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Guishan was a disciple of Baizhang Huaihai, the Chan master whose disciples included Huangbo Xiyun, who in turn taught Linji Yixuan, founder of the Linji school. After founding the Guiyang School, Yangshan moved his school to what is now modern Jiangxi.
The Guiyang school is distinct from the other schools in many ways, notably in its use of esoteric metaphors and imagery in the school's kōans and other teachings. Hsuan Hua (April 16, 1918 – June 7, 1995) was the best-known modern representative of the Guiyang school.
(Hui-neng, Jpn. Enō)
|Nanyue Huairang (677-744)|
(Nan-yüeh Huai-jang, Jpn. Nangaku Ejō))
|Mazu Daoyi (709-788)|
(Ma-tsu Tao-i, Jpn. Baso Dōitsu)
|Baizhang Huaihai (720-814)|
(Pai-chang Huai-hai, Jpn. Hyakujō Ekai)
|Guishan Lingyou (771-853)|
(Kuei-shan Ling-yu, Jpn. Isan Reiyū)
|Yangshan Huiji (807-883)|
(Yang-shan Hui-chi, Jpn. Kyōzan Ejaku)
Over the course of Song Dynasty (960–1279), the Guiyang school, along with the Fayan and Yunmen schools were absorbed into the Linji school. Hsu Yun attempted to revive these absorbed lineages and succeeded in the case of the Guiyang school.
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