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|UNESCO World Heritage site|
Excavated dwellings at Skara Brae, Europe's most complete Neolithic village.
|Location||Orkney, United Kingdom|
|Criteria||Cultural: (i), (ii), (iii), (iv)|
|Inscription||1999 (23rd Session)|
|Area||15 ha (37 acres)|
|Buffer zone||6,258 ha (15,460 acres)|
Heart of Neolithic Orkney refers to a group of Neolithic monuments found on the Mainland, one of the islands of Orkney, Scotland. The name was adopted by UNESCO when it proclaimed these sites as a World Heritage Site in 1999.
The site of patrimony currently consists of four sites:
Ness of Brodgar is an archaeological site between the Ring of Brodgar and the Stones of Stenness that has provided evidence of housing, decorated stone slabs, a massive stone wall with foundations, and a large building described as a Neolithic "cathedral". Although it is not part of the World Heritage Site, the Ness of Brodgar "contribute[s] greatly to our understanding of the WHS" according to Historic Scotland, which manages most of the site.
In 2008, UNESCO expressed concern about plans by the local council to "erect three large 72 metres wind turbines to the north-west of the Stones of Stenness and the Ring of Brogdar" that might damage the site.