Karl Hermann Konrad Burmeister (15 January 1807 – 2 May 1892) was a German Argentine zoologist, entomologist, herpetologist, and botanist. He was born in Stralsund and died in Buenos Aires. A brief biography, with particular reference to his work on phasmids was published by Bragg in 2007.
He studied medicine at
Greifswald and Halle, and in 1830 went to Berlin to qualify himself to be a teacher of natural history. He was soon after appointed an instructor in the gymnasium at Cologne. He later became a professor of zoology at the  Martin Luther University of Halle-Wittenberg from 1837 to 1861. In 1848, during the revolutionary excitement, he was sent by the city of Halle as deputy to the national assembly, and subsequently by the town of Leibnitz to the first Prussian chamber. He traveled to Brazil from 1850 to 1852 and  Argentina from 1857 to 1860, returning to Germany with zoological collections. In 1861 he went to live in Argentina, founding the Institute at the Museo Nacional in Buenos Aires.
He also headed the Academy of Sciences, formed from the scientific faculty of Argentina's National University of Córdoba.
In the field of
herpetology he described many new species of amphibians and  reptiles.
Burmeister was a critic of
Darwinism, he rejected common descent. However, he changed his views slightly on common descent in the late 1870s. In 1879 he commented that:
I am wholly convinced that the beings found in the older formations of our globe are the prototypes of contemporary beings, and in this respect, I declare myself a partisan of the hypothesis recently developed in detail, and as a natural law, by Darwin and his followers. But I must confess that their experiments have not provided me with any proof that any fundamental change in type is possible.
Florentino Ameghino described Burmeister as a "Biblical creationist", although this remains unconfirmed.
. 40 pp. Grunert, Halle. [1829.??] De insectorum systemate naturali 1832
Vol. 1, xvi+ 696 +  pp. Reimer, Berlin. [after 1832.10.31] Handbuch der Entomologie  Bericht über die Fortschritte der Entomologie 1834-35.
Arch. Naturgesch. 1(2): 7-74. 1837
Handbuch der Naturgeschichte. [Part 2] xii + pp. 369–858. Enslin, Berlin. [1837.??] 1851 u. 1853
Geologische Bilder zur Geschichte der Erde und ihrer Bewohner, 2 Volumes.- Verlag von Otto Wigand, Leipzig, 312+326pp O. Taschenberg "Karl Hermann Konrad Burmeister" Leopoldina, 29: 43-46; 62-64; 78-82; 94-97. Halle (1893)
C. Berg "Carlos Germán Conrado Burmeister. Bio (with a portrait)" Anales Museum of Natural History in Buenos Aires, 4: 315-357. Buenos Aires, Argentina (1895)
C. Berg "Carlos Germán Conrado Burmeister. Bio" Anales de la Sociedad Argentina Science, 41: 97-107. Buenos Aires, Argentina (1896)
Anonymous "Germán Burmeister, 25 † anniversary of his death" Physis, 3 (14): 305-306. Buenos Aires, Argentina (1917)
B. Houssay "The personality of German Burmeister" Physis, 19 (53): 279-283. Buenos Aires, Argentina (1942)
WITNESS Mendilaharzu "Burmeister unpublished" Deutsche Lehrerzeitung für Argentinien: 22-25. Buenos Aires, Argentina (1942)
C. Withaus "Germán Bumeister. Memorias del Museo de Entre Rios." Parana Province of Entre Rios, Argentina (1942)
G. Araoz Alfaro "A wise German in the service of Argentina, German Burmeister" Argentine-German cultural institutions, pp. 1–15. Buenos Aires, Argentina (1943)
R. Ardissone "Homage to Burmeister. Burmeister contribution to geography" Bulletin EAG, (35): 9-10. Buenos Aires, Argentina (1957)
A. Burkart "Burmeister as botanical" Revista de la Universidad Nacional de la Plata, 4: 89-95. La Plata, Buenos Aires, Argentina (1958)
M. Buraben "Germán Burmeister, his life, his work" Cultural issues Argentinas, pp. 1–95. Buenos Aires, Argentina (1968)
K. Müller "Hermann Burmeister" Die Natur, 36 (NF, 13): 136-138. Halle (1887)
M. Asua "Official support for the Physics Description de la République Argentine H. Burmeister" Quipu, 6 (3): 339-353. México (1989)
NT Auza "Germán Burmeister and Paleontological Society 1866-1868" Investigations and Trials, 46: 137-155. National History Academy. Buenos Aires, Argentina (1997)
^ Bragg, P.E. (2007) Biographies of Phasmatologists - 3. Hermann Burmeister. Phasmid Studies, 16(1): 1-4.
One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Ripley, George; Dana, Charles A., eds. (1879). . . The American Cyclopædia
^ a b
Wilson, J. G.; Fiske, J., eds. (1900). . . New York: D. Appleton. Appletons' Cyclopædia of American Biography
^ Amphibian Species of the World 5.5. research.amnh.org/vz/herpetology/amphibia.
^ The Reptile Database. www.reptile-database.org.
^ a b c Levine, Alex; Novoa, Adriana. (2012).
Darwinistas!: The Construction of Evolutionary Thought in Nineteenth Century Argentina. Brill. pp. 100-102. ISBN 978-9004221369
IPNI. . Burmeist
"Hermann Burmeister," in Tom Taylor and Michael Taylor, Aves: A Survey of the Literature of Neotropical Ornithology, Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Libraries, 2011.