This page uses content from Wikipedia and is licensed under CC BY-SA.

Hachinohe Castle

Hachinohe Castle
八戸城
Hachinohe, Aomori Prefecture, Japan
Hachinohe-castle-honmaruato.jpg
site of Hachinohe Castle central bailey
Hachinohe Castle 八戸城 is located in Aomori Prefecture
Hachinohe Castle 八戸城
Hachinohe Castle
八戸城
Hachinohe Castle 八戸城 is located in Japan
Hachinohe Castle 八戸城
Hachinohe Castle
八戸城
Coordinates40°30′53.1″N 141°29′16.3″E / 40.514750°N 141.487861°E / 40.514750; 141.487861
TypeHirayama-style Japanese castle
Site information
Open to
the public
yes
Conditionruins
Site history
Built1627
In useEdo period
Demolished1871
Gate of Hachinohe Castle

Hachinohe Castle (八戸城, Hachinohe-jō) was a Japanese castle that formed the administrative center of Hachinohe Domain, a feudal domain of the Nambu clan, located in the center of what is now the city of Hachinohe in Aomori Prefecture, Japan. Nothing remains of the castle today.

History

Hachinohe Castle was constructed in 1627, but styled as a jin'ya due to restrictions set by the Tokugawa Shogunate, which permitted only one castle per domain. It had two sets of concentric moats, and a two-story central structure with a barracks, but no donjon. It became the headquarters of the new Hachinohe Domain in 1664. From 1827-1829, the 8th daimyō of Hachinohe, Nambu Nobumasa, constructed a new palace in the inner bailey, as well as a martial arts training school in the second bailey. In 1838, Hachinohe Domain was upgraded in rank by the Shogunate, and for the first time Hachinohe Castle was officially styled as a “castle”.

After the Meiji Restoration, the new Meiji government ordered the destruction of all former feudal fortifications, and in compliance with this directive, all structures of Hachinohe Castle were pulled down in 1871, with the Miyagi Jinja (三八城神社) Shinto shrine erected inner bailey in its place. The site is now a public park, and nothing remains of the former castle aside from a monument and the local place names.

One gate built in 1797 from the palace has survived as a gate to the private residence of the descendants of Hachinohe Nambu clan, who received the title of viscount under the kazoku peerage system in the Meiji period. This Sumigoten Omote Gate (角御殿表門) is an Aomori Prefecture Important Cultural Property. [1]

Literature

  • Schmorleitz, Morton S. (1974). Castles in Japan. Tokyo: Charles E. Tuttle Co. pp. 144–145. ISBN 0-8048-1102-4.
  • Motoo, Hinago (1986). Japanese Castles. Tokyo: Kodansha. p. 200 pages. ISBN 0-87011-766-1.
  • Mitchelhill, Jennifer (2004). Castles of the Samurai: Power and Beauty. Tokyo: Kodansha. p. 112 pages. ISBN 4-7700-2954-3.
  • Turnbull, Stephen (2003). Japanese Castles 1540-1640. Osprey Publishing. p. 64 pages. ISBN 1-84176-429-9.

External links

Media related to Hachinohe Castle at Wikimedia Commons

Notes