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Hussain Shahi dynasty

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The Hussain Shahi dynasty ruled from 1494 to 1538. Alauddin Husain Shah, considered as the greatest of all the sultans of Bengal for bringing a cultural renaissance during his reign. He conquered Kamarupa, Kamata, Jajnagar, and Orissa and extended the sultanate all the way to the port of Chittagong, which witnessed the arrival of the first Portuguese merchants. Nasiruddin Nasrat Shah gave refuge to the Afghan lords during the invasion of Babur though he remained neutral.The Hindu people of Bengal gave him the titles of Nripati Tilak and jagatbhusan. He was also known as Akbar of Bengal. He encourage the translation of Sanskrit literature in Bengali. He built a famous mosque named chota sona masjid.

However, Nasrat Shah made a treaty with Babur and saved Bengal from a Mughal invasion. The last Sultan of the dynasty, who continued to rule from Sonargaon, had to contend with rising Afghan activity on his northwestern border. Eventually, the Afghans broke through and sacked the capital in 1538 where they remained for several decades until the arrival of Mughal dynasty.[1]


  1. Alauddin Husain Shah (1494–1519)
  2. Nasiruddin Nasrat Shah (1519–1533)
  3. Alauddin Firuz Shah (1533)
  4. Ghiyasuddin Mahmud Shah (1533–1538)

See also