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Guyuan

Guyuan
固原市 · ﻗُﻮْﻳُﻮًا شِ
Prefecture-level city
固原须弥山石窟第5窟大佛楼.JPG
Guyuan City (yellow) within Ningxia
Guyuan City (yellow) within Ningxia
Coordinates: 36°01′N 106°15′E / 36.017°N 106.250°E / 36.017; 106.250
Country People's Republic of China
Region Ningxia
Municipal seat Yuanzhou District
Area
 • Total 14,412.83 km2 (5,564.82 sq mi)
Elevation 1,777 m (5,830 ft)
Population (2007)
 • Total 1,455,200
 • Density 100/km2 (260/sq mi)
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Postal code 756000
Area code(s) (0)954
ISO 3166 code CN-NX-04
Licence plate prefixes 宁D
Website www.nxgy.gov.cn
"Cou-yuen-tcheou" and other "second-order" towns of Shaan-Gan from Du Halde's 1736 Description of China, based on reports from Jesuit missionaries

About this sound Guyuan  (Chinese: 固原; pinyin: Gùyuán) is a prefecture-level city in the Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region of the People's Republic of China. It occupies the southernmost section of the region. This is also the site of Mount Sumeru Grottoes (须弥山), which is among the ten most famous grottoes in China.[1]

Administrative divisions

Map
Name Hanzi Hanyu Pinyin Xiao'erjing Population (2003 est.) Area (km²) Density (/km²)
Yuanzhou District 原州区 Yuánzhōu Qū ﻳُﻮًاﺟِﻮْ ٿُو 490,000 1,965 99
Xiji County 西吉县 Xījí Xiàn ثِکِ ﺷِﯿًﺎ 460,000 3,985 115
Longde County 隆德县 Lóngdé Xiàn ﻟْﻮدْ ﺷِﯿًﺎ 190,000 1,269 150
Jingyuan County 泾源县 Jīngyuán Xiàn دٍﻳُﻮًا ﺷِﯿًﺎ 120,000 961 125
Pengyang County 彭阳县 Péngyáng Xiàn پْعیْا ﺷِﯿًﺎ 250,000 3,241 77

Geography and climate

Guyuan has a monsoon-influenced humid continental climate (Köppen Dwb), with long, cold, dry winters, and warm, rainier summers. With temperatures cooled by the elevation that exceeds 1,770 metres (5,810 ft), highs average slightly below freezing in January and reach only 25 °C (77 °F) in July. Much of the year's precipitation is delivered from June to September.

Climate data for Guyuan (1971−2000)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 13.1
(55.6)
18.3
(64.9)
22.8
(73)
30.1
(86.2)
31.5
(88.7)
32.2
(90)
34.6
(94.3)
33.8
(92.8)
31.5
(88.7)
24.8
(76.6)
20.2
(68.4)
14.1
(57.4)
34.6
(94.3)
Average high °C (°F) −0.4
(31.3)
2.1
(35.8)
7.4
(45.3)
15.1
(59.2)
19.9
(67.8)
23.2
(73.8)
25.0
(77)
23.7
(74.7)
18.7
(65.7)
13.0
(55.4)
6.9
(44.4)
1.5
(34.7)
13.0
(55.4)
Daily mean °C (°F) −8.1
(17.4)
−4.9
(23.2)
1.0
(33.8)
8.2
(46.8)
13.4
(56.1)
17.0
(62.6)
18.9
(66)
17.8
(64)
12.8
(55)
6.6
(43.9)
−0.3
(31.5)
−6.0
(21.2)
6.4
(43.5)
Average low °C (°F) −14.2
(6.4)
−10.6
(12.9)
−4.4
(24.1)
1.9
(35.4)
6.8
(44.2)
10.3
(50.5)
12.9
(55.2)
12.3
(54.1)
7.7
(45.9)
1.6
(34.9)
−5.5
(22.1)
−11.7
(10.9)
0.6
(33.1)
Record low °C (°F) −27
(−17)
−23.2
(−9.8)
−18.9
(−2)
−12.0
(10.4)
−6.4
(20.5)
0.1
(32.2)
4.0
(39.2)
3.1
(37.6)
−2.3
(27.9)
−11.2
(11.8)
−20.0
(−4)
−30.9
(−23.6)
−30.9
(−23.6)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 3.0
(0.118)
4.0
(0.157)
11.8
(0.465)
24.9
(0.98)
43.8
(1.724)
61.8
(2.433)
88.8
(3.496)
102.2
(4.024)
56.1
(2.209)
29.7
(1.169)
7.0
(0.276)
2.1
(0.083)
435.2
(17.134)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 2.1 2.9 4.3 3.4 5.9 8.7 12.2 11.9 8.1 4.4 2.6 1.9 68.4
Source: Weather China

Transportation

The city is served by Guyuan Liupanshan Airport, though travelers may also choose Zhongwei Xiangshan Airport and Yinchuan Hedong Airport as well. The Fuyin Expressway passes through the area on its way to the regional capital of Yinchuan.

References

External links

  • Guyuan YiZhong Middle School website
  • Afarther - A year-long commentary and photos of life in Guyuan by Allister Klingensmith