|Hall of Sangharama Palace|
|Literal meaning||Hall of Sangharama Palace|
The Hall of Sangharama Palace is an important building in Han Chinese Buddhist temples. It is the east annex hall of the Mahavira Hall. "Sangharama" with the short form "garan" (僧伽藍摩), means "gardens of monks" (眾園). In Buddhism, it originally refers to constructing the base of monks' dormitories (僧舍) and later it refers to the general term of temples, including land and buildings.
In the Hall of Sangharama Palace, King Pasenadi, Prince Jeta and Anathapindika are enshrined. They created the grand Jetavana Vihara (祇園精舍) for the Buddha to live and preach, which was a significant contribution to the creation and spread of Buddhism. So they were regarded as Sangharama God, namely the guardian of the land.
In Chinese Buddhism, general Guan Yu in the Three Kingdoms period (220–280) is often enshrined in the Hall of Sangharama Palace. It is recorded that in the Sui dynasty (581–618), when the founder of the Tiantai school, master Zhiyi was in Yuquan Mountain in Jingzhou, Hubei, he saw many strange monsters. A deity with long beard who claimed to be Guan Yu appeared and talked to him. Zhiyi preached Buddha Dharma to him, which moved him and he finally devoted himself to Buddhism and became the Dharmapalas of Buddha. Including Guan Yu as Dharmapalas of Buddha promoted the spread of Buddhism in China.