This page uses content from Wikipedia and is licensed under CC BY-SA.

Head tie

A Ghanaian lady in Gele
An elaborate head tie worn by Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, President of Liberia
Ivoirian woman in a head-tie

A head tie is a women's cloth head scarf that is commonly worn in many parts of Southern Africa and Western Africa.

In South Africa and Namibia, the Afrikaans word doek (meaning "cloth") is used for the traditional head covering used among most elderly local women in rural areas. In other parts of the continent, terms like duku (Malawi, Ghana), dhuku (Zimbabwe), tukwi (Botswana), and gele (Nigeria) are used. The head scarf is used as an ornamental head covering or fashion accessory, or for functionality in different settings. Its uses or meaning can vary depending on the country and/or religion of those who wear it.

West Africa

In Ghana, opportunity to wear a duku usually falls on a religious day of Friday, Saturday or Sunday. This depends on whether the wearers are Muslim, Seventh-Day Adventists or Sunday church-going Christians.

In Nigeria, the head-ties are known as gele, and can be rather large and elaborate. Although the gele can be worn for day-to-day activities, the elaborate ceremonial ones are worn to weddings, special events, and church activities. It is usually made of a material that is firmer than regular cloth. When worn, especially for more elaborate events, the gele typically covers a woman's entire hair as well as her ears. The only part exposed is her face and earrings on the lower part of her earlobes. The gele is accompanied by traditional local attire that may or may not have the same pattern as the headtie itself.

Southern Africa

Malawian head-ties are usually small and conservative compared to the Nigerian style. In addition, they are worn during sleep to protect the hair.

In South African church services women may wear white "dukus" to cover their heads. At the International Pentecostal churches in South Africa, married women wear white 'dukus'.[citation needed]

The Shangaan women in Zimbabwe and South Africa wear 'dukus' as accessories.[1][2] At other social gatherings in Zimbabwe women may wear a dhuku.[2]

According to Professor Hlonipha Mokoena of the Witwatersrand Institute for Social and Economic Research,[3] historically the doek or headscarf was imposed on black women in many colonies by convention or by law as a way to control the sensuality and exoticism that “confused” white men.[4] However, 2016 saw resurgence of wearing doeks through the #FeesMustFall movement among students around South Africa.[5][6]

See also

References

  1. ^ ""Shangaan Woman"". Evan Church. Archived from the original on 10 July 2011. Retrieved 2013-10-08. 
  2. ^ a b D., Cannon (19 April 2000). "Culture of Zimbabwe". Winthrop, Iowa: East Buchanan Community School District. Archived from the original on 16 July 2004. Retrieved 8 October 2013. 
  3. ^ "Hlonipha Mokoena". WiSER. Wits Institute for Social & Economic Research, University of Witwatersrand. Retrieved 11 October 2017. 
  4. ^ Khoabane, Rea (31 January 2016). "Doeks: mark of a good woman – or a bad hair day?". Sunday Times. TimesLIVE. Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 February 2017. 
  5. ^ Khoabane, Rea (2 June 2016). "The doek - more than just a fashion statement". Sowetan LIVE. Tiso Blackstar Group. 
  6. ^ Pumza Fihlani (11 June 2016). "How South African women are reclaiming the headscarf". BBC News. Johannesburg. 

External links