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International Democrat Union

International Democrat Union
International Democrat Union logo.png
International Democrat Union.svg
Countries with a party member of International Democrat Union as of September 2018
AbbreviationIDU
Formation1993
PurposeWorld federation of centre-right to right wing political parties
HeadquartersMunich, Germany
Region served
Worldwide
Membership
73
Official language
English
Chairman
Stephen Harper
Deputy Chairman
Tony Clement
Websiteidu.org

The International Democrat Union (IDU) is an international alliance of centre-right political parties. Headquartered in Munich, Germany,[1] the IDU comprises 73 full and associate members from 63 different countries.[2] It is chaired by Stephen Harper, former Prime Minister of Canada.

The IDU provides a forum in which political parties holding similar beliefs can come together and exchange views on matters of policy and organisational interest. From this, they act cooperatively, establish contacts, and present a unified voice toward the promotion of centre-right policies around the globe. The IDU has some overlap of member parties with the Centrist Democrat International (CDI), but the CDI is more centrist and communitarian than the IDU.[3]

The group was founded in 1983 as the umbrella organisation for the European Democrat Union (EDU), Caribbean Democrat Union (CDU), and the Asia Pacific Democrat Union (APDU). Created at the instigation of the Konrad Adenauer Foundation and US Vice President George H. W. Bush, the organisation was founded at a joint meeting of the EDU and APDU in London, the United Kingdom.[4]

The IDU has several regional affiliates: the Democrat Union of Africa, the Union of Latin American Parties, the Asia Pacific Democrat Union, the Caribbean Democrat Union, and the European People's Party, the Alliance of European Conservatives and Reformists[5] and the (dormant since 2002) European Democrat Union in Europe. It also has an affiliated youth wing the International Young Democrat Union led by Australian Simon Breheny[6] and an affiliated women's wing in the International Women's Democrat Union.

Founding

IDU was founded in London, on June 24, 1983.[7]

The founding declaration was signed by 19 persons:[8]

Person Party Country
Alois Mock Austrian People's Party Austria
Margaret Thatcher Conservative Party United Kingdom
Helmut Kohl Christian Democratic Union of Germany Germany
Franz-Josef Strauss Christian Social Union in Bavaria Germany
Jacques Chirac Rally for the Republic France
Andrew Peacock Liberal Party of Australia Australia
Evangelos Averoff-Tossizza New Democracy Greece
Fraga Iribarne People's Alliance Spain
Oscar Alzaga People's Democratic Party Spain
Susanne Wood New Zealand National Party New Zealand
Glafcos Clerides Democratic Rally Cyprus
Ilkka Suominen National Coalition Party Finland
Lucas Pires CDS – People's Party Portugal
Tatsuo Tanaka Liberal Democratic Party Japan
Ulf Adelsohn Moderate Party Sweden
Erik Nielsen Progressive Conservative Party of Canada Canada
Poul Schluter Conservative People's Party Denmark
Jo Benkow Conservative Party Norway
Frank Fahrenkopf Republican Party United States

Member parties

Full members

Country Party Abbr Status Period of membership
 Albania Democratic Party of Albania PD in opposition
 Australia Liberal Party of Australia Lib Senior party in coalition
 Austria Austrian People's Party ÖVP Senior party in coalition
 Argentina Republican Proposal PRO Senior party in coalition
 Azerbaijan Azerbaijan National Independence Party AMIP in opposition
 Bolivia Social Democrat Movement Demócratas in opposition
 Bosnia and Herzegovina Party of Democratic Action SDA Senior party in coalition
Party of Democratic Progress PDP in government
 Brazil Democrats DEM junior party in government
 Bulgaria GERB GERB Senior party in coalition
Union of Democratic Forces SDS extraparliamentary opposition
 Canada Conservative Party of Canada CPC/PCC in opposition
 Chile Independent Democratic Union UDI in government
National Renewal RN in government
Taiwan Republic of China Kuomintang KMT in opposition
 Colombia Colombian Conservative Party PCC in opposition
Democratic Center CD in government
 Croatia Croatian Democratic Union HDZ in government
 Cyprus Democratic Rally DISY in government
 Czech Republic Civic Democratic Party ODS in opposition
 Denmark Conservative People's Party K Junior party in coalition
 Dominica Dominica Freedom Party DFP extraparliamentary opposition
 Dominican Republic National Progressive Force FNP in opposition
 Ecuador Social Christian Party PSC in opposition
 El Salvador Nationalist Republican Alliance ARENA in opposition
 Estonia Pro Patria Junior party in coalition
 European Union European People's Party EPP Senior party in coalition
Alliance of Conservatives and Reformists in Europe AECR In opposition
 Finland National Coalition Party Kok Junior party in coalition
 France The Republicans LR in opposition
 Georgia United National Movement UNM in opposition
Christian-Democratic Movement KDM in opposition
 Germany Christian Democratic Union CDU Senior party in coalition
Christian Social Union of Bavaria CSU Junior party in federal government coalition
 Ghana New Patriotic Party NPP in government
 Greece New Democracy ND in opposition
 Grenada New National Party NNP in government
 Guatemala Unionist Party PU in opposition
 Honduras National Party of Honduras PNH in government
 Hungary Fidesz in government
 Iceland Independence Party XD in government
 India Bharatiya Janata Party[9] BJP in government
 Israel Likud Party Likud in government since 2018[10][11]
 Jamaica Jamaica Labour Party JLP in government
 South Korea Liberty Korea Party LKP in opposition
 Lebanon Lebanese Forces LF in government
Kataeb Party Kataeb in government since September 2018
 Lithuania Homeland Union – Lithuanian Christian Democrats TS-LKD in opposition
 Macedonia Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organization – Democratic Party for Macedonian National Unity VMRO–DPMNE in opposition
 Mexico National Action Party PAN in opposition
 Maldives Maldivian Democratic Party MDP in opposition
 Moldova Liberal Democratic Party of Moldova PLDM in opposition
 Mongolia Democratic Party in opposition
 Montenegro Movement for Changes PzP in opposition
 Morocco Istiqlal Party in opposition
 New Zealand National Party Nats in opposition since 1983[12]
 Nicaragua Conservative Party PCN in opposition
 Norway Conservative Party H Senior party in coalition
 Panama Democratic Change CD in opposition
 Peru Christian People's Party PPC extraparliamentary opposition
 Portugal CDS – People's Party CDS–PP in opposition
 Saint Lucia United Workers Party (Saint Lucia) UWP in government since 2014[13]
 Serbia Serbian Progressive Party SNS in government since February 2018
 Slovenia Slovenian Democratic Party SDS in opposition
 Spain People's Party PP in opposition
 Sri Lanka United National Party UNP Junior party in coalition
 Sweden Moderate Party M in opposition
 Uganda Forum for Democratic Change FDC in opposition
 United Kingdom Conservative and Unionist Party Con in government
 United States Republican Party R/GOP in government
 Venezuela Project Venezuela PV in opposition

Associate members

Country Party Abbr Government Period of membership
 Belarus Partyja BPF PBNF extraparliamentary opposition
United Civic Party of Belarus OGP in opposition
 Cuba Cuban Democratic Directorate DDC in exile (United States)
 Georgia New Rights NRP extraparliamentary opposition
 Kenya Democratic Party DP in opposition
 Paraguay National Republican Association – Colorado Party ANR-PC in government
 Tanzania Chama cha Demokrasia na Maendeleo CHADEMA in opposition
 Ukraine All-Ukrainian Union "Fatherland" VOB in opposition

Chairmen

See also

References

  1. ^ Burnell, Peter J. (2006). Globalizing Democracy: Party Politics in Emerging Democracies. London: Taylor & Francis. p. 63. ISBN 978-0-415-40184-5.
  2. ^ International Democrat Union. "IDU Members". Idu.org. Archived from the original on 2014-07-01. Retrieved 2016-04-22.
  3. ^ Mohr, Alexander (2010). The German Political Foundations as Actors in Democracy Assistance. Boca Raton: Universal-Publishers. p. 151. ISBN 978-1-59942-331-9.
  4. ^ Goldman, Ralph Morris (2002). The Future Catches Up: Transnational Parties and Democracy. London: Taylor & Francis. p. 418. ISBN 978-0-595-22888-1.
  5. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on October 17, 2013. Retrieved October 17, 2012.
  6. ^ "IYDU-New Chairman and Board Elected". IDU. November 15, 2016. Retrieved December 11, 2016.
  7. ^ International Democrat Union, minutes of founding meeting, 1983
  8. ^ International Democrat Union, minutes of founding meeting, 1993
  9. ^ Diplomat, Akhilesh Pillalamarri, The. "India's Bharatiya Janata Party Joins Union of International Conservative Parties". The Diplomat. Retrieved 2018-04-25.
  10. ^ "Welcome to the International Democrat Union – Likud Party, Israel". International Democrat Union. 12 October 2018.
  11. ^ "Likud joins International Democratic Union". Jerusalem Post. 22 September 2018.
  12. ^ "John Key chairs International Democrat Union" "Newshub" 21/11/2014 [1]
  13. ^ United Workers Party "UWP to become full member of International Democrat Union" "St Lucia News Online" November 17, 2014 [2]

External links