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Hulun Lake

Hulun Lake
HulunLake.jpg
Panorama of lake with reed beds.
LocationInner Mongolia (China)
Coordinates48°58′23″N 117°26′08″E / 48.97306°N 117.43556°E / 48.97306; 117.43556
Primary inflowsKherlen River, Orshuun Gol
Primary outflowsMutnaya Protoka (temporal Argun River−Amur Basin tributary)
Catchment area33,469 km2 (12,922 sq mi)[1]
Basin countriesChina, Mongolia
Max. length90 km (56 mi)[2]
Max. width27 km (17 mi)[2]
Surface area2,339 km2 (903 sq mi)
Average depth5.7 m (19 ft)[1]
Surface elevation539 m (1,768 ft)
Official nameDalai Lake National Nature Reserve, Inner Mongolia
Designated11 January 2002
Reference no.1146[3]

Hulun Lake (simplified Chinese: 呼伦湖; traditional Chinese: 呼倫湖; pinyin: Hūlún Hú; Mongolian: hölön nuur Хөлөн нуур, lit. foot lake) or Dalai Nor[4] (Mongolian: Dalai nuur Далай нуур, lit. ocean lake), is a large lake in the Inner Mongolia region of northern China.

Geography

It is one of the five largest freshwater lakes in all of China, covering approximately 2,339 km².

The lake is not far from Manzhouli, which is on a major passenger rail-line. Although there are several villages nearby, and Manzhouli is the nearest city of notable size.

Amur Basin

In years with high precipitation, the normally exit−less endorheic lake may overflow at its northern shore, and the water will meet the Argun River (Ergune) after about 30 kilometres (19 mi). The Amur Basin of the Kherlen River−Argun/Ergune River−Amur River system has a total length of 5,052 kilometres (3,139 mi) to its river mouth on the Sea of Japan.

Economy

As in 1995 annual fish production was about 7,000 tons, 100 tons of shrimp, 4 kilograms of pearls, 1.5 million crayfish.

Hulun Lake is also one of the key reed production areas in China.[1]

Recreation

The lake and lakeshore is a tourist destination during the summer. During the other seasons there are few visitors. Hulun Lake and its wetlands are a Biosphere reserve of China.

Hulun Lake reflecting clouds and sky.
Mudflats and boat near the lakeshore.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c LakeNet - Hulun Hu (Hulun Nur) Lake Profile
  2. ^ a b measured using Google Earth
  3. ^ "Dalai Lake National Nature Reserve, Inner Mongolia". Ramsar Sites Information Service. Retrieved 25 April 2018.
  4. ^ Berkey, Charles Peter; Morris, Frederick Kuhne; Central Asiatic Expeditions (1921-1930), Central Asiatic (1924). "Basin structures in Mongolia. Bulletin of the AMNH ; v. 51, article 5". Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History. 51: 105. The great basin of the Gobi contains many minor basins, which we are calling "talas," from a Mongol word for an open steppe-country (Fig.3). The following talas may be demonstrated: the Dalai Nor tala, now draining through the Argun river to the Amur; the Iren tala; the Gashuin Nor, or Edsin Gol tala; the Kisin or Shargin tala; the Khara and Dzapkhin, or Kirghiz Nor tala, in which are the cities of Kobdo and Uliassutai; the Tez, or Ubsa Nor tala. Each tala has its own local interior drainage and is bounded by inconspicuous warp divides or by mountain ranges, or both, separating it from neighboring areas of similar habit.

External links

Media related to Hulun Lake at Wikimedia Commons