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|High Court of New Zealand|
|Te Kōti Matua o Aotearoa (Māori)|
|Location||Auckland, Wellington, Christchurch and other main centres|
|Authorized by||Senior Courts Act 2016|
|Decisions are appealed to||Court of Appeal of New Zealand|
|Decisions are heard for appeals from|
|Number of positions||56|
|Chief High Court Judge of New Zealand|
|Currently||The Hon Justice Venning|
|This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
The High Court of New Zealand is a superior court established in 1841. It was originally called the 'Supreme Court of New Zealand', but was renamed in 1980 to make way for the naming of a new Supreme Court of New Zealand, which first met in 2004.
The High Court has general jurisdiction and responsibility, under the Senior Courts Act 2016, as well as the High Court Rules, for the administration of justice throughout New Zealand. Jurisdiction extends over both criminal and civil matters, and deals with cases at first instance or on appeal from other courts and certain tribunals.
The High Court comprises the Chief Justice of New Zealand (who is head of the Judiciary) and up to 55 other Judges (which includes the Judges of the Supreme Court and Court of Appeal). The administrative head of the court is known as the Chief High Court Judge. Associate Judges of the High Court (formerly known as Masters) supervise the Court's preliminary processes in most civil proceedings, and have jurisdiction to deal with summary judgment applications, company liquidations, bankruptcy proceedings, and some other types of civil proceedings.
The High Court Judges and Associate Judges are based in Auckland, Wellington and Christchurch, but also travel on circuit to Whangarei, Hamilton, Rotorua, Gisborne, New Plymouth, Napier, Whanganui, Palmerston North, Nelson, Blenheim, Greymouth, Timaru, Dunedin, and Invercargill. The Court also has registries in Masterton and Tauranga.
The High Court deals with the most serious types of criminal offences that exceeds the District Court's jurisdiction. It deals with all category 4 offences such as murder, manslaughter and treason, as well as any other offence where the accused is likely to be sentenced to life imprisonment or preventive detention. Serious category 2 and 3 "protocol" offences, such as aggravated wounding with intent, kidnapping or sexual violation of a child, may be transferred from the District Court to the High Court at the request of the prosecution or defendant. Most cases are heard before a judge and jury, but may sometimes also be heard before a judge alone.
The Court generally deals only with those civil claims that exceed the jurisdiction of the District Court or other courts and tribunals, or where particularly complex issues are involved. This jurisdiction includes matters concerning admiralty, company law, bankruptcy, the administration of estates and trusts, property transfer, land valuation, and many other areas.
Rights of appeal to the High Court exist against the decisions of the District Court (except for jury trials), the Family Court, the Youth Court and the Environment Court and numerous administrative tribunals and regulatory bodies.
The following are the judges of the High Court as of June 2017:
|Geoffrey Venning||2002||Wellington||Chief High Court Judge (since 1 June 2015)|
|Paul Heath QC||2002||Auckland|
|John Fogarty QC||2003||Auckland|
|Peter Woodhouse QC||2007||Auckland|
|Alisa Duffy QC||2007||Auckland|
|Robert Dobson QC||2007||Wellington|
|Edwin Wylie QC||2008||Auckland|
|Timothy Brewer ONZM||2010||Auckland|
|Kit Toogood QC||2011||Auckland|
|David Collins QC||2012||Wellington|
|Simon Moore QC||2014||Auckland|
|Matthew Muir QC||2014||Auckland|
|Ann Hinton QC||2014||Auckland|
|Nick Davidson QC||2015||Christchurch|
|Karen Clark QC||2015||Wellington|
|Matthew Palmer QC||2015||Auckland|
|Paul Davison QC||2015||Auckland|
|Helen Cull QC||2016||Wellington|
|Christine Gordon QC||2016||Auckland|
|Peter Churchman QC||2017||Wellington|
|Gerard van Bohemen||2017||Auckland|
The Federal Court of Australia Act 1976 (Cth) and the Judicature Act 1908 (NZ) authorise the High Court to sit in Australia and the Federal Court of Australia to sit in New Zealand. Orders of the High Court sitting in Australia are enforced by the Federal Court of Australia and orders of the Federal Court sitting in New Zealand are enforced by the High Court.