The charts below show the way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Serbo-Croatian (i.e. the Bosnian, Croatian, Montenegrin and Serbian standards thereof) pronunciations in Wikipedia articles.
English approximations are in some cases very loose, and only intended to give a general idea of the pronunciation. See Serbo-Croatian phonology for a more thorough look at the sounds.
- Many Croatian and some Bosnian speakers don't make a distinction between /t͡ɕ/ and /t͡ʃ/ (⟨ć⟩ and ⟨č⟩), and between /d͡ʑ/ and /d͡ʒ/ (⟨đ⟩ and ⟨dž⟩).
- Allophone of /n/ before velar consonants.
- ⟨v⟩ is a light fricative, more precisely transcribed [ʋ̝] or [v̞]. However, it does not behave as a fricative, in that it does not devoice to *[f] before a voiceless consonant, and does not cause preceding voiceless consonants to become voiced.
- Tone marks can also be found on syllabic consonants, such as [ř̩] and [r̩̂ː]. Some articles may use the stress mark, [ˈe], which could correspond to either of the tonic accents, rising or falling, and are therefore not a complete description.
- Many speakers of Croatian and Serbian pronounce unstressed long vowels as short, with some exceptions.