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Help:IPA/Albanian

The charts below show the way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Albanian pronunciations in Wikipedia articles. For a guide to adding IPA characters to Wikipedia articles, see {{IPA-sq}} and Wikipedia:Manual of Style/Pronunciation § Entering IPA characters.

Consonants
IPA Orthography English approximation
b b bat
c q tube
d d debt
dz x goods
xh jet
ð dh then
f f far
ɡ g go
h h hat
j j yes
ɟ gj dew
k k scar
l l lean
ɫ ll wool
m m man
n n not
ɲ nj onion
ŋ ng bang
p p spend
r rr rolled r [1]
ɾ r American hottest[1]
s s son
ʃ sh show
t t stand
ts c hats
ç[2] chin
v v van
z z zip
ʒ zh vision
θ th thin
Vowels
IPA Orthography English approximation
a a father
ɛ e bed
ə ë about
i i seed
ɔ o off (Tosk)
o American Joe (Gheg)
u u cool
y y somewhat like cute
 
Suprasegmentals
IPA Examples Explanation
ˈ gjahtar [ɟahˈtaɾ] primary stress (placed before the stressed syllable)

Notes

  1. ^ a b The contrast between flapped r and trilled rr is the same as in Spanish. English does not phonemically have either sound.
  2. ^ The letter ⟨ç⟩ is sometimes written ⟨ch⟩ due to technical limitations because of its use in English for the same sound and its analogy to the other digraphs ⟨xh⟩, ⟨sh⟩, and ⟨zh⟩. Usually, it is written simply ⟨c⟩ or, more rarely ⟨q⟩, with the context resolving any ambiguities.

References

  • "Albanian language, alphabets and pronunciation". Omniglot.com.