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Heiji (平治) was a Japanese/Chinese era name (年号,, nengō, lit. "year name") after Hōgen and before Eiryaku. This period spanned the years from April 1159 through January 1160.[1] The reigning emperor was Emperor Nijō-tennō (二条天皇).[2]

Change of era

  • January 21, 1159 Heiji gannen (平治元年): The new era name was created to mark an event or series of events. The previous era ended and a new one commenced in Hōgen 4, on the 20th day of the 4th month of 1159.[3]

Events of the Heiji era

  • January 23, 1159 (Heiji 1, the 3rd day of the 1st month ): The emperor visited his father.[4]
  • January 19–May 5, 1159 (Heiji 1, 9th-26th day of the 12th month): The "Heiji Rebellion",[5] also known as the "Heiji Insurrection" or the "Heiji War."


  1. ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Heiji" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 304, p. 304, at Google Books; n.b., Louis-Frédéric is pseudonym of Louis-Frédéric Nussbaum, see Deutsche Nationalbibliothek Authority File.
  2. ^ Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des emepereurs du japon, pp. 191-194; Brown, Delmer et al. (1979). Gukanshō, pp. 327-329; Varley, H. Paul. (1980). Jinnō Shōtōki, pp. 208-212.
  3. ^ Brown, p. 328.
  4. ^ Titsingh, p. 191.
  5. ^ Kitagawa, H. (1975), The Tale of the Heike, p. 783.


  • Brown, Delmer M. and Ichirō Ishida, eds. (1979). Gukanshō: The Future and the Past. Berkeley: University of California Press. ISBN 978-0-520-03460-0; OCLC 251325323
  • Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric and Käthe Roth. (2005). Japan encyclopedia. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. ISBN 978-0-674-01753-5; OCLC 58053128
  • Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Nihon Odai Ichiran; ou, Annales des empereurs du Japon. Paris: Royal Asiatic Society, Oriental Translation Fund of Great Britain and Ireland. OCLC 5850691
  • Varley, H. Paul. (1980). A Chronicle of Gods and Sovereigns: Jinnō Shōtōki of Kitabatake Chikafusa. New York: Columbia University Press. ISBN 9780231049405; OCLC 6042764

External links

Preceded by
Era or nengō

Succeeded by