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Hailemariam Desalegn

Hailemariam Desalegn
ኃይለማሪያም ደሳለኝ
Hailemariam Dessalegn in London, 8 June 2011.jpg
14th Prime Minister of Ethiopia
In office
20 August 2012 – 2 April 2018
Acting: 20 August 2012 – 21 September 2012
Caretaker: 15 February 2018 – 2 April 2018
PresidentGirma Wolde-Giorgis
Mulatu Teshome
Preceded byMeles Zenawi
Succeeded byAbiy Ahmed Ali
2nd Chairman of the Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front
In office
16 September 2012 – 15 February 2018[1]
DeputyDemeke Mekonnen
Preceded byMeles Zenawi
Succeeded byAbiy Ahmed Ali
Chairperson of the African Union
In office
27 January 2013 – 30 January 2014
Preceded byYayi Boni
Succeeded byMohamed Ould Abdel Aziz
Deputy Prime Minister of Ethiopia
In office
1 September 2010 – 21 September 2012
Prime MinisterMeles Zenawi
Preceded byAddisu Legese
Succeeded byDemeke Mekonnen
Debretsion Gebremichael
Muktar Kedir
Minister of Foreign Affairs
In office
1 September 2010 – 21 September 2012
Prime MinisterMeles Zenawi
Preceded bySeyoum Mesfin
Succeeded byTedros Adhanom
President of the Southern Nations, Nationalities, and People's Region
In office
12 November 2001 – March 2006
Preceded byAbate Kisho
Succeeded byShiferaw Shigute
Personal details
Born (1965-07-19) 19 July 1965 (age 53)
Boloso Sore, Ethiopian Empire
Political partySouthern Ethiopian People's Democratic Movement
Other political
affiliations
Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front
Spouse(s)Roman Tesfaye[2]
Children3
Alma materAddis Ababa University
Arba Minch University
Tampere University of Technology
Azusa Pacific University

Hailemariam Desalegn Boshe (Amharic: ኃይለማሪያም ደሳለኝ ቦሼ; born 19 July 1965) is an Ethiopian politician who served as 14th Prime Minister of Ethiopia from 2012 to 2018. He also previously served as Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs under Prime Minister Meles Zenawi from 2010 to 2012. After Meles' death in August 2012, Hailemariam succeeded him as Prime Minister, initially in an acting capacity. He was then elected as the Chair of the Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF), the ruling party, on 15 September 2012. Hailemariam also served as the Chairperson of the African Union from 2013 to 2014.

He submitted his resignation as Prime Minister of Ethiopia and EPRDF chairperson on 15 February 2018 in response to the fallout from mass protests and unrest in 2016.[4] His resignation was accepted on 11 March 2018, but he stayed in office as caretaker Prime Minister until 2 April 2018. Hailemariam is the first ruler in modern Ethiopian history to step down; previous leaders have died in office or been overthrown.[5] He said he wanted to clear the way for reforms.

Background

Early life

Hailemariam was born in 1965 in the Boloso Sore District Hombba of the Wolayita Zone in southern Ethiopia.[6] Hailemariam is of the Wolayta ethnic group of Ethiopia, the second largest in Southern Nations, Nationalities, and People's Region (SNNPR). His family belongs to the Apostolic Church of Ethiopia, a Oneness Pentecostal denomination that is not part of the mainstream Ethiopian Protestant Christianity (Pentay), which believes in Trinitarianism.[7] Married to Roman Tesfaye, he is well known to be both a religious and family man.

Education

In 1988, Hailemariam received a bachelor's degree in civil engineering from Addis Ababa University. He subsequently worked as a graduate assistant in the Arba Minch Water Technology Institute (now Arba Minch University). After two years of working in this capacity, he won a scholarship to Tampere University of Technology in Finland, where he earned a master's degree in sanitation engineering.[8] Upon his return to Ethiopia, he served in different academic and administrative capacities, including the dean of the Water Technology Institute, for 13 years. In between, he also earned an MA in Organizational Leadership at Azusa Pacific University, California, US.

Political career

Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front

In the late 1990s and early 2000s, he became seriously involved in politics as a member of the EPRDF (Ethiopia's ruling party) and became the deputy president of the SNNPR. He replaced Abate Kisho who was removed from power on corruption charges, but it is believed that Abate was demoted for supporting the anti-Meles Zenawi faction when the Tigrayan People's Liberation Front (the core of the EPRDF) split in 2000.[citation needed] Another widely accepted belief about Abate was that he was less educated and exercised poor leadership while he was in power.

President of the Southern Nations, Nationalities, and People's Region

Hailemariam was President of the SNNPR from November 2001 to March 2006 and was promoted to Deputy Prime Minister[9] and Minister of Foreign Affairs in October 2010.[10] He has been Deputy Chairman of EPRDF, Chairman of SEPDM, Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs.[11] He has served as Vice President of the SNNPR (2000–2002); President of the SNNPR (2002–2005); Member of the House of People’s Representatives (2005–present); Social Affairs Special Advisor to the PM, then Public Mobilization & Participation Special Advisor to the Prime Minister (2005–2008); Government Chief Whip, with a Ministerial portfolio (2008–2010). Party Posts: Member of the Executive Committee of the EPRDF and the SEPDM (2000–present); Chairman of the SEPDM (2002–present); Deputy Chairman of the EPRDF (since Sept 2010).

After his tenure as President of the SNNPR, Hailemariam worked in the Prime Minister's Office as the advisor on Social Affairs and Civic Organizations and Partnerships for two years. He led the team that drafted the Charities and Societies Proclamation law (CSO law) that limits the interference of international non-governmental organizations (NGOs) in local political activities. The law was adopted by the Ethiopian Parliament in 2009. He is also credited with pushing EPRDF to re-organize its structure after the contentious 2005 elections via the '1-to-5' model (one member recruits five new people - አንድ ለአምስት አደረጃጀት) that boosted the number of party members from 400,000 to five million by the 2010 elections. In 2010, Hailemariam was sworn into dual ministerial positions as Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs.

Prime Minister of Ethiopia

Appointment

Hailemariam in Closing Plenary: Africa's Next Chapter - World Economic Forum on Africa 2011

Following the death of Ethiopia's longtime Prime Minister Meles Zenawi on 20 August 2012, Deputy Prime Minister Hailemariam was appointed as the acting Premier.[12] Hailemariam became the permanent Prime Minister on 21 September 2012.

Hailemariam and Roman Tesfaye in U.S-Africa Leaders Summit dinner at the White House, Aug. 5, 2014

European Parliament President Martin Schulz, after meeting with Hailemariam, said that his desire "to strengthen democracy in the country, allowing for greater pluralism and a freer civil society, to uphold the freedoms enshrined in the Ethiopian Constitution" was clear.[13]

Ethiopia-Somalia cooperative agreements

In February 2014, Hailemariam met in Addis Ababa with a visiting delegation from Somalia led by Somali Prime Minister Abdiweli Sheikh Ahmed to discuss strengthening bilateral relations between the two countries. Hailemariam pledged his administration's continued support for the peace and stabilization efforts in Somalia, as well as its preparedness to assist in initiatives aiming to build up the Somali security forces through experience-sharing and training. He also suggested that Ethiopia and Somalia should increase bilateral trade and investment. Additionally, Hailemariam described the growing ties between both nations as a break from the counter-productive policies of past administrations, marking instead of the opening of a new chapter where mutual stability is beneficial. For his part, Ahmed commended Ethiopia's role in the ongoing peace and stabilization process in Somalia as well as its support against the Al-Shabaab militant group. He likewise welcomed the Ethiopian military's decision to join AMISOM. The meeting concluded with a tripartite Memorandum of Understanding agreeing to promote partnership and cooperation, including a cooperative agreement to develop the police force, a second cooperative agreement covering the information field, and a third cooperative agreement on the aviation sector.[14]

Economic policy

Hailemariam Desalegn has sustained economic progress in Ethiopia after the sudden death of his predecessor in 2012. He played role to complete the implementation of the Growth and Transformation Plan (GTP I) and to start with GTP II. Between 2012 and 2018, major projects like Hawassa and Mekelle industrial park, Addis Ababa Light Rail, Gilgel Gibe III Dam, the new Addis Ababa–Djibouti Railway, as well as Bahir Dar Stadium and other stadiums in Mekelle and Hawassa are completed. Hailemariam is accredited for the country’s continued rapid and double-digit economic growth, and Hailemariam led Ethiopia to partner Kenya in the ambitious USD24.5bn Lamu Port Southern Sudan-Ethiopia Transport (LAPSSET) Corridor – which includes a railway, highways, and an oil pipeline – which will provide his landlocked country and South Sudan with a new export pathway and reduce Kenya’s dependence on the heavily congested port of Mombasa. Moreover, Hailemariam has partnered Ethiopia with Djibouti to sign an agreement for a $1.55 billion fuel pipeline with developers Mining, Oil & Gas Services and Blackstone Group LP-backed Black Rhino Group. Both countries which are in the Horn of Africa signed framework agreements in September 2015 for construction of the 550-kilometer (340-mile) line to transport diesel, gasoline and jet fuel from port access in Djibouti to central Ethiopia. The joint project construction is scheduled for completion in two years. Hailemariam continued with the ambitious projects like the Ethiopian Electric Power Corporation construction of the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam, which was launched by his predecessor, Meles Zenawi. Financially, Hailemariam’s government welcomed its first sovereign credit ratings from global agencies in 2014 – a B1 from Moody’s and B ratings from both Fitch and Standard & Poor’s, which opened the door to international capital markets and foreign direct investment. However, the foreign investment capital comes from China, which has committed hundreds of millions of dollars in loans and grants to assist the government-owned corporations’ ambitious initiatives, as well as other capital intensive projects like roads, bridges and railways.

Resignation

Hailemariam Desalegn said in a televised address that he has submitted his resignation as both Ethiopia's prime minister and chairman of the country's ruling coalition.[15] His resignation makes him the first leader to do so in the country's recent history.[16]

Hailemariam's announcement comes amid a political crisis and lingering unrest in the Horn of Africa country, which has been releasing thousands of political prisoners to ease tensions.

"Unrest and a political crisis have led to the loss of lives and displacement of many,"[17] he added, however, that he will stay on as prime minister in a caretaker capacity, until the ruling Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF) and the country's parliament accept his resignation and name a new premier.

See also

References

  1. ^ "Ethiopia PM in surprise resignation". 15 February 2018 – via www.bbc.com.
  2. ^ "Hailemariam Desalegn's Biography". Durame News Online. 22 August 2012. Retrieved 14 September 2012.
  3. ^ Ethiopia: The Hailemariam Desalegn Factor. Retrieved 10 September 2012.
  4. ^ "Ethiopia PM Hailemariam Desalegn in surprise resignation". BBC News. 15 February 2018. Retrieved 15 February 2018.
  5. ^ "Ethiopians protesting state of emergency shut down capital, Oromia region - France 24". 6 March 2018.
  6. ^ Shinn, David H.; Ofcansky, Thomas P. (11 April 2013). Historical Dictionary of Ethiopia. Scarecrow Press. p. 204. ISBN 9780810874572.
  7. ^ Haustein, Jörg. "The New Prime Minister's Faith: A Look at Oneness Pentecostalism in Ethiopia" (PDF). PentecoStudies: An Interdisciplinary Journal for Research on the Pentecostal and Charismatic Movements. 12 (2): 183–204. doi:10.1558/ptcs.v12i2.183.
  8. ^ [1][dead link]
  9. ^ "Walta information center". Walta Information Center. Retrieved 3 January 2018.
  10. ^ "Opposition dismiss new 'one party' Ethiopian government", Sudan Tribune, published 6 October 2010 (accessed 17 November 2010)
  11. ^ "Oromiya, Published 13,10, 2010. (accessed in 13, 09, 2011)". Bilisummaa.com. Retrieved 2018-01-03.
  12. ^ "Ethiopian Prime Minister Meles has died: state television". Reuters. Retrieved 21 August 2012.
  13. ^ "Schulz on the meeting with Hailemariam Desalegn, Prime Minister of Ethiopia". European Parliament. 17 April 2013. Archived from the original on 21 April 2013.
  14. ^ "Ethiopia: The Prime Minister of Somalia On a Visit to Ethiopia". Government of Ethiopia. Retrieved 17 February 2014.
  15. ^ "Ethiopia prime minister Hailemariam Desalegn resigns". Aljazeera. February 15, 2018. Retrieved 2018-02-17.
  16. ^ "Four questions about the Ethiopian PM's resignation".
  17. ^ "Ethiopia prime minister Hailemariam Desalegn resigns". www.aljazeera.com. Retrieved 2018-02-17.

External links

Political offices
Preceded by
Meles Zenawi
Prime Minister of Ethiopia
2012–2018
Succeeded by
Abiy Ahmed Ali
Diplomatic posts
Preceded by
Yayi Boni
Chairperson of the African Union
2013–2014
Succeeded by
Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz