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Howrah–New Jalpaiguri line

Howrah–New Jalpaiguri line
Overview
Status Operational
Locale West Bengal
Termini Howrah
New Jalpaiguri
Operation
Opened 1971
Owner Indian Railway
Operator(s) Eastern Railway, Northeast Frontier Railway
Technical
Line length 588 km (365 mi)
Track gauge 1,676 mm (5 ft 6 in) Broad gauge
Electrification

Electrified between Howrah and Pakur (ER)

Electrified between Old Malda Junction and Kumedpur Junction (NFR)
Route map

km
Darjeeling Himalayan Railway
New Jalpaiguri
588
km
Biral
India
Bangladesh
border
55
Radhikapur
48
Dalimgaon
(halt)
Aluabari Road
553
to
Eklakhi–Balurghat branch line
(under construction)
42
Kaliyaganj
32
Bangalbaree
Kishanganj
503
29
Bamangram
(halt)
to Itahar (under construction)
22
Raiganj
15
Jhitkia
(halt)
Dalkolha
475
11
Kachna
5
Dachna
(halt)
Barsoi
445
0
Mukuria
440
Bhawanipur Bihar
436
Azamnagar Road
431
Khurial
425
Bhabangaon (halt)
Kumedpur
417
Dilli Dewan Ganj
27
Labha
23
411
Harishchandrapur
Pranpur Road
18
405
Milangarh
Sahja
15
401
Bhaluka Road
Kuretha
11
396
Malahar
(halt)
Maniyan
6
390
Shamsi
385
Sripur
(halt)
Katihar
0
381
Kumarganj
375
Eklakhi
Adina
368
Old Maldah
361
0
5
Malda Court
16
Bulbulchandi
Malda Town
355
24
Singhabad
Gour Malda
344
Rohanpur
Jamirghata
339
Khaltipur
333
Chamagram
324
New Farakka
319
to Nalhati
217
Azimganj
Barharwa
144
Katwa
Bardhaman
40
Bandel
0
Howrah
km
km
Source: India Rail Info[1]

The Howrah–New Jalpaiguri line is a railway line connecting Howrah with New Jalpaiguri railway station in North Bengal in the Indian state of West Bengal. The line continues through North Bengal and western part of Assam to connect with Guwahati. The NaihatiBandel link allows trains from another terminus Sealdah in Calcutta to use this route. The line uses a major part of the Barharwa–Azimganj–Katwa loop. Many trains use an alternative line between Howrah and New Farakka, via Bardhaman and Barharwa. Other parts of West Bengal and Bihar are well-connected to this line. It is under the administrative jurisdiction of Eastern Railway and Northeast Frontier Railway.

Earlier development

During the British period all connections to North Bengal were through the eastern part of Bengal. From 1878, the railway route from Calcutta (now spelt Kolkata) to Siliguri was in two laps. The first lap was a 185 km journey along the Eastern Bengal State Railway from Calcutta Station (later renamed Sealdah) to Damookdeah Ghat on the southern bank of the Padma River, then across the river in a ferry and the second lap of the journey. A 336 km metre gauge line of the North Bengal Railway linked Saraghat on the northern bank of the Padma to Siliguri.[2]

The 1.8 km long Hardinge Bridge across the Padma came up in 1912. Presently, it is between the Paksey and Bheramara stations on the broad gauge line between Darshana and Parbatipur in Bangladesh.[3] In 1926 the metre gauge section north of the bridge was converted to broad gauge, and so the entire Calcutta-Siliguri route became broad gauge.[2] The route thus ran: SealdahRanaghatBheramaraHardinge BridgeIswardiSantaharHiliParabtipurNilphamariHaldibariJalpaiguriSiliguri.

Post-partition development

With the partition of India in 1947, a major portion of the Calcutta-Siliguri line ran through East Pakistan, now Bangladesh. With several rail links in Bihar, the attention was on those links, and new links were developed. However, one hurdle stood out. There was no bridge across the Ganga river even in Bihar. A generally acceptable route to Siliguri was via Sahibganj Loop to Sakrigali ghat. Across the Ganges by ferry to Manihari Ghat. Then metre gauge via Katihar and Barsoi to Kishanganj and finally narrow gauge to Sliguri.[4] In 1949 Kishanganj-Siliguri section was converted to metre gauge.[2]

In the early 1960s, when Farakka Barrage was being constructed, a far reaching change was made. Indian Railways constructed a new broad-gauge rail link from south Bengal. New Jalpaiguri, a new broad gauge station was built south of Siliguri Town.[2] The 37 km (23 mi) long 1,676 mm (5 ft 6 in) wide broad gauge line was constructed from Khejuriaghat, on the north bank of the Padma to Malda between 1959 and 1963.[5]

The 2,240 m (7,350 ft) long Farakka Barrage carries a rail-cum-road bridge across the Ganges. The rail bridge was opened in 1971 thereby linking the Barharwa-Azimganj-Katwa loop to Malda Town, New Jalpaiguri and other railway stations in North Bengal.[6]

Reorganisation in the Siliguri area

The Darjeeling Himalayan Railway came up as a narrow gauge (2 feet) railway in 1881. In 1915, it was extended up the Teesta Valley to Gielle Kola and to the south to Kishenganj.[2] In 1949 Kishanganj - Siliguri was converted from narrow-gauge to metre-gauge and extended north-east into Assam, partly along the narrow-gauge Teesta Valley route. Along with development of the metre gauge line, a new Siliguri Junction station, north of the traditional Siliguri Town station, became the main station in the area.[2] With the development of the broad gauge system and the New Jalpaiguri station, the narrow gauge DHR was extended to New Jalpaiguri.[2]

The earlier Siliguri-Kishanganj metre gauge line is now part of the Siliguri-Kishnaganj-Katihar metre gauge line. Part of the metre gauge track runs parallel to the broad gauge track and part of it has a separate route.[2]

The Siliguri-Haldibari, part of the original broad gauge Calcutta-Siliguri track via Hardinge Bridge, got delinked from the trunk route because of partition in 1947. As all the other tracks in the area were metre gauge, it was converted from broad gauge to mere gauge in the late forties. When New Jalpaiguri station came up, the line was extended to New Jalpiguri. When broad gauge lines were laid in the area, it was reconverted to broad gauge and now functions as the Haldibari-New Jalpaiguri Line.[2]

Assam link

The railway system in Assam got delinked from the rest of India in 1947.[2] In order to establish a link with Assam, the Assam Rail Link Project, connecting Kishanganj with Fakirgram was started on a war footing on 26 January 1948. A 229 km long metre gauge line was built and commissioned in two years. The Kishanganj branch of the Darjeeling Himalayan Railway was taken over and converted to metre gauge. It was connected to the North Eastern Railway network at Barsoi. The Teesta Valley Line up to Sivok was taken over and converted to metre gauge. The link spanned three major rivers - Teesta, Torsha, and Sankosh . The Kishanganj-Naxalbari section was completed on 31 July 1948, the Naxalbari-New Bagrakot section on 26 January 1950, the Madarihat-Hashimara section on 25 December 1949 and Alipurduar-Fakirgram section on 26 January 1950.

In the seventies a new broad gauge line was laid between New Jalpaiguri and Guwahati. The entire Barauni-Katihar-Guwahati line is being electrified.[7]

Branch lines

The Katihar-Barsoi-Raiganj-Radhikapur-Dinajpur-Parabatipur line is now operated on the Indian side up to Radhikapur only. The transit facility in the Radhikapur-Birol sector is virtually closed. The railway track on the Indian side has been converted to broad gauge while that on the Bangladesh side remains metre gauge.[8]

The Old Maldah-Rajshahi section is used up to Singhabad on the Indian side. Bangladesh started export of fertilizer to Nepal utilizing the Rahanpur-Singhabad transit point in November 2011.[9]

The 87.26 kilometres (54.22 mi) long EklakhiBalurghat broad gauge line was opened in 2004.[10] Extension of the Eklakhi-Balurghat branch line to Hili was announced in the Rail Budget for 2010-11.[11]

See also Barharwa-Azimganj-Katwa loop for other branch lines along this route.

Railway Electrification

On the entire stretch between Howrah to New Jalpaiguri only line between Howrah to Pakur is electrified. Electrification is proceeding on some stretches and is due to be complete in coming years and left over parts are to be completed by 2020. The electrification project between Sainthia to Pakur is also a sanctioned work and is completed in 2015. As per 2018 the left over part between PakurNew Farakka - Malda Town - Kumedpur 128 km are electrified .[12] [13]

Trains

  1. Howrah - New Jalpaiguri Shatabdi
  2. Darjeeling Mail
  3. Howrah - Malda Town Intercity Express
  4. Padatik Express
  5. Teesta Torsha Express
  6. Gour Express
  7. Kanchanjunga Express
  8. Kamrup Express
  9. Kanchan Kanya Express
  10. Uttar Banga Express

References

  1. ^ "Old Malda Singhabad Passenger 55710". India Rail Info.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "India: the complex history of the junctions at Siliguri and New Jalpaiguri". IRFCA. Retrieved 2011-11-12.
  3. ^ Chowdhury, Sifatul Quader (2012). "Hardinge Bridge". In Islam, Sirajul; Jamal, Ahmed A. Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
  4. ^ "my school i wish". Madhyamgram Re-visited after 15 years. Retrieved 2011-01-23.
  5. ^ Moonis Raza & Yash Aggarwal. "Transport Geography of India: Commodity Flow and the Regional Structure of Indian Economy". page 60. Concept Publishing Company, A-15/16 Commercial Block, Mohan Garden, New Delhi - 110059. ISBN 81-7022-089-0. Retrieved 2 May 2013.
  6. ^ Salman, Salman M. A.; Uprety, Kishor (2002). Conflict and cooperation on South Asia's international rivers: a legal perspective. World Bank Publications. pp. 135–136. ISBN 978-0-8213-5352-3. Retrieved 2011-07-05.
  7. ^ "Electrification of Barauni-Katihar-Guwahati railway section at Rs. 506 crore". Top News 7 February 2008. Retrieved 2011-11-12.
  8. ^ "Executive Summary" (PDF). Retrieved 2011-11-12.
  9. ^ "Bangladesh export to Nepal thru India resumes tomorrow". Priyo Internet Life. Archived from the original on 6 April 2012. Retrieved 12 November 2011.
  10. ^ "Opening of Eklakhi-Balurghat new line". Press Information Bureau. Retrieved 2011-12-01.
  11. ^ "Railway projects galore for Bengal". The Hindu Business Line, 26 February 2010. Retrieved 2011-12-10.
  12. ^ "Vision 2020 - A Blueprint for Railway Electrification Programme" (PDF). Indian Railways. Archived from the original (PDF) on 10 July 2012. Retrieved 4 April 2011.
  13. ^ "Brief on Railway Electrification". Central Organisation for Railway Electrification [CORE]. Archived from the original on 14 March 2011. Retrieved 2012-09-19.