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Isovaleric acid amide
3D model (JSmol)
|Molar mass||101.15 g·mol−1|
|Melting point||137 °C (279 °F; 410 K)|
|Boiling point||226 °C (439 °F; 499 K)|
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
|‹See TfM› (what is ‹See TfM› ?)|
Isovaleramide is a constituent of valerian root.
In humans, it acts as a mild anxiolytic at lower doses and as a mild sedative at higher dosages. Isovaleramide has been shown to be non-cytotoxic and does not act as a CNS stimulant. It inhibits the liver alcohol dehydrogenases and has a reported LD50 of greater than 400 mg/kg when administered intraperitoneally in mice.