IPBC's news department a separate broadcaster (leaving the IPBC responsible for entertainment programming only) conflicted with rules requiring member broadcasters to handle both news and entertainment programming. On 18 June 2018, as a high-court decision on the split approached, Netanyahu said that the Israeli government would comply with EBU rules to protect its hosting of the Eurovision Song Contest. The IPBC has interim membership in the EBU until the EBU's General Assembly votes on its full membership in December 2018.
Since May 15, 2017, the IPBC broadcasts two television channels on national DVB-T2 transmitters, satellite feed, the HOT cable company, the YES satellite company, smaller pay-TV providers (such as Cellcom TV and Partner TV) and a free 24/7 live stream on the Internet. In 2018, KAN introduced a 4K resolution broadcast on Channel 511 (currently used for broadcasts of the FIFA World Cup).
Kan's TV channels are:
Kan operates eight radio stations, transferred from the IBA:
Seven web-radio channels are dedicated to specific musical genres:
The corporation's 12-member public board determines corporate policy, including overall broadcasting policy, approval of broadcasting schedules and budgets, appointment of the general manager, supervision of management and implementation of policy. The board is also responsible for approving the corporation's organizational structure, employment policy, personnel records, and discussing (and approving) its budget and the CEO's annual work plan.
The appointment of board members is the responsibility of the Minister of Communications. Although board members have a four-year term, the Minister of Communications may (at the recommendation of the Search Committee) allow a member to serve one additional term. The board includes at least six women and at least one Arab member, including the Druze and Circassian populations. On 13 and 16 April 2016, the Minister of Communications and Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu approved the members of the board (headed by Gil Omer) on the recommendation of the search committee headed by Justice Ezra Kama.
The corporation's CEO is appointed to its board of directors. A search committee headed by Judge Ezra Kama, former vice president of the Jerusalem District Court, was formed. The CEO is appointed for a four-year term, which may be extended for another term. Their duties include routine management, being the chief editor of broadcasts, scheduled transmissions, and submitting budget proposals and annual work plans. The CEO represents the corporation, signs documents and transactions, and hires employees.
The corporation appointed a temporary general manager, Eldad Koblenz, for up to two years after the start of broadcasting concurrently with the appointment of the CEO. The temporary general manager established the infrastructure required for corporate activity until broadcasting began.
The news division provides content to the corporation's digital, television and radio stations, which also appears on the corporation's website and on Facebook page. A budget of ₪160 million was allocated for the division's establishment (compared to a budget of ₪90 million for each of the commercial news companies), with original plans to employ 450 journalists, photographers and production personnel.
During the establishment of the corporation, it did not have broadcast radio and television channels because the IBA was still in operation. Content consumption in general, and news in particular, was consumed through digital platforms such as VOD, the internet, and mobile phones. The Internet was the IPBC's first distribution channel, in mid-2016.
The digital division has two divisions: a Content Creation Division responsible for content adapted to social networks, and a Products Division responsible for building and operating the digital platforms. Services provided by the digital division include:
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