|New York City Subway station (rapid transit)|
View of the platform at Harlem–148th Street
|Address||West 149th Street & Adam Clayton Powell Jr. Boulevard|
New York, NY 10039
|Line||IRT Lenox Avenue Line|
|Services||3 (all times)|
|Transit connections||NYCT Bus: M2|
|Platforms||1 island platform|
|Opened||May 13, 1968|
|Former/other names||148th Street–Lenox Terminal|
|Passengers (2018)||1,232,448 1.9%|
|Rank||325 out of 424|
|Next west||(Terminal): 3|
|Next east||145th Street: 3|
Harlem–148th Street (also signed as 148th Street–Lenox Terminal) is a New York City Subway station on the IRT Lenox Avenue Line in Harlem, Manhattan. It serves as the northern terminal station of the 3 train at all times. The station contains two tracks and one island platform, and is located at ground level. Despite its name, Harlem–148th Street is located at the intersection of 149th Street and Adam Clayton Powell Jr. Boulevard.
Although the Lenox Avenue Line was constructed in 1904, the Harlem–148th Street station was not part of the original line. The station was first proposed in 1940, and was opened in 1967 within the confines of the preexisting Lenox Yard. The station was intended to replace 145th Street, the next stop south, as the northern terminal of the Lenox Avenue Line. However, the 145th Street station remained open as a result of community opposition.
The station's location and tracks were originally part of the Lenox Avenue Yard opened in 1904, where 3 trains are currently assigned and stored. An extension of the Lenox Avenue line to 149th or 150th Street had been proposed since the Dual Contracts of the 1910s. In 1916, an extension to 149th Street was proposed as part of a connection between the Lenox Avenue Line and the IRT Jerome Avenue Line in the Bronx (served by the 4 train).
In 1940, the New York City Board of Transportation proposed extending the IRT Lenox Avenue Line to the Bronx along the northern portion of the IRT Ninth Avenue Line, in turn connecting to the IRT Jerome Avenue Line at 167th Street. However, the tunnel from Sedgwick Avenue to Anderson–Jerome Avenues was built to elevated-railway standards, whose "open" third rails, which did not have any protective covers on top, were shorter than the subway's "covered" third rails. Another issue was that the Ninth Avenue Line could not carry subway cars, as it was only strong enough to carry the lighter elevated cars. These incompatibilities prevented the connection from being built.
In 1957, a station at 150th Street within the Lenox Yard was proposed to better serve the local area (including the nearby Harlem River Houses). The station, and the Bronx extension, had been requested by local citizens since the 1940s due to unreliable bus and surface trolley service. The station was later moved to 149th Street due to Lenox Yard's downsizing in the 1960s, with the land sold to the developers that would build the Frederick Douglas Academy and the Esplanade Gardens apartment complex above the yard and station.
The new terminal, upon completion, was intended to replace the former terminal at 145th Street station due to the proximity of switches that prevented that station's lengthening to accommodate ten-car trains. However, plans to shut down 145th Street were cancelled due to protests from local residents. 148th Street Station opened on May 13, 1968. The project was completed at a relatively low cost because the extension made use of two existing yard tracks.[a] The station cost $1,290,000, track improvements cost $3,178,000, and signaling cost $3,553,000. The name of the station was originally planned to be 149th Street–Seventh Avenue, but because of possible confusion with 149th Street–Grand Concourse, it was changed to 148th Street–Lenox Terminal.
The station sign was reversed as Lenox Terminal–148th Street in the 1990s before reverting to its original name by 2003.
From 1995 to 2008, this station lacked full-time service, as 3 trains did not operate during late nights. Full-time service was restored on July 27, 2008.
|Fare control||Station agent, MetroCard vending machines|
|Yard tracks||No passenger service|
|Track 2||toward New Lots Avenue (Times Square–42nd Street nights) (145th Street)|
|Island platform, doors will open on the left or right|
|Track 1||toward New Lots Avenue (Times Square–42nd Street nights) (145th Street)|
|Maintenance tracks||No passenger service|
When this station opened, it supplanted 145th Street, the next stop south, as the northern terminal of the IRT Lenox Avenue Line. The station has two tracks and one island platform, and the tracks end at bumper blocks at the west end of the platform. The station is adjacent to Lenox Yard, which is used for train storage and has no maintenance facility. Due to the high ceiling, platform service information signs are hung from heavy cables.
While this station appears to be underground, it and the adjacent yard are actually at-grade. The Esplanade Gardens apartment complex is located between 147th and 149th streets while Frederick Douglass Academy High School sits between 149th and 150th Streets; both structures rest on pilotis above the station and yard. Unlike other at-grade stations, 148th Street is not ADA-accessible because there is a staircase down to platform level.
The station's only mezzanine is at the west (railroad north) end of the station. From the single island platform, a double-wide stairway leads up to a set of doors that separate the street-level station-house at Adam Clayton Powell Jr. Boulevard. There are three turnstiles and a token booth.
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