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Hazaribagh district

Hazaribagh district
Location of Hazaribagh district in Jharkhand
Location of Hazaribagh district in Jharkhand
CountryIndia
StateJharkhand
DivisionNorth Chotanagpur division
HeadquartersHazaribagh
Government
 • Lok Sabha constituenciesHazaribagh (shared with Ramgarh district)
 • Vidhan Sabha constituencies5( Sadar ,Barhi ,Barkathha,Barkathha,Mandu
Area
 • Total4,313 km2 (1,665 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total1,734,005
 • Density400/km2 (1,000/sq mi)
Demographics
 • Literacy70.48%
 • Sex ratio946
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (IST)
Major highwaysNH2(GT ROAD), NH33(Lifeline of Jharkhand from Barhi{Hazaribag} to Bahragodda{Jamshedpur}) ,NH100(Bagodar to Chatra via Hazaribag)
Website[hazaribag.nic.in]

Hazaribagh district is one of the twenty-four districts of Jharkhand state, India, and Hazaribagh[1] town is the district headquarters. It is currently a part of the Red Corridor.[2]

Etymology

The district is named after its headquarters, the town of Hazaribagh. The name, Hazaribagh consists of two urdu words, hazar meaning "one thousand", and bagh meaning "garden" - so, the literal meaning of Hazaribagh is 'a city of one thousand gardens'. According to Sir John Houlton, a veteran British administrator, the town takes its name from the small villages of Okni and Hazari – shown in old maps as Ocunhazry. The last syllable in its name probably originated in a mango-grove, which formed a camping ground for troops and travellers marching along the ‘new military road’ from Kolkata to Varanasi, constructed in 1782 and the following years.[3]

History

There are ancient Cave Paintings in Isko, Hazaribagh district which are from Meso-chalcolithic period (9,000-5,000 BC).[4] There is a group of megaliths found close to Barkagaon that is about 25 km from Hazaribagh town at Punkri Barwadih, which has been proven to date back to beyond 3000 BCE.[5]

In 6 December 1972, Giridih district was split from Hazaribagh.[6] In 1999 this happened again with the creation of Chatra and Koderma.[6] Hazaribagh left Bihar when Jharkhand was formed on 15 November, 2000.[6] On 12 September, 2007, yet another district was created with Hazaribagh's territory: Ramgarh.[6]

Economy

Coal is the major mineral found in this district. This significant coal deposit reserves of this district include Charhi, Kuju, Ghato Tand and Barkagaon of North Karanpura Coalfield. The coal mines are the main source of livelihood for the residents of this district. People of this district are known to be very hard working.

Patratu and Bhurkunda was also coal mines areas of Hazaribgh but it is now in Ramgarh district.

In 2006, the Indian government named Hazaribagh one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640).[7] It is one of the 21 districts in Jharkhand currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).[7]

Administration

Blocks/Mandals

Hazaribag district consists of 16 Blocks. The following are the list of the Blocks in Hazaribagh district:

Divisions

The district is divided into two sub-divisions: Hazaribagh and Barhi. Hazaribagh sub-division comprises 11 blocks: Sadar, Hazaribagh, Katkamsandi, Bishnugarh, Barkagaon, Keredari, Ichak, Churchu, Daru, Tati Jhariya, Katkamdag and Dadi. Barhi sub-division comprises 5 blocks: Padma, Barhi, Chauparan, Barkatha and Chalkusha.

There are 5 Vidhan Sabha constituencies in this district: Barkatha, Barhi, Barkagaon, Mandu and Hazaribagh. All of these are part of Hazaribagh Lok Sabha constituency.

Demographics

According to the 2011 census, Hazaribagh district has a population of 1,734,005,[8] roughly equal to the nation of The Gambia[9] or the US state of Nebraska.[10] This gives it a ranking of 279th in India (out of a total of 640).[8] The district has a population density of 403 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,040/sq mi) .[8] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 25.75%.[8] Hazaribagh has a sex ratio of 946 females for every 1000 males,[8] and a literacy rate of 70.48%.[8]

At the time of the 2011 Census of India, 86.75% of the population in the district spoke Hindi, 7.73% Urdu, 3.48% Santali, 0.70% Maithili and 0.52% Mundari as their first language.[11]

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901241,612—    
1911264,297+0.90%
1921261,915−0.09%
1931311,227+1.74%
1941359,218+1.44%
1951397,342+1.01%
1961498,034+2.28%
1971643,086+2.59%
1981854,377+2.88%
19911,101,171+2.57%
20011,378,881+2.27%
20111,734,495+2.32%
source:[12]

Geography

See also

References

  1. ^ "Hazaribagh Road Map". www.mapsofindia.com.
  2. ^ "83 districts under the Security Related Expenditure Scheme". IntelliBriefs. 2009-12-11. Retrieved 2011-09-17.
  3. ^ Houlton, Sir John, Bihar, the Heart of India, Orient Longmans, 1949.
  4. ^ "Cave paintings lie in neglect". The Telegraph. 13 March 2008.
  5. ^ Choudhury, Indrajit Roy (3 December 2017). "Ancient megaliths of Hazaribagh".
  6. ^ a b c d Law, Gwillim (2011-09-25). "Districts of India". Statoids. Retrieved 2011-10-11.
  7. ^ a b Ministry of Panchayati Raj (September 8, 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme" (PDF). National Institute of Rural Development. Archived from the original (PDF) on April 5, 2012. Retrieved September 27, 2011.
  8. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30.
  9. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. Gambia, The 1,797,860 July 2011 est.
  10. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-30. Nebraska 1,826,341
  11. ^ 2011 Census of India, Population By Mother Tongue
  12. ^ Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901

External links