^ abcdefLike in Spanish, /b/, /d/ and /ɡ/ are fricatives or approximants ([β̞, ð̞, ɣ̞]; represented here without the undertacks) in all places except after a pausa, after an /n/ or /m/, or—in the case of /d/ —after an /l/, in which contexts they are stops [b, d, ɡ], similar to English b, d, g, except that they are fully voiced in all positions, unlike their English counterparts.
^ abcdLike in Spanish, the nasal consonants/n, m, ɲ/ only contrast before vowels. Before consonants, they assimilate to the consonant's place of articulation. This is partially reflected in the orthography. Except in loanwords and proper nouns, only /n/ (that may also be produced as [ŋ] or nasalization of the preceding vowel, depending on dialect) occurs at the end of a word.
^ abLike in Spanish, the rhotic consonants/ɾ/ ‹r› and /r/ ‹rr› only contrast between vowels. Otherwise, they are in complementary distribution as ‹r›, with [r] occurring word-initially, after /l/, /n/, and /s/, and also represented here as before consonants, and word-finally (positions in which they vary); only [ɾ] is found elsewhere.