|IRT Eastern Parkway Line|
|System||New York City Subway|
Crown Heights–Utica Avenue
|Owner||City of New York|
|Operator(s)||New York City Transit Authority|
|Number of tracks||4|
|Track gauge||4 ft 8 1⁄2 in (1,435 mm)|
|Electrification||600V DC third rail|
The Eastern Parkway Line is one of the lines of the IRT division of the New York City Subway, stretching from Downtown Brooklyn south along Flatbush Avenue and east along Eastern Parkway to Crown Heights. After passing Utica Avenue, the line rises onto an elevated structure and becomes the New Lots Line to the end at New Lots Avenue in East New York, Brooklyn. The west end of the Eastern Parkway Line is at the Joralemon Street Tunnel under the East River.
The Eastern Parkway Line to Atlantic Avenue is part of Contract 2 of the Interborough Rapid Transit Company's plan to construct an extension of the original subway, Contract 1. Contract 2 extended the original line from City Hall in Manhattan to Atlantic Avenue in Brooklyn, and the contract was signed on September 11, 1902. Construction commenced on Contract 2 on March 4, 1903. In order to cross the East River, a tunnel had to be constructed. That tunnel, the Joralemon Street Tunnel was the first underwater subway tunnel connecting Manhattan and Brooklyn and it opened on January 9, 1908, extending the subway from Bowling Green to Borough Hall. Clifford Milburn Holland served as the assistant engineer during the construction of the tunnel. It was added to the U.S. National Register of Historic Places on February 9, 2006.
On May 1, 1908, the construction of Contract 2 was completed when the line was extended from Borough Hall to Atlantic Avenue near the Flatbush Avenue LIRR station. With the opening of the IRT to Brooklyn, ridership fell off on the BRT's elevated and trolley lines over the Brooklyn Bridge with Brooklyn riders choosing to use the new subway. During the construction of the Brooklyn extension, provisions were made for future subway extensions in Brooklyn by the construction of four tracks between Borough Hall and Atlantic Avenue, and the construction of bellmouths at Fulton Street and Flatbush Avenue, at Flatbush Avenue and Lafayette Avenue, and at Atlantic Avenue and Fourth Avenue.
Due to overcrowding on the Joralemon Street Tunnel, Holland decided to build a second tunnel under Clark Street providing passengers with a direct route to travel between Brooklyn and the west side of Manhattan. Construction of the Clark Street Tunnel began on October 12, 1914, using a tunneling shield in conjunction with compressed air. The north tube was holed through on November 28, 1916. At 5,900 feet long, with about 3,100 feet underwater, the tunnel was finally opened for revenue service on April 15, 1919. The opening of the tunnel allowed access to Brooklyn via the IRT from both the East and West Sides of Manhattan.
This line was expanded as a part of the Dual Contracts from Atlantic Avenue east. The IRT Eastern Parkway Line was built from 1915 to 1918, from the section east of the Atlantic Avenue station to Utica Avenue and down the Nostrand Avenue Subway to Flatbush Avenue. On August 23, 1920, the Eastern Parkway Line was extended from Atlantic Avenue to Utica Avenue. The new lines would be served by trains from Seventh Avenue. Trains operated via the express track between Atlantic Avenue and Franklin Avenue because of the failure of the contractor to perform work as scheduled on the local stations. On October 10, 1920, the three stations that were not ready to be opened with the rest of the line, at Bergen Street, Grand Army Plaza and Eastern Parkway–Brooklyn Museum, were opened.
In August 1961, the chairman of the New York City Transit Authority, Charles Patterson, announced a $2.5 million project that would get rid of a trouble spot on the line between Nevins Street and Atlantic Avenue that slows service and backs up the IRT Division. The project was projected to take two years long and it would have involved the reconfiguration of the track layout in this area. The platforms at the two stations would be extended to accommodate 10-car trains, as opposed to the eight and nine-car trains that they could platform at the time. The tracks between the two stations would be straightened, removing some of the bend in the tracks, but not removing it entirely. The tracks were to be straightened enough to allow for the running time between the two stations to be cut by one to two minutes.
During the 1964–1965 fiscal year, the platforms at Bergen Street, Grand Army Plaza, Eastern Parkway, Nostrand Avenue and Kingston Avenue were lengthened to 525 feet to accommodate a ten-car train of 51-foot IRT cars.
The following services use part or all of the IRT Eastern Parkway Line:
|Time period||Section of line|
|local||north of Franklin Ave|
|local||no service||full line|
|express||local skips Hoyt St||north of Utica Ave (all except nights)|
full line (nights)
|express||no service||north of Franklin Ave|
The IRT Eastern Parkway Line enters Brooklyn through the Joralemon Street Tunnel from the IRT Lexington Avenue Line and continues to run under the street that the tunnel was named after, until after Borough Hall. East of Adams Street and Boerum Plaza, the IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line merges with the line and it runs under Fulton Street, then turns southeast under Flatbush Avenue, which also has the BMT Brighton Line beneath it. The first station along this segment is Nevins Street, which contains a never used lower level, and then joins Atlantic Avenue–Barclays Center, the end of the oldest section of the line. Between Bergen Street and Grand Army Plaza, the line splits around the BMT Brighton Line.
East of Grand Army Plaza, the line finally moves under its namesake, the first station serving the Brooklyn Museum. The next station is a complex near the Brooklyn Botanic Garden that serves the above ground BMT Franklin Avenue Line and the beginning of the IRT Nostrand Avenue Line, which branches off to the south shortly afterwards at Nostrand Junction. The last three stations are a two-over-two track layout with a platform on each level. Afterwards, the IRT Eastern Parkway Line ends under Ralph Avenue, one block east of its originally intended terminus, whereas the local tracks become the IRT New Lots Line, branching off to the southeast emerging from the ground near Buffalo Avenue at Lincoln Terrace Park.
|Station service legend|
|Stops all times|
|Stops all times except late nights|
|Stops late nights only|
|Stops weekdays only|
|Stops rush hours only|
|Time period details|
|Station is compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act|
|↑||Station is compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act|
in the indicated direction only
|Elevator access to mezzanine only|
|Station||Tracks||Services||Opened||Transfers and notes|
|Express tracks continue from the IRT Lexington Avenue Line Express tracks via the Joralemon Street Tunnel (4 5 )|
|↑||Borough Hall||all||4 5||January 9, 1908||2 3 (IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line)|
R (BMT Fourth Avenue Line at Court Street)
Station is ADA-accessible in the northbound direction only
|Local tracks continue from the IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line Brooklyn Branch (2 3 )|
|Hoyt Street||local||2 3||May 1, 1908|
|Nevins Street||all||2 3 4 5||May 1, 1908|
|Atlantic Avenue–Barclays Center||all||2 3 4 5||May 1, 1908||B Q (BMT Brighton Line)|
D N R W (BMT Fourth Avenue Line)
Connection to LIRR at Atlantic Terminal
|Prospect Heights||Bergen Street||local||2 3 4||October 10, 1920|
|Grand Army Plaza||local||2 3 4||October 10, 1920|
|Eastern Parkway–Brooklyn Museum||local||2 3 4||October 10, 1920|
|Crown Heights||Franklin Avenue||all||2 3 4 5||August 23, 1920||S (BMT Franklin Avenue Line at Botanic Garden)|
|IRT Nostrand Avenue Line splits from the local tracks (2 5 ) at Nostrand Junction|
|Nostrand Avenue||local||2 3 4 5||August 23, 1920||B44 Select Bus Service|
|Kingston Avenue||local||2 3 4 5||August 23, 1920|
|Crown Heights–Utica Avenue||all||2 3 4 5||August 23, 1920||B46 Select Bus Service|
|Express tracks end|
|Local tracks continue as the IRT New Lots Line (2 3 4 5 )|
* Borough Hall is accessible in the northbound direction only