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Institut de France

Institut de France
Institut de France logo.png
Institut France.jpg
The Institut de France viewed from the pont des Arts
FormationOctober 25, 1795; 223 years ago (1795-10-25)
FounderNational Convention
TypeLearned society
Location
Coordinates48°51′26.07″N 2°20′12.85″E / 48.8572417°N 2.3369028°E / 48.8572417; 2.3369028
Chancellor
Xavier Barcos (2017– )
Subsidiaries
Websiteinstitut-de-france.fr

The Institut de France (French pronunciation: ​[ɛ̃stity də fʁɑ̃s], Institute of France) is a French learned society, grouping five académies, the most[citation needed] famous of which is the Académie française.

The Institute, located in Paris, manages approximately 1,000 foundations, as well as museums and châteaux open for visit. It also awards prizes and subsidies, which amounted to a total of over 5 million for 2002.[citation needed] Most of these prizes are awarded by the Institute on the recommendation of the académies.

History

Cupola of the Institut de France
Esplanade in front of the Institut, 1898

The building was originally constructed as the Collège des Quatre-Nations by Cardinal Mazarin, as a school for students from new provinces attached to France under Louis XIV.

The Institut de France was established on 25 October 1795, by the French government.[1]

In 2017, Xavier Darcos was named the Institut de France's chancellor.[2]

Académies

A plaque on the northern wall of the Institut de France shows the ancient location of the Tour de Nesle

Influence

The Royal Society of Canada, initiated 1882, was modeled after the Institut de France and the Royal Society of London.

The Lebanese Academy of Sciences, known officially by its French name "Académie des Sciences du Liban" (ASL), is broadly fashioned after the French Academy of Sciences, with which it continues to develop joint programs.

See also

References

  1. ^ Planet, Lonely. "Institut de France in Paris, France". Lonely Planet. Retrieved 2017-12-18.
  2. ^ "Xavier Darcos devient chancelier de l'Institut de France". FIGARO (in French). 2017-12-12. Retrieved 2017-12-18.

External links