|Shrine and Parish Church of the Holy Innocents|
|Location||128 West 37th Street, NYC|
|Diocese||Archdiocese of New York|
|Vicar(s)||Rev. Fr. Louis Van Thanh, Parrochial Vicar|
|Pastor(s)||Rev. Fr. James L. P. Miara, Pastor|
|The Fashion Tower (currently)|
|Architectural style||Art Deco|
|Town or city||135 W 36th St, New York|
|Country||United States of America|
|Client||Roman Catholic Archdiocese of New York|
|Design and construction|
|Architect||Emery Roth 19 West 40th Street|
The parish was established in 1866. It was formed from portions of St. Stephen the Martyr, St. Michael's, Holy Cross, Cathedral and St. Columba's parishes. The first pastor was Father John Larkin, formerly of County Galway, Ireland by way of St. Michael's. He purchased a small frame Episcopal church on the corner of Broadway and 37th St. The old name was retained and the chapel converted for use until a new church building could be constructed.  The present edifice was dedicated on February 13, 1870.
As the city rapidly expanded northward the community, known as the "Tenderloin", teemed with immigrants from Europe. In 1872, A parochial school adjoining the church was built, staffed by the Sisters of Charity. Later, the Christian Brothers were enlisted to provide instruction. By the early 1900s the area was known for newspaper publishing (The New York Herald) and theaters (The Metropolitan Opera House (39th St)). Holy Innocents was called the "actor's church". Eugene O'Neill, the playwright, was baptized in the church in 1888.
Pastor Rev. Dr. Richard Brennan transferred here in 1890 from being pastor since 1875 of St. Rose of Lima's Old Church (New York City), after the death of the former pastor, Rev. Larkin.The parish debt being paid off, the church was consecrated by Archbishop Corrigan on February 12, 1901. in 1924 the parish built a twenty-storey storage and loft building at 135-9 West 36th Street to designs by the eminent Emery Roth 19 West 40th Street for $600,000.
In addition to serving as a regional parish, the church has since 2009 been a location for daily Mass in the 1962 Roman Missal form, recognized in Pope Benedict XVI's 2007 motu proprio Summorum Pontificum as an extraordinary form of the Roman Rite. While most churches have more Masses on Sundays than on weekdays, Holy Innocents' has three Masses on Sundays (two of them in the Tridentine form), three on Saturdays (two in the post-Vatican II form), but on Monday to Friday five each day (only one in Tridentine form). uu Holy Innocents is the oldest church in the Garment District.
Designed by Patrick C. Keely in the Gothic Revival style, the cornerstone was laid on June 20, 1869. The building was constructed of Ohio and Belleville mixed stone. The interior is noted for the high altar of white marble that is surmounted by a fresco of the Crucifixion by Constantino Brumidi. The church was dedicated on Sunday, February 13, 1870; music provided by the Seventh Regiment Band.
During Father O'Farrell's tenure two side altars of Carrara marble were installed. The Church has twenty stained glass windows from Munich; however subsequent building in the area has somewhat dimmed the interior.