Hammersmith is a district of west London, England, located 4.3 miles (6.9 km) west-southwest of Charing Cross. It is the administrative centre of the London Borough of Hammersmith and Fulham, and identified in the London Plan as one of 35 major centres in Greater London.
It is bordered by
Shepherd's Bush to the north, Kensington to the east, Chiswick to the west, and Fulham to the south, with which it forms part of the north bank of the River Thames. It is linked by Hammersmith Bridge to Barnes in the southwest. The area is one of west London's main commercial and employment centres, and has for some decades been a major centre of London's Polish community. It is a major transport hub for west London, with two London Underground stations and a bus station at Hammersmith Broadway.
Hammersmith originally meant "(Place with) a hammer smithy or forge",
first recorded in 1294. 
Hammersmith is in the historic county of Middlesex. It was the name of a parish, and of a suburban district, within the hundred of Osselstone.  In the early 1660s, Hammersmith's first parish church, which later became  St Paul's, was built by Sir Nicholas Crispe who ran the brickworks in Hammersmith. It contained a monument to Crispe as well as a bronze bust of  King Charles I by Hubert Le Sueur. In 1696  Sir Samuel Morland was buried there. The church was completely rebuilt in 1883, but the monument and bust were transferred to the new church.
Hammersmith Bridge was first designed by William Tierney Clark, opening in 1827 as the first suspension bridge crossing the River Thames. Overloading in this original structure led to a redesign by Joseph Bazalgette, which was built over the original foundations, and reopened in 1887.  In 1984–1985 the bridge received structural support, and between 1997 and 2000 the bridge underwent major strengthening work. 
In 1745, two Scots,
James Lee and Lewis Kennedy, established the Vineyard Nursery, over six acres devoted to landscaping plants. During the next hundred and fifty years the nursery introduced many new plants to England, including fuchsia and the standard rose tree. 
Major industrial sites included the
Osram lamp factory at Brook Green, the J. Lyons factory (which at one time employed 30,000 people). During both World Wars, Waring & Gillow's furniture factory, in Cambridge Grove, became the site of aircraft manufacture.
Hammersmith Borough Council had provided the borough with electricity since the early twentieth century from Hammersmith power station. Upon
nationalisation of the electricity industry in 1948 ownership passed to the British Electricity Authority and later to the Central Electricity Generating Board. Electricity connections to the national grid rendered the 20 megawatt (MW) coal-fired power station redundant. It closed in 1965; in its final year of operation it delivered 5,462 MWh of electricity to the borough.
Hammersmith is located at the confluence of one of the arterial routes out of central London (the
A4) with several local feeder roads and a bridge over the Thames. The focal point of the district is the commercial centre (the Broadway Centre) located at this confluence, which houses a shopping centre, bus station, an Underground station and an office complex.
Stretching about 750 m (820 yd) westwards from this centre is
King Street, Hammersmith's main shopping street. Named after John King, Bishop of London, it contains a second shopping centre (  Kings Mall), many small shops, the Town Hall, the Lyric Theatre, a cinema, the Polish community centre and two hotels. King Street is supplemented by other shops along Shepherds Bush Road to the north, Fulham Palace Road to the south and Hammersmith Road to the east. Hammersmith's office activity takes place mainly to the eastern side of its centre, along Hammersmith Road and in the Ark, an office complex to the south of the flyover which traverses the area.
Charing Cross Hospital on Fulham Palace Road is a large multi-disciplinary NHS hospital with accident & emergency and teaching departments run by the Imperial College School of Medicine.
"The Ark" office building, designed by British architect Ralph Erskine and completed in 1992, has some resemblance to the hull of a sailing ship. Hammersmith Bridge Road Surgery was designed by Guy Greenfield. 
"  22 St Peter's Square" the former Royal Chiswick Laundry and Island Records HQ converted to architects studios and offices by Lifschutz Davidson Sandilands. It has a Hammersmith Society Conservation award plaque (2009) and has been included in tours in Architecture Week. 
Several of Hammersmith's pubs are  listed buildings, including the , Black Lion  , The Dove  , The George  , The Hop Poles the  , Hope and Anchor the  Salutation Inn and  , The Swan as are Hammersmith's two  parish churches, St Paul's (the town's original church, rebuilt in the 1890s) and  St Peter's, built in the 1820s.
Culture and entertainment
Dove public house - entrance in the alley that is the only surviving trace of the old Hammersmith Village. Riverside Studios is a cinema, performance space, bar and cafe. Originally film studios, Riverside Studios were used by the BBC from 1954 to 1975 for television productions. The  Lyric Hammersmith Theatre is just off King Street.
Hammersmith Apollo concert hall and theatre (formerly the Carling Hammersmith Apollo, the Hammersmith Odeon, and before that the Gaumont Cinema) is just south of the gyratory.
The former Hammersmith Palais nightclub has been demolished and the site reused as student accommodation.
The Polish Social and Cultural Association is on King Street. It contains a theatre, an art gallery and several restaurants. Its library has one of the largest collections of Polish-language books outside Poland.    
 is a riverside pub with what the The Dove listed as the smallest bar room in the world, in 2016 surviving as a small space on the right of the bar. Guinness Book of Records the pub was frequented by  Ernest Hemingway and Graham Greene; James Thomson lodged and likely wrote here. Rule Britannia The narrow alley in which it stands is the only remnant of the riverside village of Hammersmith, the bulk of which was demolished in the 1930s.  Furnivall Gardens, which lies to the east, covers the site of Hammersmith Creek and the High Bridge.
Leisure activity also takes place along Hammersmith's pedestrianised riverside, home to pubs, rowing clubs and the riverside park of Furnival Gardens. Hammersmith has a municipal park,  Ravenscourt Park, to the west of the centre. Its facilities include tennis courts, a basketball court, a bowling lawn, a paddling pool and playgrounds.
Hammersmith is the historical home of the
West London Penguin Swimming and Water Polo Club, formerly known as the Hammersmith Penguin Swimming Club.
Hammersmith Chess Club has been active in the borough since it was formed in 1962. It was initially based in  Westcott Lodge, later moving to St Paul's Church, then to Blythe House and now Lytton Hall, near West Kensington tube station.
The area is on the main A4
trunk road heading west from central London towards the M4 motorway and Heathrow Airport. The A4, a busy commuter route, passes over the area's main road junction, Hammersmith Gyratory System, on a long viaduct, the Hammersmith Flyover.  Hammersmith Bridge, the first suspension bridge over the River Thames, allows pedestrians and cyclists to cross to and from Barnes and southwest London, and previously allowed vehicular traffic but has been closed to vehicles since April 2019 for safety reasons.
The centre of Hammersmith is served by two
London Underground stations named Hammersmith: one is served by the Hammersmith & City and Circle lines and the other is served by the Piccadilly and District lines. The latter station is part of a larger office, retail and transport development, locally known as "The Broadway Centre". Hammersmith Broadway stretches from the junction of Queen Caroline Street and King Street in the west to the junction of Hammersmith Road and Butterwick in the east. It forms the north side of the gyratory system also known as Hammersmith Roundabout. The Broadway Shopping Centre includes a major bus station. The length of King Street places the westernmost shops and offices closest to Ravenscourt Park Underground station on the District line, one stop west of Hammersmith itself.
In literature and music
Hammersmith features in
Charles Dickens' as the home of the Pocket family. Pip resides with the Pockets in their house by the river and goes boating on the river. Great Expectations
 William Morris's utopian novel (1890) describes a journey up the river from Hammersmith towards News from Nowhere Oxford.
Gustav Holst composed Hammersmith, a work for military band (later rewritten for orchestra), reflecting his impressions of the area, having lived across the river in Barnes for nearly forty years. It begins with a haunting musical depiction of the River Thames flowing underneath Hammersmith Bridge. Holst taught music at  St Paul's Girls' School and composed many of his most famous works there, including his suite. A music room in the school is named after him. The Planets
T. J. Cobden Sanderson (1840–1922), artist and bookbinder 
William Tierney Clark (1783–1852), civil engineer, designer of first Hammersmith bridge 
Gustav Holst (1874–1934), composer, taught music at St Paul's Girls' School 
Leigh Hunt (1784–1859), critic, essayist, poet, and writer 
Edward Johnston (1872–1944), scholar, credited with the revival of calligraphy 
William Morris (1834–1896), artist, writer, socialist and activist 
Francis Ronalds (1788–1873), inventor, built the first working telegraph at Hammersmith Mall 
Frederic George Stephens (1827–1907), art critic 
Emery Walker (1851–1933), engraver and printer 
George Wimpey (1855–1913), stonemason 
Sir Frank Brangwyn, artist, painter, and designer, lived at Temple Lodge.  Jeanne Deroin (1805 - 1894), French socialist feminist.
Alfie Allen (born 1986), actor 
Lily Allen (born 1985), pop singer 
Bill Bailey (born 1964), comedian 
Sacha Baron Cohen (born 1971), comedian and actor 
Marcus Bent (born 1978), footballer 
Joe Calzaghe (born 1972), boxer 
Sebastian Coe (born 1956), athlete and politician 
Marie Colvin (1956–2012), journalist 
Benedict Cumberbatch (born 1976), actor 
James DeGale (born 1986), boxer 
Cara Delevingne (born 1992), model and actor * 
George Devine (1910–1966), director 
Mary Fedden (1915–2012), artist 
Ralph Fiennes (born 1962), actor 
Emilia Fox (born 1974), actor 
Rosalind Franklin (1920–1958), X-ray crystallographer  
Hugh Grant (born 1960), actor  Michael Gove (born 1967), politician 
George Groves (born 1988), boxer 
Tom Hardy (born 1977), actor 
Miranda Hart (born 1972), actor 
A. P. Herbert (1890–1971), humorist 
Jocelyn Herbert (1917–2003), stage designer 
Edward Elizabeth "Eddie" Hitler, fictional character portrayed by British actor, comedian and musician Adrian Edmondson in the BBC sitcom Bottom.
Sophie Hunter (born 1978), theatre and opera director 
James May (born 1963), television presenter 
Helen Mirren (born 1945), actor 
Maurice Murphy (1935–2010), trumpet player 
Douglas Murray (born 1979), author, journalist 
Eric Newby (1919–2006), travel writer 
Gary Numan (born 1958), musician 
Scott Overall (born 1983), marathon runner 
Stuart Pearce (born 1962), footballer 
Rosamund Pike (born 1979), actor 
Stephen Poliakoff (born 1952), playwright 
Imogen Poots (born 1989), actor 
Eric Ravilious (1903–1942), artist  
Richard Richard, fictional character portrayed by British actor and comedian Rik Mayall in the BBC sitcom Bottom.
Tony Richardson (1928–1991), theatre and film director 
Alan Rickman (1946–2016), actor 
Diana Rigg (born 1938), actress 
Vidal Sassoon (1928–2012), hairdresser 
Labi Siffre (born 1945), musician 
Luke Stoughton (born 1977), cricketer 
Estelle Swaray (born 1980), musician 
Julian Trevelyan (1910–1988), artist 
Suki Waterhouse (born 1992), actress and model 
Evelyn Whitaker (died 1929), children's writer 
Alan Wilder (born 1959), rock musician  Richard Ayoade (born 1977), actor and comedian 
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