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Islamabad Capital Territory

Islamabad Capital Territory

اسلام آباد
Flag of Islamabad Capital Territory
Flag
Nickname(s): 
Isloo,[1] The Green City
Location of Islamabad Capital Territory in Pakistan
Location of Islamabad Capital Territory in Pakistan
Coordinates: 33°41′N 73°05′E / 33.683°N 73.083°E / 33.683; 73.083
CountryPakistanPakistan
Constructed1960s
CapitalIslamabad
Government
 • City GovernmentICT Administration (ICTA)
 • Chief CommissionerJoudat Ayaz[2]
 • Deputy CommissionerHamza Shafqat
 • Chairman CDASheikh Ansar Aziz (PML-N)
Area
 • Federal district1,165.50 km2 (450.00 sq mi)
 • Urban
906.00 km2 (349.81 sq mi)
Highest elevation
1,500 m (5,000 ft)
Lowest elevation
490 m (1,610 ft)
Population
(2017 census)[3]
 • Federal district2,851,868
 • Urban
2,09,180
Time zoneUTC+5 (PKT)
Postcode
44000
Area code(s)051
ISO 3166 codePK-IS
Websitewww.islamabad.gov.pk

Islamabad Capital Territory (Urdu: وفاقی دارالحکومت‎, or ICT) is the one and only federal territory of Pakistan. The territory is bounded by Punjab on the south, west and east and by Khyber Pakhtunkhwa on the north. The territory includes Islamabad, the federal capital of Pakistan, which covers 906 km2 (349.8 mi2) out of the total of 1165.5 km2 (450 mi2). The territory is represented in the National Assembly constituencies NA-52, NA-53 and NA-54.[4]

History

The five zones of Islamabad

In 1960, land was transferred from Rawalpindi District of Punjab province to establish Pakistan's new capital. According to the 1960 master plan, the Capital Territory included Rawalpindi, and was to be composed of the following parts:[5]

  • Rawalpindi, 259 square kilometres (100 sq mi)
  • Islamabad, 220.15 square kilometres (85.00 sq mi)
  • Margalla Hills, 220.15 square kilometres (85.00 sq mi)
  • Islamabad rural, 446.20 square kilometres (172.28 sq mi)

However, Rawalpindi was eventually excluded from the Islamabad master plan in the 1980s.[5]

Administration

Zones

Islamabad is subdivided into five zones:

  • Zone I: Designated for urban development and federal government institutions
  • Zone II: Designated for urban development
  • Zone III: Designated for rural development
  • Zone IV: Designated for rural development
  • Zone V: Designated for rural development

Sectors

Union Councils

Shrine near Model Town Islamabad.jpg

Islamabad Capital Territory comprises Islamabad urban and rural areas. The Islamabad Rural consists of 23 Union Councils, comprising 133 villages, while Islamabad Urban has 27 Union Councils.[6]

Union Councils of Islamabad Capital Territory
UC # Chief locality Localities within jurisdiction
1 Said Pur Said Pur, Gokina, Talhar
2 Noorpur Shahan Noorpur Shahan, Ratta Hutar
3 Mal Pur Mal Pur, Romali, Nariyas, Phadu, Shahdrah Khurd, Shahdrah Kalan, Mandala, Jang Begial, Subban Syedan, Mangial, Quaid-e-Azam University
4 Kot Hathial (Shamal) Kot Hathial, Bhara Kahu, Nayiabadi, Muhallah Alnoor, Muhallah Ban, Muhallah Malkan, Dhok Syedan
5 Kot Hathial (Janoob) Kot Hathial, Nainsukh, Barakahu, Behra Syedan, Muhallah Ghousia, Sharak-e-Madina, Dhok Jilani, Muhallah Malikabad
6 Phulgran Phulgran, Phul Garan, Dhok Kuch, Abbasiabad, Dhok Badhan, Muhallah Kangar, Mahallah Ranjpuran, Shahpur, Bobry, Karlot Chattar, Mohra Rajpoota, Muhallah Sumbul, Bani Gala
7 Pind Begwal Pind Begwal, Bainala, Maira Biguwal, Atthal, Dhok Sajjal, Dhok Nanda Sihali, Jandala, Simli
8 Tumair Tumair, Pihont, Chakhtan, Darkalam, Kanjnah
9 Charah Charah, Dhok Maira, Dhok Las, Kiani, Dhok Haveli
10 Kipa Kirpa, Ladhiot Syedan, Pind Malikan, Dhok Ban, Bhimbar Tarar, Mahallah Haveli Rajgan, Mehfozabad, Chaniol, Muhallah Chaudrian, Ara, Gora Mast, Dhok Jogian Harnu, Chauntra Sogran
11 Mughal Mughal, Hardoghar, Kangota Gujjran Sihala, Hondamial, Nara Syedan, Chuchkal Chakiyan, Chak Kamdar
12 Rawat Rawat, Bhangrial Kalan, Banni Saran, Mohra Nagial, Sawan
13 Humak Humak, Kaniyal, Gora Syedan, Niazian
14 Sihala Sihala Khurd, Maira Dakhli, Bhandar Sihala, Jarki Sihala, Gagri Sihala, Jhundla, Kangota Syedan, Gura Mistriyan
15 Lohi Bhair Lohi Bhar, Shahrak-e-Korang, Bagh-e-Sawan, Shahrak-e-Pakistan
16 Darwala Darwala, Dhaliala, Panwal, Chucha Sheikhiyan, Bhair, Kanghar, Sher Ghamial, Dhok Kavgar, Kathrial, Chucha, Dhok Kashimiriya
17 Koral Koral, Tarlai Khurd, Gangal, Chaklala, Shareefabad, Gohra Sardar, Tarlai
18 Khana Dak Khana Dak, Dhok Jabba, Pindorian, Shahrak-e-Bilal, Shahrak-e-Barma, Shahrak-e-Madina, Muhallah Wahid Abad, Shahrak-e-Masih)
19 Tarlai Kalan Tarlai Kalan, Irfanabad, Chappar Meer Khanal, Sahana
20 Ali Pur Ali Pur, Alipur, Khadrapar, Farash
21 Sohan Sohan Dehati, Khana Kak, Shakrial, Shakrial (Sharki)
22 Chak Shahzad Chak Shahzad, Chak Bihra Shigh, Jaba Teli, Sohana, Pandori, Chhatta Bakhtawar, Bohan, Dhoke Sharaf, Mujuhan
23 Kuri Kuri, Malot, Rakh Bani Gala, Rihara, Mohra Jujan
24 Shahrak-e-Rawal Shahrak-e-Rawal, Shahrak-e-Margala, Sumbal Korakh, Puna Faqeeran, Mohrian
25 Sector F-6 F-6/1, F-6/2, F-6/3, F-6/4, Farooqi Bazar, Madni Masjid, Dhobi Gat
26 Sector G-6/1
27 Sector G-6 Sector G-6/2, Sector G-6/3 & Sector G-6/4
28 Sector F-7, F-8, F-9
29 Sector F-10, F-11
30 Sector G-7/3, G-7/4
31 Sector G-7/1, G-7/2
32 Sector G-8/3, G-8/4
33 Sector G-8/1, G-8/2
34 Sector G-9 Sector G-9/1, G-9/3, G-9/4
35 Sector G-9/2
36 Sector G-10/3, G-10/4
37 Sector G-10/1, G-10/2
38 Sector G-11 Sector G-11/1, G-11/2, G-11/3, G-11/4
39 Maira Sumbal Jaffar Maira Sumbal Jaffar, Golra Sharif, Badia Rusmat Khan, Maira Akku, Dhareek Mohri, Shahrak-e-Effaq
40 Sector I-8 Sector I-8/1,I8/2,I8/3,I8/4
41 Sector I-9
42 Sector I-10/1
43 Sector I-10 Sector I-10/2, I-10/3, I-10/4
44 Bokra Bokra, Haji Complex, Soria Harboza, Mouza Sorain, Peer Wadhai, Shahrak-e-Iqbal
45 Jhangi Saydan
46 Badhana Kalan
47 Tarnol
48 Sarai Kharbooza
49 Shah Allah Ditta
50 Golra Sharif

Climate

Islamabad's deciduous trees colours in Autumn

The climate of Islamabad has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen: Cwa), with five seasons: Winter (November–February), Spring (March and April), Summer (May and June), Rainy Monsoon (July and August) and Autumn (September and October). The hottest month is June, where average highs routinely exceed 38 °C (100.4 °F). Wettest month is July, with heavy rainfalls and evening thunderstorms with the possibility of cloudburst and flooding. Coolest month is January. Islamabad's micro-climate is regulated by three artificial reservoirs: Rawal, Simli, and Khanpur Dam. Last one is located on the Haro River near the town of Khanpur, about 40 kilometres (25 mi) from Islamabad. Simli Dam is 30 kilometres (19 mi) north of Islamabad. 220 acres (89 ha) of the city consists of Margalla Hills National Park. Loi Bher Forest is situated along the Islamabad Highway, covering an area of 1,087 acres (440 ha).[7] Highest monthly rainfall of 743.3 millimetres (29.26 in) was recorded during July 1995.[8] Winters generally feature dense fog in the mornings and sunny afternoons. In the city, temperatures stay mild, with snowfall over the higher elevations points on nearby hill stations, notably Murree and Nathia Gali. The temperatures range from 13 °C (55 °F) in January to 38 °C (100 °F) in June. The highest recorded temperature was 46.6 °C (115.9 °F) on 23 June 2005 while the lowest temperature was −6 °C (21.2 °F) on 17 January 1967.[9][10] The city has "recorded" snowfall. On 23 July 2001, Islamabad received a record breaking 620 millimetres (24 in) of rainfall in just 10 hours. It was the heaviest rainfall in Islamabad in the past 100 years and the highest rainfall in 24 hours as well.[11][12]

Climate data for Islamabad (1961–1990)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 30.1
(86.2)
30.0
(86)
34.4
(93.9)
40.6
(105.1)
45.6
(114.1)
46.6
(115.9)
45.0
(113)
42.0
(107.6)
38.1
(100.6)
37.8
(100)
32.2
(90)
28.3
(82.9)
46.6
(115.9)
Average high °C (°F) 17.7
(63.9)
19.1
(66.4)
23.9
(75)
30.1
(86.2)
35.3
(95.5)
38.7
(101.7)
35.0
(95)
33.4
(92.1)
33.5
(92.3)
30.9
(87.6)
25.4
(77.7)
19.7
(67.5)
28.6
(83.5)
Daily mean °C (°F) 10.1
(50.2)
12.1
(53.8)
16.9
(62.4)
22.6
(72.7)
27.5
(81.5)
31.2
(88.2)
29.7
(85.5)
28.5
(83.3)
27.0
(80.6)
22.4
(72.3)
16.5
(61.7)
11.6
(52.9)
21.3
(70.3)
Average low °C (°F) 2.6
(36.7)
5.1
(41.2)
9.9
(49.8)
15.0
(59)
19.7
(67.5)
23.7
(74.7)
24.3
(75.7)
23.5
(74.3)
20.6
(69.1)
13.9
(57)
7.5
(45.5)
3.4
(38.1)
14.1
(57.4)
Record low °C (°F) −6.1
(21)
−2.2
(28)
−0.3
(31.5)
5.1
(41.2)
10.5
(50.9)
15.0
(59)
17.8
(64)
17.0
(62.6)
13.3
(55.9)
5.7
(42.3)
−0.6
(30.9)
−4.1
(24.6)
−6.1
(21)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 56.1
(2.209)
73.5
(2.894)
89.8
(3.535)
61.8
(2.433)
39.2
(1.543)
62.2
(2.449)
267.0
(10.512)
309.9
(12.201)
98.2
(3.866)
29.3
(1.154)
17.8
(0.701)
37.3
(1.469)
1,142.1
(44.966)
Mean monthly sunshine hours 195.7 187.1 202.3 252.4 311.9 300.1 264.4 250.7 262.2 275.5 247.9 195.6 2,945.8
Source #1: NOAA (normals)[13]
Source #2: PMD (extremes)[14]


Cityscape

Civic administration

The main administrative authority of the city is Islamabad Capital Territory (ICT) Administration with some help from Capital Development Authority (CDA), which oversees the planning, development, construction, and administration of the city. Islamabad Capital Territory is divided into eight zones: Administrative Zone, Commercial District, Educational Sector, Industrial Sector, Diplomatic Enclave, Residential Areas, Rural Areas and Green Area.

Islamabad city is divided into five major zones: Zone I, Zone II, Zone III, Zone IV, and Zone V. Out of these, Zone IV is the largest in area. All sectors of ghouri town (1, 2, 3, VIP, 5, 4-A, 4-B, 4-C, 5-A, 5-B and sector 7) are located in this zone. Zone I consists mainly of all the developed residential sectors, while Zone II consists of the under-developed residential sectors. Each residential sector is identified by a letter of the alphabet and a number, and covers an area of approximately 4 square kilometers. The sectors are lettered from A to I, and each sector is divided into four numbered sub-sectors.[15]

Series A, B, and C are still underdeveloped. The D series has seven sectors (D-11 to D-17), of which only sector D-12 is completely developed. This series is located at the foot of Margalla Hills.[16] The E Sectors are named from E-7 to E-17. Many foreigners and diplomatic personnel are housed in these sectors.[16] In the revised Master Plan of the city, CDA has decided to develop a park on the pattern of Fatima Jinnah Park in sector E-14. Sectors E-8 and E-9 contain the campuses of Bahria University, Air University, and the National Defence University.[17][18][19] The F and G series contains the most developed sectors. F series contains sectors F-5 to F-17; some sectors are still under-developed. F-5 is an important sector for the software industry in Islamabad, as the two software technology parks are located here. The entire F-9 sector is covered with Fatima Jinnah Park. The Centaurus complex will be one of the major landmarks of the F-8 sector.[16] G sectors are numbered G-5 through G-17. Some important places include the Jinnah Convention Center and Serena Hotel in G-5, the Red Mosque in G-6, and the Pakistan Institute of Medical Sciences, the largest medical complex in the capital, located in G-8.[16]

The H sectors are numbered H-8 through H-17. The H sectors are mostly dedicated to educational and health institutions. National University of Sciences and Technology covers a major portion of sector H-12.[16] The I sectors are numbered from I-8 to I-18. With the exception of I-8, which is a well-developed residential area, these sectors are primarily part of the industrial zone. Currently two sub-sectors of I-9 and one sub-sector of I-10 are used as industrial areas. CDA is planning to set up Islamabad Railway Station in Sector I-18 and Industrial City in sector I-17.[16] Zone III consists primarily of the Margalla Hills and Margalla Hills National Park. Rawal Lake is in this zone. Zone IV and V consist of Islamabad Park, and rural areas of the city. The Soan River flows into the city through Zone V.

Demographics

First languages of Islamabad
(according to the 1998 Census)[20]
Punjabi
71.6%
Urdu
10.1%
Pashto
9.5%
Saraiki
1.1%
Sindhi
0.6%
Balochi
0.1%
Others
7%

While urban Islamabad is home to people from all over Pakistan as well as expatriates, in the rural areas a number of Pothohari speaking tribal communities can still be recognized.[21]

Islamabad-Rawalpindi metropolitan area

When the master plan for Islamabad was drawn up in 1960, Islamabad and Rawalpindi, along with the adjoining areas, was to be integrated to form a large metropolitan area called Islamabad/Rawalpindi Metropolitan Area. The area would consist of the developing Islamabad, the old colonial cantonment city of Rawalpindi, and Margalla Hills National Park, including surrounding rural areas.[22][23] However, Islamabad city is part of the Islamabad Capital Territory, while Rawalpindi is part of Rawalpindi District, which is part of province of Punjab.[24]

Initially, it was proposed that the three areas would be connected by four major highways: Murree Highway, Islamabad Highway, Soan Highway, and Capital Highway. However, to date only two highways have been constructed: Kashmir Highway (the former Murree Highway) and Islamabad Highway.[23] Plans of constructing Margalla Avenue are also underway.[25] Islamabad is the hub all the governmental activities while Rawalpindi is the centre of all industrial, commercial, and military activities. The two cities are considered sister cities and are highly interdependent.[22]

Economy

Islamabad is a net contributor to the Pakistani economy, as whilst having only 0.8% of the country's population, it contributes 1% to the country's GDP.[26] Islamabad Stock Exchange, founded in 1989, is Pakistan's third largest stock exchange after Karachi Stock Exchange and Lahore Stock Exchange.[27] The exchange has 118 members with 104 corporate bodies and 18 individual members. The average daily turnover of the stock exchange is over 1 million shares.[28] As of 2012, Islamabad LTU (Large Tax Unit) was responsible for Rs 371 billion in tax revenue, which amounts to 20% of all the revenue collected by Federal Board of Revenue.[29]

Islamabad has seen an expansion in information and communications technology with the addition two Software Technology Parks, which house numerous national and foreign technological and information technology companies. The tech parks are located in Evacuee Trust Complex and Awami Markaz. Awami Markaz houses 36 IT companies while Evacuee Trust house 29 companies.[30] Call centres for foreign companies have been targeted as another significant area of growth, with the government making efforts to reduce taxes by as much as 10% to encourage foreign investments in the information technology sector. Most of Pakistan's state-owned companies like PIA, PTV, PTCL, OGDCL, and Zarai Taraqiati Bank Ltd. are based in Islamabad. Headquarters of all major telecommunication operators such as PTCL, Mobilink, Telenor, Ufone, and China Mobile are located in Islamabad.

Transport

  • Airports: Islamabad is connected to major destinations around the world through Benazir Bhutto International Airport, previously known as Islamabad International Airport.[31] The airport is the third largest in Pakistan and is located outside Islamabad, in Chaklala, Rawalpindi.[32] In fiscal year 2004–2005, over 2.88 million passengers used Benazir Bhutto International Airport and 23,436 aircraft movements were registered.[33] Islamabad Gandhara International Airport is under construction at Fateh Jang to cope with the increasing number of passengers. When completed, the airport will be the largest in Pakistan. The airport will be built at a cost of $400 million and is expected to be complete and operational by 2017. This will be the first green field airport in Pakistan with an area of 3,600-acre (15 km2).[34]

The Rawalpindi-Islamabad Metrobus is a 24 km (14.9 mi) bus rapid transit system that serves the twin cities of Rawalpindi and Islamabad in Pakistan. It uses dedicated bus lanes for all of its route covering 24 bus stations. Islamabad is well connected with other parts of the country through car rental services such as Alvi Transport Network and Pakistan Car Rentals.

All major cities and towns are accessible through regular trains and bus services running mostly from the neighbouring city of Rawalpindi. Lahore and Peshawar are linked to Islamabad through a network of motorways, which has significantly reduced travelling times between these cities. M-2 Motorway is 367 km (228 mi) long and connect Islamabad and Lahore.[35] M-1 Motorway connects Islamabad with Peshawar and is 155 km (96 mi) long.[35] Islamabad is linked to Rawalpindi through the Faizabad Interchange, which has a daily traffic volume of about 48,000 vehicles.[36]

Education

Islamabad has the highest literacy rate of Pakistan at 95%.[37] Islamabad also has some of Pakistan's major universities, including Quaid-i-Azam University, the International Islamic University, and the National University of Sciences and Technology and Pakistan Institute of Engineering and Applied Sciences

Private School Network Islamabad is working for private educational institutions. The president of PSN is Dr. Muhammad Afzal Babur from Bhara Kahu. PSN is divided into eight zones in Islamabad. In Tarlai Zone Chaudhary Faisal Ali from Faisal Academy Tarlai Kalan is Zonal General Sectary of PSN.

Quaid-e-Azam University has several faculties. The institute is located in a semi-hilly area, east of the Secretariat buildings and near the base of Margalla Hills. This Post-Graduate institute is spread over 1,705 acres (6.90 km2). The nucleus of the campus has been designed as an axial spine with a library as its center. Other universities include the following:[38]

Sports

Islamabad United became the first ever team to win Pakistan Super League in 2016.[39] And Now The Federal Team Is Participating In The Pakistan Cup The Team Is Under Captinacy of Misbah-ul-Haq Former Captain Of Pakistan, The Islambad United Was Also Under Misbah.

See also

References

  1. ^ Berenson, Alex (2011). The Midnight House. Random House. p. 5. ISBN 978-0099536970.
  2. ^ "Chief-Commissioner - ICTA". ictadministration.gov.pk. Retrieved 6 September 2016.
  3. ^ "The News International: Latest News Breaking, Pakistan News". thenews.com.pk. Retrieved 24 February 2016.
  4. ^ District Profile: Central Punjab - Islamabad
  5. ^ a b Vinayak Bharne, ed. (2013). The Emerging Asian City: Concomitant Urbanities and Urbanisms. Routledge. p. 131. ISBN 978-0-415-52597-8.
  6. ^ Islamabad Capital Territory Administration. Ictadministration.gov.pk. Retrieved on 2013-07-12.
  7. ^ "Urban growth monitoring along Islamabad Highway". GIS Development.
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  9. ^ "Internet Archive Wayback Machine". Web.archive.org. 13 June 2010. Archived from the original on 13 June 2010. Retrieved 15 January 2012.
  10. ^ "Average Conditions, Islamabad, Pakistan". Retrieved 25 September 2009.
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  12. ^ "Weather Log – July 21–31, 2001". National Climatic Data Center. 6 August 2001.
  13. ^ "Islamabad Climate Normals 1961-1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved January 16, 2012.
  14. ^ "Extremes of Islamabad". Pakistan Meteorological Department. Retrieved February 1, 2015.
  15. ^ Matthew S. Hull (5 June 2012). Government of Paper: The Materiality of Bureaucracy in Urban Pakistan (1st ed.). University of California Press. p. 50. ISBN 978-0520272156. Retrieved 4 July 2012.
  16. ^ a b c d e f "The Idea of Islamabad". TheIslamabad.com.
  17. ^ Bahria University. "Official website". Archived from the original on 1 March 2010.
  18. ^ Air University. "Official website".
  19. ^ National Defence University. "Official website".
  20. ^ "Percentage Distribution of Households by Language Usually Spoken and Region/Province, 1998 Census" (PDF). Pakistan Statistical Year Book 2008. Federal Bureau of Statistics – Government of Pakistan. Retrieved 2 February 2016.
  21. ^ A Gazetteer of Rawalpindi District Part A 1907
  22. ^ a b Dulyapak Preecharushh (6 April 2011). "Myanmar's New Capital City of Naypyidaw". In Stanley D. Brunn. Engineering Earth: The Impacts of Megaengineering Projects (1st ed.). Springer. p. 1041. ISBN 978-9048199198. Retrieved 4 July 2012.
  23. ^ a b "Planning of Islamabad and Rawalpindi" (PDF). |first2= missing |last2= in Authors list (help)
  24. ^ Sheikh, Iqbal M.; Van S. Williams; S. Qamer Raza; Kanwar S.A. Khan. "Environmental Geology of the Islamabad-Rawalpindi Area, Northern Pakistan" (PDF). Regional Studies of the Potwar Plateau Area, Northern Pakistan. U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey.
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  27. ^ "Pakistan Stock Exchanges".
  28. ^ ISE-Official website. "About ISE". Archived from the original on 17 June 2011.
  29. ^ "Rs 371bn revenue target: FBR hails LTU Islamabad's performance". Business Recorder. 5 July 2012. Retrieved 9 July 2012.
  30. ^ Pakistan Software Export Board. "Islamabad". Archived from the original on 5 May 2010.
  31. ^ Geo News. "PM names Islamabad Airport as Benazir Bhutto International Airport". Archived from the original on 15 July 2015.
  32. ^ United Impex. "International Air Ports in Pakistan".
  33. ^ A-Z World Airports. "Islamabad – Benazir Bhutto International Airport (ISB/OPRN)".
  34. ^ CPG Corporation. "New Islamabad International Airport's Passenger Terminal Building". Archived from the original on 21 November 2007.
  35. ^ a b National Highway Authority Pakistan. "Motorway's of Pakistan".
  36. ^ NESPAK. "Faizabad Interchange". Archived from the original on 10 August 2011.
  37. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 13 November 2010. Retrieved 2010-09-28.
  38. ^ HEC recognized Universities Archived 29 October 2013 at the Wayback Machine.. Hec.gov.pk. Retrieved on 2013-07-12.
  39. ^ "ARY Digital Network President Salman Iqbal congratulates Islamabad United over winning PSL". arynews.tv. Retrieved 24 February 2016.

External links

Islamabad travel guide from Wikivoyage