Hadhrami people الحضارم
Hadramaut Region in Yemen
Regions with significant populations Languages Hadhrami Arabic, Urdu, Bangla, Tamil (South India), Malay (Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia and Singapore), Swahili (Kenya), Somali (Somalia). Religion Islam ( ), Sunni Shafi'i, strong Sufi-orientation Judaism, Christianity, Paganism. Related ethnic groups Arabs, Arab diaspora, Arab Singaporeans, Arab Malaysians, Arab Indonesians, Chaush, Arabs in India, Sri Lankan Moors, Hyderabadi Muslims.
Hadhrami ( Arabic: حضرمي, sing.) or Hadharem (plural: الحضارم) are people inhabiting the Hadhramaut region in Yemen and their descendants in diaspora communities around the world. They speak Hadhrami Arabic an Arabic dialect with a heavy Hadramite Substrate, which belongs to the South Semitic languages.
Among the two million inhabitants of
Hadhramaut, there are 1,300 distinct tribes.
History & Diaspora
The Hadharem have a long seafaring and trading tradition that predates Semitic cultures, the Semitic Hadramites diaspora was historically the
Mofarite & Gurage mercantile Semitic pioneers in East Africa, Hadramite influence was later over shadowed by the rise of the temple of the Moon governing Sabaean Semites that saw the concentration of power switch to a governing ruling class. With Governing pressure in the South Semitic regions Hadhrami seamen navigated in large numbers all around the Indian Ocean basin, from the Horn of Africa to the Swahili Coast to the Malabar Coast and Hyderabad in South India, Sri Lanka to Maritime Southeast Asia. They were involved in many places as organizers of the Haj.
There are Hadharem communities in western Yemen and in the trading ports of the
Arab States of the Persian Gulf and the Red Sea. The money changers in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia have usually been of Hadhrami origin.
Hadhrami East Africans
South Semitic Kingdom of Hadramawt in 400 BC
The Hadhrami have long had a notable presence in the African Horn region (
Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia and Somalia). Hadhrami settlers were instrumental in helping to consolidate the Muslim community in the coastal Benadir province of Somalia, in particular. During the colonial period, disgruntled Hadhrami from the tribal wars additionally settled in various Somali towns.  They were also frequently recruited into the armies of the  Somali Sultanates.
Some Hadhrami communities also reportedly exist in
Mozambique and Comoros Madagascar.
The vast majority of the
Hadhrami Jews now live in Israel.
The Hadhrami speak
Hadhrami Arabic, a variety of Arabic, while the Diasporas that have acculturated mainly speak the local language they live in.
Awadh Saleh Sherman, Kenya, businessman
Najib Balala, Kenya, Member of Parliament
Ahmed Abdallah Mohamed Sambi, President of Comoros
Habib Salih, Lamu, Kenya, religious scholar Salim Buran Basmer, Mombasa, Kenya,
Horn of Africa
Abdurrahman Baswedan, journalist
Abu Bakar Bashir, founder of Jamaah Islamiyah
Ali Alatas, former Foreign Minister
Alwi Shihab, former Foreign Minister, special envoy to Middle East and OIC 
Anies Baswedan, scholar, former Education Minister, Governor of Jakarta (2017-)
Fadel Muhammad al-Haddar, former minister of maritime affairs and fisheries
Fuad Hassan, minister of education and culture
Hamid Algadri, a figure in Indonesian National Revolution and member of parliament
Habib Abdoe'r Rahman Alzahier, religious leader
Habib Ali al-Habshi of Kwitang, religious leader
Habib Munzir Al-Musawa, Islamic cleric
Habib Rizieq Shihab, founder of FPI
Habib Usman bin Yahya, Mufti of Batavia
Jafar Umar Thalib, founder of Laskar Jihad
Sultan Badaruddin II, sultan of Palembang
Munir Said Thalib Al-Kathiri, human rights activist
Nuruddin ar-Raniri, Islamic scholar
Quraish Shihab, Islamic scholar
Raden Saleh, Artist/painter
Said Naum, a philanthropist
Sunan Ampel, Sufi saint Sayyid Abdullah Al-Aidarus, religious leader
Habib Alwi bin Thahir al-Haddad, Mufti of Johor Bahru
Syed Muhammad Naquib al-Attas, philosopher
Syed Hussein Alatas, politician and sociologist
Abdullah bin Abdul Kadir, writer
Syed Hamid Albar, politician
Syed Jaafar Albar, politician
Syed Sheh Hassan Barakbah, judge
Syarif Masahor, warrior
Syed Mokhtar Al-Bukhary businessman
Syed Nasir Ismail, politician
Tun Habib Abdul Majid, Grand Vizier
Zeti Akhtar Aziz, Governor of Central Bank
House of Jamalullail (Perak) House of Jamalullail (Perlis)
Abdullah bin Muhammed Al-Kathiri, Politician, Businessman and Agriculturist
Ahmed Abdullah Masdoosi, Pakistan
Nuruddin ar-Raniri, Islamic scholar
Shah Jalal, Bangladesh, Sufi saint
Shah Paran, Bangladesh, Sufi saint
Subhani ba Yunus, Pakistan, actor Syed Jafar Sakaf, Karnataka, India
Sarah Bint Abdul Naser Bawazeer, Hyderabad, India
Habeeb Abdullah Ahmed Modehij
Shaikul Jamia Nizamia Padmashiri Chief Editor Of Daratul Maroof Osmania University Hyderabad, India
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