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Hacksaw Ridge

Hacksaw Ridge
Hacksaw Ridge poster.png
Theatrical release poster
Directed by Mel Gibson
Produced by
Written by
Starring
Music by Rupert Gregson-Williams
Cinematography Simon Duggan
Edited by John Gilbert
Production
companies
Distributed by
Release date
  • September 4, 2016 (2016-09-04) (Venice)
  • November 3, 2016 (2016-11-03) (Australia)
  • November 4, 2016 (2016-11-04) (United States)
Running time
139 minutes[1]
Country
  • United States
  • Australia
Language English
Budget $40 million[2][3]
Box office $164.1 million[4]

Hacksaw Ridge is a 2016 biographical war drama film about the World War II experiences of Desmond Doss, an American pacificist combat medic who was a Seventh-day Adventist Christian, refusing to carry or use a firearm or weapons of any kind. Doss became the first conscientious objector to be awarded the Medal of Honor, for service above and beyond the call of duty during the Battle of Okinawa.

The film was directed by Mel Gibson and written by Andrew Knight and Robert Schenkkan, based on an earlier documentary about Doss, and stars Andrew Garfield as Doss, with Sam Worthington, Luke Bracey, Teresa Palmer, Hugo Weaving, Rachel Griffiths and Vince Vaughn in supporting roles. It was released in the United States on November 4, 2016, received positive reviews and has grossed $163 million worldwide.[4]

Hacksaw Ridge was chosen by the American Film Institute as one of its top ten Movies of the Year[5] and has received numerous awards and nominations, including six Oscar nominations at the 89th Academy Awards, including Best Picture, Best Director and Best Actor for Garfield. It also received Golden Globe nominations for Best Picture, Best Director and Best Actor[6] and 12 AACTA Awards nominations, winning the majority, including Best Film, Best Direction, Best Original Screenplay, Best Actor for Garfield and Best Supporting Actor for Weaving.

Plot

While growing up near Lynchburg, Virginia, a young Desmond Doss nearly kills his younger brother Hal. This experience and his Seventh-day Adventist upbringing reinforce Desmond's belief in the commandment: Thou shalt not kill. Years later, Doss takes a man injured by a car to the hospital and meets a nurse, Dorothy Schutte. They enter into a relationship and Doss tells her of his desire to do medical work.

At the outbreak of World War II, Doss is motivated to enlist in the Army. His father, a troubled World War I veteran, is deeply upset by the decision. Because he is a conscientious objector, Doss intends to serve as a combat medic. Before leaving for Fort Jackson, South Carolina, he asks for Dorothy's hand in marriage and she accepts.

Doss is placed under the command of Sergeant Howell. He excels physically but becomes an outcast among his fellow soldiers for refusing to handle a rifle and train on Saturdays. Howell and Captain Glover attempt to discharge Doss for psychiatric reasons but fail. Howell then torments Doss by putting him through grueling labor, intending to get Doss to leave of his own accord. Despite being beaten one night by his fellow soldiers, he refuses to identify his attackers and continues training.

They complete basic training and are released on leave, during which Doss intends to marry Dorothy, but his refusal to carry a firearm leads to an arrest for insubordination. Dorothy visits Doss in jail and tries to convince him to plead guilty so that he can be released without charge but Doss refuses to compromise his beliefs. At his trial, Doss pleads not guilty but before he is sentenced, his father barges into the tribunal with a letter from a former commanding officer stating that his son's pacifism is protected by an Act of Congress. The charges against Doss are dropped, and he and Dorothy are married.

Doss' unit is assigned to the 77th Infantry Division and deployed to the Pacific theater. During the Battle of Okinawa, Doss' unit is informed that they are to relieve the 96th Infantry Division, which was tasked with ascending and securing the Maeda Escarpment ("Hacksaw Ridge”). In the initial fight, both sides sustain heavy losses. Meanwhile, Doss successfully saves several soldiers, including those with severe injuries. The Americans bivouac for the night and Doss spends the night in a foxhole with Smitty, a squad mate who was the first to call Doss a coward. Doss reveals that his aversion to holding a firearm stems from nearly shooting his drunken father, who threatened his mother with a gun. Smitty apologizes for doubting his courage and the two make amends.

The next morning, the Japanese launch a massive counterattack and drive the Americans off the escarpment. Smitty is killed and many Americans, including Howell and several of Doss' squad mates, are injured and left on the battlefield. Doss hears the cries of the dying soldiers and decides to run back into the carnage. He starts carrying wounded soldiers to the cliff's edge and rappelling them down by rope, each time praying to save one more. The arrival of dozens of wounded once presumed dead comes as a shock to the rest of the unit below. When day breaks, Doss rescues Howell and the two finally escape Hacksaw under enemy fire.

Captain Glover tells Doss that the men have been inspired by his miraculous efforts, and that they will not launch the next attack without him. Despite the next day being Doss' Sabbath day, he joins his fellow soldiers after finishing his prayers. With reinforcements, they turn the tide of battle. During an ambush set by Japanese soldiers feigning surrender, Doss manages to save Glover and others by knocking away enemy grenades. Doss is eventually wounded by a grenade blast, but the battle is won. Doss descends the cliff, clutching the Bible Dorothy gave him.

After rescuing over 75 soldiers at Hacksaw Ridge, Doss is awarded the Medal of Honor by President Harry S. Truman. Doss stayed married to Dorothy until her death in 1991. He died on March 23, 2006, at the age of 87.

Cast

Production

Development

The project was in development hell for 14 years.[7]

Numerous producers had tried for decades to film Doss' story, including decorated war hero Audie Murphy and Hal B. Wallis (producer of Casablanca).[8]

In 2001, after finally convincing Doss that making a movie on his remarkable life was the right thing to do, screenwriter/producer Gregory Crosby (grandson of Bing Crosby) wrote the treatment and brought the project to film producer David Permut through the early efforts of Stan Jensen of the Seventh-day Adventist Church, which ultimately led to the movie getting financed.[7]

In 2004, director Terry Benedict won the rights to make a 2004 documentary about Doss and secured dramatic rights in the process. However, Doss died in 2006, after which producer Bill Mechanic acquired and then sold the rights to Walden Media, which developed the project along with producer David Permut of Permut Presentations.[9] Co-producers of the film are Gregory Crosby and Steve Longi.[10] Walden Media insisted on a PG-13 version of the battle, then Mechanic spent years working to buy the rights back.[8][11]

After acquiring the rights, Mechanic approached Mel Gibson and wanted him to blend the concoction of violence and faith as he did with The Passion of the Christ (2004). But Gibson turned down the offer twice as he previously did with Braveheart (1995).[12]

Then nearly a decade later, Gibson finally agreed to helm the film on November 2014. The same month Andrew Garfield was also confirmed to play the role of Desmond Doss.[9]

With a budget of $40 million, the team still faced many challenges. Hacksaw Ridge became an international co-production with key players and firms located in both the United States and Australia. When Australian tax incentives were taken off the table, they had to qualify the film as Australian to receive government subsidies. Fortunately for the production, despite being American-born, Gibson's early years in Australia helped the film qualify, along with other Aussie-born cast members such as Rachel Griffiths (Doss' mother), Teresa Palmer (Doss' girlfriend/wife) and Luke Bracey (as Smitty, one of Doss' most antagonistic unit members) . Rounding out the cast are Vince Vaughn and Sam Worthington as unit leaders, and Hugo Weaving as Doss' father.[13]

On February 9, 2015, IM Global closed a deal to finance the film and also sold the film into the international markets.[14] On the same day, Lionsgate acquired the North American distribution rights to the film.[15] Chinese distribution rights were acquired by Bliss Media, a Shanghai-based film production and distribution company.[16]

Hacksaw Ridge is the first film directed by Gibson since Apocalypto in 2006,[17][18] and marks a departure from his previous films, such as Apocalypto and Braveheart, in which the protagonists acted violently.[19]

Writing

Robert Schenkkan and Randall Wallace wrote the script while Wallace was previously attached to direct the film. Andrew Knight polished the original script. Gibson's partner Bruce Davey would also produce the film along with Paul Currie.[20]

Casting

The cast – Andrew Garfield, Vince Vaughn, Sam Worthington, Luke Bracey, Teresa Palmer, Rachel Griffiths, Richard Roxburgh, Luke Pegler, Richard Pyros, Ben Mingay, Firass Dirani, Nico Cortez, Michael Sheasby, Goran Kleut, Jacob Warner, Harry Greenwood, Damien Thomlinson, Ben O’Toole, Benedict Hardie, Robert Morgan, Ori Pfeffer, Milo Gibson, and Nathaniel Buzolic, Hugo Weaving, Ryan Corr – was announced between November 2014 and October 2015.[20][21][22][23][24] The younger Doss was played by Darcy Bryce.[25]

Andrew Garfield plays Desmond Doss, a US Army medic awarded Medal of Honor by the President Harry S. Truman for saving lives during the Battle of Okinawa in World War II.[9] Garfield had high regards for Doss and venerated him for his act of bravery hailing him as a "wonderful symbol of embodying the idea of live and let live no matter what your ideology is, no matter what your value system is, just to allow other people to be who they are and allow yourself to be who you are." He found the idea of playing a real superhero (as compared to his past roles playing of Spider-Man in The Amazing Spider-Man and its sequel) much more inspiring.[26] Garfield admitted that he cried the first time he read the screenplay.[27] He visited Doss' hometown and touched his various tools.[28] Gibson was drawn to Garfield the first time he saw his performance in The Social Network.[19]

Teresa Palmer wanted to land a role in the film so badly that she auditioned via her iPhone and sent the recording to Gibson. She heard nothing back for three months, until Gibson called Palmer to tell her in a Skype chat that she landed the role of Dorothy, Doss' wife.[29]

Principal photography

Principal photography started on September 29, 2015,[18] and lasted for 59 days[30] ending in December of that year[7] and was filmed entirely in Australia.[12] The film was based at Fox Studios in Sydney after producers vigorously scouted for locations around the country.[31] Filming took place mostly in the state of New South Wales — where Gibson spent much of his early years — in and around Sydney such as in Richmond,[32] Bringelly,[33] and Oran Park.[34] He moved to the state in July 2015, two months before filming began.[35] The graveyard scene was shot at the Centennial Park Cemetery.[36] Filming in Bringelly required the team to clear over 500 hectares of land including deforesting 80 trees. This evoked the ire of certain environmentalists. However, producers had the full clearing and approval to take up such tasks after conditions were imposed to replant and rehabilitate part of the land after filming ceased.[37] According to Troy Grant, New South Wales' deputy premier and minister for the arts, the film brought in 720 jobs and US$19 million to regional and rural New South Wales.[38]

Altogether, three jeeps, two trucks and a tank were featured in the film.[12] Bulldozers and backhoes were used to transform a dairy pasture near Sydney to re-create the Okinawa battlefield. A berm had to be raised around the perimeter so cameras could turn 360 degrees without getting any eucalyptus trees in the background.[12] Gibson did not want to rely heavily on computer visual effects, either on the screen or in pre-visualizing the battle scenes. Visual effects were only used during bloody scenes like napalm-burnt soldiers.[12] During filming the war scenes, Gibson incorporated his past war-movie experiences and would yell to the actors reminding them constantly of what they were fighting for.[12]

Themes

The film is described as an anti-war film[39] with pacifist themes.[12] It also incorporates recurring religious imagery such as baptism and ascension.[2]

Historical accuracy

Doss on top of the Maeda Escarpment, May 4, 1945

After the war, Doss turned down many requests for books and films, because he was wary of whether his life, wartime experiences, and his Seventh-day Adventist beliefs would be portrayed inaccurately or sensationally. Doss' only child, Desmond Doss Jr., stated: "The reason he declined is that none of them adhered to his one requirement: that it be accurate. And I find it remarkable, the level of accuracy in adhering to the principal of the story in this movie."[40] Producer David Permut stated that they took great care in maintaining the integrity of the story as Doss was very religious.[2]

The makers of the film did change some of the details, notably the backstory about his father, the incident with the gun Doss took out of his alcoholic father's hands, and the circumstances of his first marriage.[40][41] The film also does not mention his prior combat service in the Battle of Guam and Battle of Leyte and leaves the impression that Doss' action on Okinawa took place over a period of a few days but his Medal of Honor citation covered his actions over a period of about three weeks.[40]

Music

The film's score was recorded at Abbey Road Studios in London.

The film's accompanying score was provided by Rupert Gregson-Williams and was recorded at Abbey Road Studios in London, with an orchestra of 70 musicians, and a 36-piece choir.[42]

Release

The world premiere of Hacksaw Ridge occurred on September 4, 2016,[43] at the 73rd Venice Film Festival, where it received a 10-minute standing ovation.[44] The film was released in Australia on November 3, 2016, by Icon Film Distribution and in the United States on November 4, 2016, by Summit Entertainment. The film released by Icon Film Distribution in Australia on November 3, 2016,[45] and by Lionsgate/Summit in the United States on November 4, 2016.[46] It will be released by Bliss Media in China in November,[47][48] with IM Global handling international sales.[18] and in the United Kingdom in 2017.[49]

Marketing

In August 2016, Gibson appeared in Pastor Greg Laurie's SoCal Harvest in Anaheim, California, to promote the film.[50]

Reception

Box office

As of January 23, 2017, Hacksaw Ridge has grossed $66.4 million in the United States and Canada and $97.7 million in other countries for a worldwide total of $164.1 million, against a production budget of $40 million.[4]

The film opened alongside Doctor Strange and Trolls and was projected to gross around $12 million from 2,886 theaters, and was expected to play very well among the faith-based, Midwest and Southern audiences.[51][52] It made $5.2 million on its first day and $15.2 million in its opening weekend, finishing third at the box office. The debut was on par with the $15 million opening of Gibson's last directorial effort, Apocalypto, in 2006.[53] In its second weekend the film grossed $10.8 million (a drop of just 29.1%), finishing 5th at the box office.

The film also opened successfully in China, grossing over $16 million in its first four days at the box office.[54]

Critical response

On review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes, the film has an approval rating of 86% based on 221 reviews, with an average rating of 7.2/10. The site's critical consensus reads, "Hacksaw Ridge uses a real-life pacifist's legacy to lay the groundwork for a gripping wartime tribute to faith, valor, and the courage of remaining true to one's convictions."[55] On Metacritic, which assigns a weighted average to reviews, the film has a score of 71 out of 100, based on 45 critics, indicating "generally favorable reviews".[56] CinemaScore reported that audiences gave the film an average grade of "A" on an A+ to F scale.[57]

The Milford Daily News called the film a "masterpiece", adding that it "is going to end up on many 2016 Top 10 lists, that should get Oscar nominations for Best Actor, Best Director and Best Picture."[58] Maggie Stancu of Movie Pilot wrote that "Gibson made some of his most genius directing choices in Hacksaw Ridge, and Garfield has given his best performance yet. With amazing performances by Vince Vaughn, Teresa Palmer, Sam Worthington and Hugo Weaving, it is absolutely one of 2016's must-see films."[59] Mick LaSalle of SFGate called the film "a brilliant return for Mel Gibson, which confirms his position as a director with a singular talent for spectacle and a sure way with actors."[60] In The Film Lawyers, Samar Khan called Hacksaw Ridge "fantastic" and emphasised "just how wonderful it is to have Gibson back in a more prominent position in Hollywood, hopefully with the demons of his past behind him. If Hacksaw Ridge is any indication, we are poised for a future filled with great films from the visionary director."[61] The Telegraph awarded the film four stars and added: "Hacksaw Ridge is a fantastically moving and bruising war film that hits you like a raw topside of beef in the face – a kind of primary-coloured Guernica that flourishes on a big screen with a crowd.”[62]

The Guardian also awarded the film four stars and stated that Gibson had "absolutely hit Hacksaw Ridge out of the park."[63] The Australian’s reviewer was equally positive, stating that, as a director, "Gibson’s approach is bold and fearless; this represents his best work to date behind the camera."[64] Rex Reed of Observer rated the film with four stars and called it "the best war film since Saving Private Ryan. It is violent, harrowing, heartbreaking and unforgettable."[65] Michael Smith of Tulsa World called Hacksaw Ridge a "moving character study" and praised both the direction and acting. He observed: "It’s truly remarkable how Gibson can film scenes of such heartfelt emotion with such sweet subtlety as easily as he stages some of the most vicious, visual scenes of violence that you will ever see. ... Hacksaw Ridge is beautiful and brutal, and that’s a potent combination for a movie about a man determined to serve his country, as well as his soul."[66] IGN critic Alex Welch gave the film a score of 8/10, and praising it as "one of the most successful war films of recent memory" and "at times horrifying, inspiring, and heart-wrenching."[67] Mike Ryan of Uproxx gave the film a positive review, praising Gibson's direction, and saying: "There are two moments during the second half of Mel Gibson's Hacksaw Ridge when I literally jumped out of my seat in terror. The film's depiction of war is the best I’ve seen since Saving Private Ryan."[68] Peter Travers of Rolling Stone gave the film 3.5 stars and praised it as "the best war film since Saving Private Ryan and wrote: "Thanks to some of the greatest battle scenes ever filmed, Gibson once again shows his staggering gifts as a filmmaker, able to juxtapose savagery with aching tenderness." He added: "[I]t is violent, harrowing, heartbreaking and unforgettable. And yes, it was directed by Mel Gibson. He deserves a medal, too."[69] In stark contrast, Matt Zoller Seitz for RogerEbert.com gave the film 2.5 stars and described it as "a movie at war with itself."[70] Guy Westwell, writing for The Conversation, criticized the depiction of Doss' pacifism as contributing to the jingoism of the film.[71]

Accolades

See also

References

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  2. ^ a b c Brooks Barnes (October 26, 2016). "'Hacksaw Ridge,' a Gory War Movie for Both Hawks and Doves". The New York Times. Retrieved October 27, 2016. 
  3. ^ "'Doctor Strange' To Give Booster Shot To Sleepy Fall Box Office". Deadline.com. 
  4. ^ a b c "Hacksaw Ridge (2016)". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved February 11, 2017. 
  5. ^ Hipes, Patrick (December 8, 2016). "AFI Awards: Best Of 2016 List Includes 'Silence', 'Hacksaw Ridge' & More". Deadline.com. Archived from the original on January 16, 2017. Retrieved December 8, 2016. 
  6. ^ "Golden Globes 2017: The Complete List of Nominations". The Hollywood Reporter. December 12, 2016. Retrieved December 12, 2016. 
  7. ^ a b c Michael Peabody (February 3, 2016). "Gibson's "Hacksaw Ridge" Enters Post-Production: Release Target in Time for Oscar?". Religious Liberty. Retrieved September 11, 2016. 
  8. ^ a b Don Steinberg (September 8, 2016). "'Hacksaw Ridge': An American War Hero Who Refused to Fight". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved September 18, 2016. 
  9. ^ a b c Jaafar, Ali (November 20, 2014). "Mel Gibson In Talks To Direct 'Hacksaw Ridge' With Andrew Garfield Starring In War Hero Pic". deadline.com. Retrieved November 23, 2014. 
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  12. ^ a b c d e f g Don Steinberg (October 26, 2016). "How War-Movie Veteran Mel Gibson Approached Directing 'Hacksaw Ridge'". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved October 27, 2016. 
  13. ^ "Hacksaw Ridge: Mel Gibson's Comeback". October 27, 2016. 
  14. ^ Hopewell, John (February 9, 2015). "Berlin: IM Global Sells Much of the World on 'Hacksaw Ridge'". variety.com. Retrieved February 10, 2015. 
  15. ^ McClintock, Pamela (February 9, 2015). "Berlin: Lionsgate in Final Talks for Mel Gibson's 'Hacksaw Ridge' (Exclusive)". hollywoodreporter.com. Retrieved February 10, 2015. 
  16. ^ "China's Bliss Media Takes Stake in Wild Bunch's Insiders". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 2016-03-18. 
  17. ^ Pip Bulbeck (July 30, 2015). "Mel Gibson Ready to Honor Desmond T. Doss with 'Hacksaw Ridge'". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved September 11, 2016. 
  18. ^ a b c Pip Bulbeck (September 29, 2015). "Mel Gibson's 'Hacksaw Ridge' Begins Filming". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved September 11, 2016. 
  19. ^ a b Mike Fleming Jr (September 6, 2016). "Mel Gibson On His Venice Festival Comeback Picture 'Hacksaw Ridge' – Q&A". Deadline.com. Retrieved September 11, 2016. 
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  23. ^ McNary, Dave (September 29, 2015). "First Look: Andrew Garfield and Vince Vaughn in Mel Gibson's 'Hacksaw Ridge'". variety.com. Retrieved November 9, 2015. 
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  25. ^ Anthony Lane (October 31, 2016). "THE MADNESS AND MAJESTY OF "HACKSAW RIDGE"". The New Yorker. Retrieved October 31, 2016. 
  26. ^ Ariston Anderson (September 9, 2016). "Venice: Mel Gibson, Andrew Garfield Discuss the "Strong Faith" Behind 'Hacksaw Ridge' Play Video". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved September 11, 2016. 
  27. ^ "Mel Gibson makes a comeback in war drama 'Hacksaw Ridge'". Gulf News. Retrieved October 27, 2016. 
  28. ^ "Mel Gibson on Andrew Garfield in 'Hacksaw Ridge': He Was a 'Real Superhero'". Variety. October 25, 2016. Retrieved October 28, 2016. 
  29. ^ Monique Friedlander (October 18, 2016). "'I really wanted this role': Teresa Palmer auditioned for Hacksaw Ridge via IPHONE... and waited three months to hear back from director Mel Gibson". Daily Mail. Retrieved October 18, 2016. 
  30. ^ Ethan Sacks (October 30, 2016). "Mel Gibson's war movie 'Hacksaw Ridge' may be his miracle". New York Daily News. Retrieved October 31, 2016. 
  31. ^ Garry Maddox (July 28, 2015). "Short Cuts: Mel Gibson's Hacksaw Ridge has landed, emotional opening for Melbourne festival and more from Australian film". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved September 11, 2016. 
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  33. ^ Luisa Cogno (August 3, 2016). "Mel Gibson's war movie Hacksaw Ridge filmed in Bringelly to open in cinemas in November". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved September 11, 2016. 
  34. ^ Amy Harris (August 27, 2016). "Sydney is the movie capital of Australia". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved September 11, 2016. 
  35. ^ Jason Chester (September 23, 2016). "Mel Gibson begins work on World War II drama Hacksaw Ridge as uniform-clad actors film assault course scene in Sydney". Daily Mail. Retrieved September 11, 2016. 
  36. ^ Megan Pustetto (November 24, 2015). "He means business: Mel Gibson shoots WWII drama Hacksaw Ridge in eerie Sydney graveyard... and is seen for the first time with Vince Vaughn and Andrew Garfield". Daily Mail. Retrieved September 11, 2016. 
  37. ^ Vera Bertol (October 30, 2015). "Movie set earmarked for residential development when filming done". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved September 11, 2016. 
  38. ^ Alexandra Spring (July 30, 2015). "Mel Gibson war drama Hacksaw Ridge to begin filming in NSW in September". The Guardian. Retrieved September 11, 2016. 
  39. ^ Samuel Smith (October 1, 2016). "Mel Gibson: 'Hacksaw Ridge' Is an 'Anti-War Movie'". The Christian Post. Retrieved October 10, 2016. 
  40. ^ a b c "The True Story of Hacksaw Ridge and Desmond Doss: the Medal of Honor Winner Who Never Fired a Shot". November 5, 2016. Retrieved January 14, 2017. 
  41. ^ "Hacksaw Ridge vs the True Story of Desmond Doss, Medal of Honor". Retrieved January 14, 2017. 
  42. ^ Melinda Newman (October 26, 2016). "'Hacksaw Ridge' Composer Rupert Gregson-Williams on Working With Mel Gibson; Hear Score". Billboard. Retrieved October 27, 2016. 
  43. ^ Tartaglione, Nancy (July 28, 2016). "Venice Film Festival: Lido To Launch Pics From Ford, Gibson, Malick & More As Awards Season Starts To Buzz – Full List". Deadline.com. Retrieved September 6, 2016. 
  44. ^ Nancy Tartaglione (September 5, 2016). "Mel Gibson's 'Hacksaw Ridge' Rivets With 10-Minute Ovation At World Premiere – Venice". Deadline.com. Retrieved September 11, 2016. 
  45. ^ Cogono, Luisa; Chronicle Camden, Macarthur (August 3, 2016). "Mel Gibson's war movie Hacksaw Ridge filmed in Bringelly to open in cinemas in November". Daily Telegraph. Retrieved September 6, 2016. 
  46. ^ D'Alessandro, Anthony (May 5, 2016). "Mel Gibson WWII Movie 'Hacksaw Ridge' Jumps Into November Awards Season; 'The Shack' To Open In March 2017". Deadline. Retrieved May 6, 2016. 
  47. ^ Patrick Brzeski (May 16, 2016). "China's Bliss Media Launches $150 Million Film and TV Fund". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved September 11, 2016. 
  48. ^ Patrick Frater (May 16, 2016). "China's Bliss Media Launches $150 Million Fund". Variety. Retrieved September 11, 2016. 
  49. ^ Phil De Semlyen (September 22, 2016). "Exclusive: Mel Gibson talks Hacksaw Ridge". Empire. Retrieved September 24, 2016. 
  50. ^ Jardine Malado (October 6, 2016). "Mel Gibson's new Christian film 'Hacksaw Ridge' receives 10-minute standing ovation; Movie hits U.S. theaters November 2016". The Christian Times. Retrieved October 8, 2016. 
  51. ^ Ryan Faughnder (November 1, 2016). "'Doctor Strange' is expected to draw a massive audience for Disney's Marvel Studios". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved November 2, 2016. 
  52. ^ Anthony D'Alessandro (November 1, 2016). "'Doctor Strange' To Give Booster Shot To Sleepy Fall Box Office". Deadline.com. Retrieved November 2, 2016. 
  53. ^ D'Alessandro, Anthony (November 5, 2016). "'Doctor Strange' Resuscitates Fall Box Office With $81M To $83M+ Opening – Saturday AM Update". Deadline.com. Retrieved November 5, 2016. 
  54. ^ "'Doctor Strange' to Repeat at #1 as 'Arrival', 'Almost Christmas' & 'Shut In' Hit Theaters". Box Office Mojo. 
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  56. ^ "Hacksaw Ridge reviews". Metacritic. Retrieved November 13, 2016. 
  57. ^ "CinemaScore". cinemascore.com. 
  58. ^ Ed Symkus. "MOVIE REVIEW: 'Hacksaw Ridge' is a masterpiece". Milford Daily News, 2 November 2016. Retrieved 27 December 2016. 
  59. ^ Maggie Stancu. "Why 'Hacksaw Ridge' Is One Of The Must-See Movies Of The Year". Movie Pilot, 18 November 2016. Retrieved 27 December 2016. 
  60. ^ Mick LaSalle. "Amid much gore, Mel Gibson achieves an antiwar triumph". SFGate, 3 November 2016. Retrieved 27 December 2016. 
  61. ^ Samar Khan. "Mel Gibson makes his triumphant return with the fantastic Hacksaw Ridge". The Film Lawyers. Retrieved 27 December 2016. 
  62. ^ Robbie Collin. "Hacksaw Ridge review: Mel Gibson goes to war with a bruising, fantastically moving comeback". The Telegraph, 4 November 2016. Retrieved 25 December 2016. 
  63. ^ Andrew Pulver. "Hacksaw Ridge review – Mel Gibson finds a conscience in gruesome war story". The Guardian, 4 September 2016. Retrieved 25 December 2016. 
  64. ^ David Stratton. "Film reviews: Mel Gibson's Hacksaw Ridge; The Light Between Oceans". The Australian, 5 November 2016. Retrieved 25 December 2016. 
  65. ^ Rex Reed. "Mel Gibson's 'Hacksaw Ridge' Is the Best War Film Since 'Saving Private Ryan'". Observer, 2 November 2016. Retrieved 25 December 2016. 
  66. ^ Michael Smith. "Movie review: 'Hacksaw Ridge' is moving character study and brutal". Tulsa World, 2 November 2016. Retrieved 25 December 2016. 
  67. ^ Welch, Alex (2 November 2016). "Hacksaw Ridge Review: A brutal and effective filmmaking return for Mel Gibson.". IGN. Retrieved 7 November 2016. 
  68. ^ Ryan, Mike (November 1, 2016). "Mel Gibson's 'Hacksaw Ridge' Is The Most Intense Depiction Of War Since 'Saving Private Ryan'". Uproxx. Retrieved November 7, 2016. 
  69. ^ Travers, Peter (November 2, 2016). "'Hacksaw Ridge' Review: Mel Gibson Returns With a War Movie About Peace". Rolling Stone. Retrieved November 7, 2016. 
  70. ^ Seitz, Matt Zoller (November 4, 2016). "Hacksaw Ridge". RogerEbert.com. Retrieved November 7, 2016. 
  71. ^ Westwell, Guy (January 26, 2017). "Hacksaw Ridge promised to champion pacifism – but the film is sadly just jingoistic". theconversation. Retrieved January 26, 2017. 

External links