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Hydrometeorology

Hydrometeorology is a branch of meteorology and hydrology that studies the transfer of water and energy between the land surface and the lower atmosphere. Hydrologists often utilize meteorologists and products produced by meteorologists when they delve into this field, as not many people have expertise in both meteorology and hydrology.[1] UNESCO[2] has several programmes and activities in place that deal with the study of natural hazards of hydrometeorological origin and the mitigation of their effects. Among these hazards are the results of natural processes or phenomena of atmospheric, hydrological or oceanographic nature such as floods, tropical cyclones, drought and desertification. Many countries have established an operational hydrometeorological capability to assist with forecasting, warning and informing the public of these developing hazards.

Operational Hydrometeorology in Practice

Rainfall forecasts for the 1932 Velasco Hurricane produced by the US Hydrometeorlogical Prediction Center (Now Weather Prediction Center)

Countries with a current operational hydrometeorology service include, among others:

References

  1. ^ Peck, Eugene L. (1978). "Hydrometeorology". Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society. 59(5): 609–612.
  2. ^ "Hydro-meteorological hazards | United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization". Unesco.org. Retrieved 2016-08-05.
  3. ^ "Flood Forecasting Centre". Ffc-environment-agency.metoffice.gov.uk. 2011-09-22. Retrieved 2014-05-28.
  4. ^ "Information nationale". Vigicrues. Retrieved 2014-05-28.
  5. ^ "Hydro-Meteorology". Imd.gov.in. Archived from the original on 2014-06-30. Retrieved 2014-05-28.
  6. ^ "Flood Forecasting Service". Sepa.org.uk. Retrieved 2014-05-28.
  7. ^ "Republic Hydrometeorological service of Serbia Kneza Višeslava 66 Beograd". Hidmet.gov.rs. 2014-05-18. Retrieved 2014-05-28.
  8. ^ "Centro Nacional de Monitoramento e Alerta de Desastres Naturais (Cemaden)". labhidro-IGEO-UFRJ. Retrieved 2017-06-29.

External links