ISO 28000:2007 (Specification for security management systems for the supply chain) is an ISO standard published by International Organization for Standardization which includes requirements of a security management system particularly dealing with security assurance in the supply chain. The standard was developed by ISO/TC 8 on "Ships and maritime technology" and published in 2007. In 2015 the responsibility for the ISO 28000 series was transferred to ISO/TC 292 on "Security and resilience", who in 2019 decided to start a revision which is expected to take 3 years. A justification study for the revision has been accepted by ISO TMB (Technical Management Board).
ISO 28000:2007 was developed to codify operations of security within the broader supply chain management system. The PDCA management systems structure was adopted in developing ISO 28000:2007 to bring the elements of this standard in congruence with related standards such as ISO 9001:2000 and ISO 14001:2004.
The scope of the revised document will be changed only in so far as its new wording will be in conformity to today's way of writing standards: "[The standard] specifies requirements for a security management system, including those aspects crucial to security assurance of the supply chain".
Adopting the ISO 28000 has broad strategic, organisational and operational benefits that are realized throughout supply chains and business practices.
Benefits include, but are not limited to:
ISO 28000 was first developed as a Publicly Available Specification and published in 2005 . In 2007, ISO/PAS 28000:2005 was withdrawn and replaced by a full ISO standard under the title ISO 28000:2007. In 2014, ISO 28000:2007 was reviewed and confirmed.
The development of an international standard addressing security risk management improves the broader interface with existing enterprise risk management in a common integrated platform. This integrated approach to risk management is often employed to better coordinate cross functional risk management mechanisms, improve performance measurement, ensure continual improvement and reducing misalignment of risk management objectives between silos.
ISO 28000:2007 was developed such that organizations of varying scale could apply the standard to supply chains of various degrees of complexity.
The general rational for an organization to adopt ISO 28000:2007 pertains to:
ISO/TC 292 has established a Working Group on Supply chain security (WG 8), who will review and update the standard. ISO 28000 will be restructured to align it with other management system standards of ISO in accordance with Annex SL to support the integration of an organization's security management system with its other management systems (e.g. quality management, energy management, environmental management, information security management and business continuity management).
It is not planned to delete any of the requirements in the existing standard, nor is it planned to add new requirements, so organizations currently certified in accordance with ISO 28000 will not encounter any difficulties due to the revision.
ISO 28000 is the first of a series of ISO security management standards including: