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Interstate 80 in Pennsylvania

Interstate 80 marker

Interstate 80
  • Keystone Shortway
  • Z.H. Confair Memorial Highway[1]
I-80 highlighted in red
Route information
Maintained by PennDOT
Length311.07 mi[2] (500.62 km)
Major junctions
West end I-80 at Ohio state line in Shenango Township
 
East end I-80 at New Jersey state line in Delaware Water Gap
Location
CountiesMercer, Venango, Butler, Clarion, Jefferson, Clearfield, Centre, Clinton, Union, Northumberland, Montour, Columbia, Luzerne, Carbon, Monroe
Highway system
PA 79PA 80

The transcontinental Interstate 80 (I-80) is designated across northern Pennsylvania as the Keystone Shortway, officially the Z.H. Confair Memorial Highway.[1] This route was built mainly along a completely new alignment, not paralleling any earlier U.S. Routes, as a shortcut to the tolled Pennsylvania Turnpike and New York State Thruway. It does not serve any major cities in Pennsylvania, and serves mainly as a cross-state route on the Ohio-New York City corridor. Most of I-80's path across the state goes through hilly and mountainous terrain, with relatively flat areas playing home to the freeway toward the western tier of the state.

Route description

Interstate 80 intersects cities such as DuBois, Sharon, Hazleton, and Stroudsburg.

Western Pennsylvania

From the state of Ohio, I-80 enters the Western Pennsylvania area which encompasses Mercer, Venango, Butler, Clarion, Jefferson, and Clearfield Counties. I-80 intersects I-376 (serving the Pittsburgh International Airport and on to Downtown Pittsburgh) and I-79 (serving Erie to the north and Pittsburgh to the south) in Mercer County in Shenango and Findley Township respectively. Jefferson County at mile marker 73 is known for the city of Punxsutawney, the location of the famous groundhog Punxsutawney Phil who predicts the weather on Groundhog Day. In Clearfield County, I-80 reaches its highest elevation east of the Mississippi River, 2,250 feet (690 m), although other interstate highways east of the Mississippi, including I-26 in North Carolina and Tennessee, reach higher elevations. This point is just east of Exit 111. A sign prominently displays this unusual fact about the Interstate. At mile marker 101, I-80 passes by the city of Dubois.

Centre, Clinton, and Union counties

I-80 enters Centre County around mile marker 138 and intersects I-99 at exit 161, the main connecting point to the Pennsylvania Turnpike (I-76 and I-70) and the Pennsylvania State University. US 220 is concurrent between exits 161 and 178 where it heads towards Lock Haven, home to the Lock Haven University of Pennsylvania.

Around mile marker 191, Pennsylvania route 880 follows a parallel alignment within the median between the eastbound and westbound lanes for a half-mile, an unusual arrangement in Pennsylvania. It is common to see horse-drawn carriages from the nearby Amish communities travelling this highway-within-a-highway.

At mile marker 199, I-80 approaches the Williamsport area, the venue of the Little League World Series in Lycoming County, while passing through Union County. I-80 intersects I-180 at exit 212.

Northeastern Pennsylvania

Interstate 80 from an overpass in Hemlock Township, Columbia County, Pennsylvania

I-80 enters the Northeastern Pennsylvania area to include points Northumberland County and east to New Jersey. In Montour County at mile marker 224, it approaches the Bloomsburg area, home to the Bloomsburg University of Pennsylvania. I-80 also passes by the Wilkes-Barre/Scranton area in Luzerne County. At exit 260, a connection can be made via I-81 to Harrisburg to the south and Binghamton, NY to the north.

I-80 intersects I-476 at exit 277 in Carbon County for connections to Allentown and Philadelphia to the south and I-380 for a connection to I-84 to New England and Scranton. Around mile marker 305, I-80 approaches Stroudsburg and East Stroudsburg, home to the East Stroudsburg University of Pennsylvania and the ski resort areas generally known as the Poconos. After passing by the Delaware Water Gap, I-80 enters the state of New Jersey via the Delaware Water Gap Toll Bridge.

History

I-80 near the exit for PA 611 in Stroudsburg.
Sign noting the highest point on I-80 east of the Mississippi River located in Clearfield County.

The corridor now served by I-80 was originally to be a branch of the Pennsylvania Turnpike from Sharon to Stroudsburg. Planning was shifted to the Pennsylvania Department of Highways in 1956 with the passage of the National Interstate and Defense Highways Act.[3]

In early plans for the Interstate Highway System, the connection across northern Pennsylvania would have paralleled U.S. Route 6N and U.S. Route 6 from what became Interstate 90 near West Springfield, Pennsylvania east to Scranton. (From Scranton east to Hartford, Connecticut, Interstate 84 was built parallel to US 6.) From Scranton a route went southeast along U.S. Route 611 to the Stroudsburg area, and then east along U.S. Route 46 to near New York City. On May 22, 1957, a request by Pennsylvania to move the corridor south was approved by the Federal Highway Administration.[4] (The Scranton-Stroudsburg connection was kept, and the new alignment merged with it west of Stroudsburg.) However, when the initial numbers were assigned later that year, they were drawn on a 1947 map, and so the corridor across northern Pennsylvania became part of Interstate 84, while the Scranton-New York route became Interstate 82. (I-80 ran along the Pennsylvania Turnpike - later Interstate 80S - to Harrisburg, where it split into I-80S to Philadelphia and I-80N (later Interstate 78) to New York.)[5] This was corrected the next year, as the Keystone Shortway became part of I-80, and the southern route became I-80S (later I-76) and I-78. I-84 was truncated to Scranton, and the Scranton-Stroudsburg connection became Interstate 81E (later renumbered Interstate 380).[6]

The first section of present I-80 to open was the Delaware Water Gap Toll Bridge, opened December 16, 1953. This had been built as part of U.S. Route 611 and connected back to its old alignment soon after crossing into Pennsylvania. Construction on the rest of I-80 began in 1959 and was completed in 1970.[3]

In 1993, exit 43 (now exit 284) of I-80, which serves the Pocono Raceway, was designated the Richard Petty Interchange in honor of the NASCAR legend that drove the #43 car.[7][8]

On March 7, 2011, the supporting wall on the eastbound I-80 bridge over Sullivan Trail in Tannersville collapsed from snow and rain. As a result, eastbound I-80 was reduced to one lane and Sullivan Trail was closed.[9]

On July 10, 2014, a criminal rock throwing incident known as the Interstate 80 rock throwing took place along I-80 in Union County, critically injuring and permanently disfiguring a passenger. Four local youths were responsible.[10]

Toll proposal

In an effort to keep the Pennsylvania Turnpike system under public control, in June 2007, the Pennsylvania Turnpike Commission proposed tolling Interstate 80 as a means of raising transportation revenue. It is seeking the permission to put tolls on the highway through a Federal Highway Administration pilot program that allows three states to place tolls on interstates. Missouri's Interstate 70 and Virginia had already taken two of the spots.[11] Under the plan, the PTC would assume all maintenance and toll-taking operations on I-80. The plan calls for up to ten toll plazas along the length of I-80 in Pennsylvania with a toll rate of 8 cents per mile (5.0 ¢/km), which would be comparable to the rate on the Pennsylvania Turnpike following a projected toll increase.[12] Originally, I-80 was part of the PTC's 1,000 Mile Turnpike system, but with the passage of the Interstate Highway Act in 1954, the PTC abandoned the 1,000-mile (1,600 km) system and only maintained the original east–west Turnpike and its Northeastern Extension. Currently the only toll on I-80 in Pennsylvania is at the Delaware Water Gap bridge between Pennsylvania and New Jersey.[13] Tolling on I-80 was to be completed by 2010.[14] On October 15, 2007, the lease for the Pennsylvania Turnpike Commission to toll I-80 was signed.[12]

This plan faced opposition from Northern Pennsylvania politicians who feared tolls would hurt the economy in the region[15] and who did not want their tolls going toward funding mass transit. Congressmen John E. Peterson and Phil English proposed a federal transportation bill that would ban the tolling of I-80. The chief executive officer of the Pennsylvania Turnpike Commission promised that the tolls would be used on highway projects in Pennsylvania and not on mass transit.[16] On December 12, 2007, the FHWA rejected the plan, and returned Pennsylvania's application for tolling I-80 with questions asking why the state should place tolls on the highway.[11]

On September 11, 2008, the Federal Highway Administration rejected Pennsylvania's application to toll Interstate 80 for the second time.[17]

On April 6, 2010, the Federal Highway Administration rejected this application for the third time.[18]

Exit list

CountyLocationmikmOld exit
[19]
New exit
[19]
DestinationsNotes
MercerShenango Township0.000.00 I-80 west – YoungstownContinuation into Ohio
4.006.4414 I-376 east / PA 760 north – New Castle, SharonSplit into exits 4A (I-376) and 4B (PA 760);
exit 1 on I-376; western terminus of I-376, southern terminus of PA 760
East Lackawannock Township14.9023.98215 US 19 – Mercer
Findley Township19.1030.7419 I-79 – Pittsburgh, ErieSplit into exits 19A (south) and 19B (north); exit 116 on I-79
Worth Township23.7038.143A24 PA 173 – Grove City, Sandy Lake
VenangoBarkeyville28.9046.51329 PA 8 – Barkeyville, Franklin
Clinton Township34.7055.84435 PA 308 – Clintonville
Scrubgrass Township41.9067.43542 PA 38 – Emlenton
Butler
No major junctions
Allegheny River44.3071.29Emlenton Bridge
ClarionRichland Township45.7073.55645 PA 478 – Emlenton, St. PetersburgWestbound ramps are via PA 38 / PA 208
Beaver Township53.5086.10753 To PA 338 – KnoxAccess via Canoe Ripple Road
Paint Township60.1096.72860 PA 66 north – ShippenvilleWest end of concurrency with PA 66
Monroe Township61.9099.62962 PA 68 – Sligo, Clarion
Clarion Township64.50103.801064 PA 66 south – New Bethlehem, ClarionEast end of concurrency with PA 66; access to Clarion University
70.30113.141170 US 322 – Strattanville, Corsica
JeffersonUnion Township72.90117.321273 PA 949 – Corsica
Brookville78.30126.011378 PA 36 – BrookvilleAccess to Punxsutawney for Groundhog Day
Pine Creek Township81.10130.521481 PA 28 – Hazen
Winslow Township86.40139.051586Fuller Road – Reynoldsville
90.60145.8190 PA 830 east – DuBois Regional Airport
ClearfieldSandy Township96.40155.141697 US 219 – DuBois, Brockway
100.90162.3817101 PA 255 – DuBois, Penfield
Pine Township110.40177.6718111 PA 153 – Clearfield, Penfield
Plymptonville119.40192.1619120 PA 879 – Clearfield, Shawville
Lawrence Township122.70197.4720123 PA 970 to US 322 – Woodland, ShawvilleAlternative route to State College
Cooper Township132.60213.4021133 PA 53 – Phillipsburg, Kylertown
CentreSnow Shoe147.00236.5722147 To PA 144 – Snow ShoeAccess via local roads
Boggs Township157.40253.3123158
PA 150 / US 220 Alt. south – Milesburg, Blanchard
West end of concurrency with US 220 Alt.
Spring Township160.20257.8224161 I-99 south / US 220 south / PA 26 – Bellefonte, HowardEast end of concurrency with US 220 Alt.;
west end of concurrency with US 220;
temporary northern terminus of I-99
ClintonPorter Township172.70277.9325173 PA 64 – Pleasant Gap, Mill Hall
Lamar Township177.50285.6626178 US 220 north – Lock Haven, WilliamsportEast end of concurrency with US 220; Future I-99 north
Greene Township185.20298.0527185 PA 477 – Loganton, Salona
191.90308.8328192 To PA 880 – Loganton, Jersey ShoreAccess via East Valley Road
UnionWest Buffalo Township198.90320.1029199Mile Run RoadAccess to Bald Eagle State Forest
White Deer Township209.70337.4830210 US 15 – Lewisburg, WilliamsportSigned as exits 210A (south) and 210B (north)
NorthumberlandMilton211.40340.2231212 I-180 west / PA 147 south – Williamsport, MiltonSplit into exits 212A (PA 147) and 212B (I-180);
Eastern terminus of I-180, northern terminus of PA 147
East Chillisquaque Township214.80345.6932215 PA 254 – Limestoneville
MontourValley Township223.50359.6933224 PA 54 – Danville, Washingtonville
ColumbiaHemlock Township231.70372.8934232 PA 42 – Buckhorn
Bloomsburg235.30378.6835236 PA 487 – Bloomsburg, LightstreetSplit into 236A (north) and 236B (south) westbound; access to Bloomsburg University
South Centre Township240.20386.5636241 US 11 – Lime Ridge, Berwick
Main Township241.40388.5037242 PA 339 – Mainville, Mifflinville
LuzerneSugarloaf Township255.50411.1938256 PA 93 – Conyngham, Nescopeck
Butler Township259.20417.14260 I-81 – Harrisburg, Wilkes-BarreSplit into exits 260A (south) and 260B (north); exit 151 on I-81
262.10421.8139262 PA 309 – Hazleton, Mountain TopAccess to Nescopeck State Park
White Haven273.00439.3540273 PA 940 / PA 437 – Freeland, White Haven
CarbonEast SideKidder Township line274.50441.7641274 PA 534 – Hickory Run State Park
Kidder Township277.20446.1142277 I-476 / Penna Turnpike NE Extension / PA 940 – Allentown, Wilkes-BarreExit 95 (Pocono) on I-476 / Penna Turnpike NE Extension
MonroeTobyhanna Township284.00457.0543284 PA 115 – Brodheadsville, BlakesleeAccess to Jack Frost Ski Resort and Pocono Raceway
TunkhannockJackson
township line
293.60472.50293 I-380 north – ScrantonSouthern terminus of I-380; exit 1 on I-380
Pocono Township298.00479.5844298 PA 611 – ScotrunWestbound exit and eastbound entrance
298.90481.0345299 PA 715 – TannersvilleWestbound entrance via Sullivan Trail; access to Camelback Mountain Resort and Big Pocono State Park
Hamilton Township302.80487.3146302A PA 33 south to US 209 south – SnydersvilleEastbound exit and westbound entrance
302B PA 611 – BartonsvilleSigned as exit 302 westbound
Stroud Township304.90490.6947303Ninth Street (PA 611)Eastbound exit and westbound entrance
305.50491.6546A304 US 209 south to PA 33 south – SnydersvilleWestbound exit and eastbound entrance;
west end of concurrency with US 209
Stroudsburg306.00492.4648305
US 209 Bus. (Main Street)
306.40493.1049306Dreher AvenueWestbound exit and eastbound entrance
307.30494.5550307 PA 611 (Park Avenue) to PA 191Eastbound exit and entrance
PA 191 (Broad Street)Westbound exit and entrance
East Stroudsburg308.30496.1651308East StroudsburgAccess via Prospect Street; access to East Stroudsburg University
Smithfield Township309.50498.0952309 US 209 north / PA 447 north – Marshalls CreekEast end of concurrency with US 209
Delaware Water Gap310.50499.7053310 PA 611 – Delaware Water Gap, Welcome CenterPotential commuter rail park & ride to New York City and Scranton via the Lackawanna Cutoff
Delaware River Toll Plaza (westbound only)
Delaware River311.07500.62Delaware Water Gap Toll Bridge
I-80 east – New JerseyContinuation into New Jersey
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Pennsylvania Highways: Interstate 80". Pahighways.com. Retrieved 2010-08-01.
  2. ^ "Route Log - Main Routes of the Eisenhower National System Of Interstate and Defense Highways - Table 1". Federal Highway Administration. Retrieved 4 October 2014.
  3. ^ a b "Interstate 80". Pennsylvania Highways. Retrieved 4 October 2014.
  4. ^ Ask the Rambler - Was I-76 Numbered to Honor Philadelphia for Independence Day, 1776?
  5. ^ Official Route Numbering for the National System of Interstate and Defense Highways as Adopted by the American Association of State Highway Officials, August 14, 1957
  6. ^ Official Route Numbering for the National System of Interstate and Defense Highways as Adopted by the American Association of State Highway Officials, Approved June 27, 1958
  7. ^ SENATE BILL No. 432, General Assembly of Pennsylvania, 1993, retrieved March 6, 2011
  8. ^ Frassinelli, Mike (June 28, 1995). "Racer Petty To Be Honored At Exit 43 Introducing 43, An Interstate 80 Exit Named For Petty". The Morning Call. Retrieved March 6, 2011.
  9. ^ Medgle, Raegan (March 7, 2011). "I-80 Bridge Collapse". WNEP-TV. Retrieved March 8, 2011.[permanent dead link]
  10. ^ Beauge, John (3 December 2014). "Gag order sought in I-80 rock-throwing case in which Ohio woman was injured". The Patriot News. Retrieved 23 April 2015.
  11. ^ a b Nussbaum, Paul (December 14, 2007). "I-80 toll plan is kicked back". The Philadelphia Inquirer.[dead link]
  12. ^ a b Nussbaum, Paul (October 17, 2007). "I-80 toll plans moving forward". The Philadelphia Inquirer.[dead link]
  13. ^ "Senate Transportation Committee". Pennsylvania Turnpike Commission. Retrieved 2007-07-13.[permanent dead link]
  14. ^ "Transportation Funding". WHP-TV. Retrieved 2007-07-19.[dead link]
  15. ^ Nussbaum, Paul (October 2, 2007). "Interest to lease turnpike is broad". The Philadelphia Inquirer. Retrieved August 13, 2016.
  16. ^ Nussbaum, Paul (October 4, 2007). "I-80 tolls not for mass transit". The Philadelphia Inquirer.[dead link]
  17. ^ "Federal Highway Administration press release, September 11, 2008". Fhwa.dot.gov. 2018-01-16. Retrieved 2018-04-04.
  18. ^ "Federal Highway Administration press release, April 6, 2010". Fhwa.dot.gov. Retrieved 2018-04-04.
  19. ^ a b "Pennsylvania Exit Numbering" (PDF). Pennsylvania Department of Transportation. Retrieved October 2, 2007.

External links

KML is from Wikidata


Interstate 80
Previous state:
Ohio
Pennsylvania Next state:
New Jersey