Guillemets (//, also UK: //, US: / /( ) ,, French: [ɡijmɛ]), angle quotes, angle brackets, or carets, are a pair of punctuation marks in the form of sideways double chevrons (« and »), used as quotation marks in a number of languages. Sometimes a single guillemet (‹ or ›) is used for another purpose. They are not conventionally used in the English language.
Guillemets may also be called angle, Latin, or French quotes / quotation marks. Unicode exists for single and double guillemets.
Guillemet is a diminutive of the French name Guillaume (equivalent to English William), apparently after the French printer and punchcutter Guillaume Le Bé (1525–98), though he did not invent the symbols: they first appear in a 1527 book printed by Josse Bade. Some languages derive their word for guillemets analogously: the Irish term is Liamóg, from Liam 'William' and a diminutive suffix.
Guillemets are used pointing outwards («like this») to indicate speech in these languages and regions:
Guillemets are used pointing inwards (»like this«) to indicate speech in these languages:
Guillemets are used pointing right (»like this») to indicate speech in these languages:
Macintosh users can together press ⌥ Opt+\ to type "«" and ⌥ Opt+⇧ Shift+\ to type "»" - also, ⌥ Opt+⇧ Shift+3 to type "‹" and ⌥ Opt+⇧ Shift+4 to type "›". This applies to all English-language keyboard layouts supplied with the Apple operating system, e.g. "Australian", "British", "Canadian", "Irish", "Irish Extended", "U.S." and "U.S. Extended". Other language layouts may differ. In French-language keyboard layouts ⌥ Opt+7 and ⌥ Opt+⇧ Shift+7 can be used. On Norwegian keyboards, ⌥ Opt+⇧ Shift+v for "«", and ⌥ Opt+⇧ Shift+b for "»", can be used.
For users of Unix-like operating systems running the X Window System, creation of the guillemet depends on a number of factors including the keyboard layout that is in effect. For example, with US International Keyboard layout selected a user would type Alt Gr+[ for "«" and Alt Gr+] for "»". On some configurations they can be written by typing "«" as Alt Gr+z and "»" as Alt Gr+x. These characters are standard on French Canadian keyboards and some others. With the compose key, press Compose+<+< and Compose+>+> and press Compose+.+< and Compose+.+>.
|«||Alt + 0171|
|»||Alt + 0187|
|‹||Alt + 0139|
|›||Alt + 0155|
|Unicode||Windows code pages||Character entity reference||Compose key|
|«||LEFT-POINTING DOUBLE ANGLE QUOTATION MARK||U+00AB||0171||AB||171||«||Compose+<+<|
|‹||SINGLE LEFT-POINTING ANGLE QUOTATION MARK||U+2039||8249||8B||139||‹||Compose+.+<|
|»||RIGHT-POINTING DOUBLE ANGLE QUOTATION MARK||U+00BB||0187||BB||187||»||Compose+>+>|
|›||SINGLE RIGHT-POINTING ANGLE QUOTATION MARK||U+203A||8250||9B||155||›||Compose+.+>|
Despite their names, the characters are mirrored when used in right-to-left contexts.
Microsoft Word uses guillemets when creating mail merges. Microsoft use these punctuation marks to denote a mail merge "field", such as «Title», «AddressBlock» or «GreetingLine». Then on the final printout, the guillemet-marked tags are replaced by the corresponding data outlined for that field by the user.
In Adobe Systems font software, its file format specifications, and in all fonts derived from these that contain the characters, the word is incorrectly spelled "guillemot" (a malapropism: guillemot is actually a species of seabird) in the names of the two glyphs: guillemotleft and guillemotright. Adobe acknowledges the error.
Likewise, X11 mistakenly calls them "XK_guillemotleft" and "XK_guillemotright" in the file keysymdef.h.
|Look up guillemet in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.|
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