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PredecessorChizhi Shizhu Hou
Died195 (aged 44–45)
Traditional Chinese呼廚泉
Simplified Chinese呼厨泉

Huchuquan was the last chanyu (r. 195–216) of the Southern Xiongnu during the late Eastern Han dynasty and Three Kingdoms period of China.[1] He was a younger brother of the Xiongnu chanyu in exile, Yufuluo.


After his brother died in 195, Huchuquan attempted to regain his position as Chanyu of the Southern Xiongnu but was driven back by the same people who had ousted his brother. He came to serve under Yuan Shang in 202 and was defeated by Cao Cao's officer Zhong Yao, after which he surrendered. Huchuquan was kept as an honored prisoner at Ye and attended Cao Pi's accession ceremony in 220. No new chanyu was proclaimed after Huchuquan's death.[2]

The last vestiges of the Xiongnu were split into five divisions and settled in Taiyuan Commandery under the supervision of Yufuluo's son Liu Bao and niece Liu Qubei.[2]

The Xiongnu went on to found three of the short lived Sixteen Kingdoms: Former Zhao (304–329), Northern Liang (397–439), and Xia (407–431). Later Zhao (319–351) was also founded by one of the 19 Southern Xiongnu tribes, but was of Yuezhi descent.[3]

See also


  1. ^ Grousset (1970), pp. 55-56.
  2. ^ a b Crespigny 2007, p. 357.
  3. ^ Barfield 1989, p. 129.


  • Barfield, Thomas (1989), The Perilous Frontier: Nomadic Empires and China, Basil Blackwell
  • Bichurin, N.Ya. (1851). Collection of information on peoples in Central Asia in ancient times. 1. Saint Petersburg.
  • Chang, Chun-shu (2007), The Rise of the Chinese Empire 1, The University of Michigan Press
  • Cosmo, Nicola Di (2002), Ancient China and Its Enemies, Cambridge University Press
  • Cosmo, Nicola di (2009), Military Culture in Imperial China, Harvard University Press
  • Crespigny, Rafe de (2007), A Biographical Dictionary of Later Han to the Three Kingdoms, Brill
  • Grousset, Rene (1970). The Empire of the Steppes. Rutgers University Press. ISBN 0-8135-1304-9.
  • Loewe, Michael (2000), A Biographical Dictionary of the Qin, Former Han, and Xin Periods, Brill
  • Taskin B.S., "Materials on Sünnu history", Science, Moscow, 1968, p. 31 (In Russian)
  • Whiting, Marvin C. (2002), Imperial Chinese Military History, Writers Club Press