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Greek military ranks

Modern Greek military ranks are based on Ancient Greek and Byzantine terminology.

In the army and air force, these names are often based on the unit or post that a holder of each rank usual commands. For example, a tagmatarchis is in charge of a tagma, which is derived from an Ancient Greek word translateable as "command", "order", or "class", and in modern Greek is a unit equivalent to a battalion in other armies; hence a modern tagmatarchis is a rank equivalent to major in other armies. Similarly, a lochagos normally commands a lochos (a word that originally meant "warband") , which in Ancient Greece was a 100-strong hoplite unit, but in modern Greek usage is equivalent to an infantry company. Hence a lochagos is the equivalent of a captain in other armies, and the modern Greek equivalent of an army first lieutenant is the modern neologism ypolochagos: literally, "sub-captain". Likewise, the modern Greek equivalent of a sergeant is a lochias.

The suffixes -agos and -archos (or -arches), which are often found in Greek rank names, are derived from the roots agein "to lead" and archein "to rule", respectively.

Air Force

The Hellenic Air Force, is the youngest of the three services (founded in 1930). Its rank structure and insignia are based on the British Royal Air Force.

Officer ranks

NATO code OF-10 OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1 OF(D) Student officer
Greece Greece
(Edit)
No equivalent Hellenic Air Force OF-9.svg Hellenic Air Force OF-8.svg Hellenic Air Force OF-7.svg Hellenic Air Force OF-6.svg Hellenic Air Force OF-5.svg Hellenic Air Force OF-4.svg Hellenic Air Force OF-3.svg Hellenic Air Force OF-2.svg Hellenic Air Force OF-1A.svg Hellenic Air Force OF-1B.svg No equivalent
Air Chief Marshal Air Marshal Air Vice-Marshal Air Commodore Group Captain Wing Commander Squadron Leader Flight Lieutenant Flying Officer Pilot Officer
Πτέραρχος Αντιπτέραρχος Υποπτέραρχος Ταξίαρχος Σμήναρχος Αντισμήναρχος Επισμηναγός Σμηναγός Υποσμηναγός Ανθυποσμηναγός
Transliteration Pterarchos Antipterarchos Ypopterarchos Taxiarchos Sminarchos Antisminarchos Episminagos Sminagos Yposminagos Anthyposminagos

NCO and other ranks

NATO Code OR-9 OR-8 OR-7 OR-6 OR-5 OR-4 OR-3 OR-2 OR-1
Greece Greece
(Edit)
GR-Air Force-Ανθυπασπιστής.svg GR-Air Force-Μόνιμος Αρχισμηνίας.svg GR-Air Force-Αρχισμηνίας ΕΠΟΠ.svg GR-Air Force-Μόνιμος Επισμηνίας.svg GR-Air Force-Επισμηνίας ΕΠΟΠ.svg GR-Air Force-Μόνιμος Σμηνίας.svg GR-Air Force-Σμηνίας ΕΠΟΠ.svg No equivalent GR-Air Force-Υποσμηνίας ΕΠΟΠ.svg No equivalent
GR-Air Force-Σμηνίτης ΕΠΟΠ.svg
(ΣΜΥ)
(SMY)
(ΜΕΕ-ΕΠΟΠ-ΕΜΘ)
(MEE-EPOP-EMTh)
(ΣΜΥ)
(SMY)
(ΕΠΟΠ-ΕΜΘ)
(EPOP-EMTh)
(ΣΜΥ)
(SMY)
(ΕΠΟΠ-ΕΜΘ)
(EPOP-EMTh)
(ΕΠΟΠ)
(EPOP)
(ΕΠΟΠ)
(EPOP)
Warrant Officer
Ανθυπασπιστής[note 1]
Chief Master Sergeant
Αρχισμηνίας
Master Sergeant
Επισμηνίας
Staff Sergeant
Σμηνίας
Corporal
Υποσμηνίας
Aircraftman
Σμηνίτης
Transliteration Anthypaspistis Archisminias Episminias Sminias Yposminias Sminitis
Greece Greece
(Conscripts)
No equivalent
GR-Air Force-Κληρωτός Σμηνίας.svg No equivalent
No insignia
Conscript Sergeant
Κληρωτός Σμηνίας
Conscript Aircraftman
Σμηνίτης
Transliteration Klirotos Sminias Sminitis

Army

Officer ranks

NATO code OF-10 OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1 OF(D) Student officer
Greece Greece
(Edit)
No equivalent Army-GRE-OF-09.svg Army-GRE-OF-08.svg Army-GRE-OF-07.svg Army-GRE-OF-06.svg Army-GRE-OF-05.svg Army-GRE-OF-04.svg Army-GRE-OF-03.svg Army-GRE-OF-02.svg Army-GRE-OF-01a.svg Army-GRE-OF-01b.svg GR-Army-OFD.svg No equivalent
General Lieutenant General Major General Brigadier General Colonel Lieutenant Colonel Major Captain First Lieutenant Second Lieutenant Officer Designate
Στρατηγός Αντιστράτηγος Υποστράτηγος Ταξίαρχος Συνταγματάρχης Αντισυνταγματάρχης Ταγματάρχης Λοχαγός Υπολοχαγός Ανθυπολοχαγός Δόκιμος Έφεδρος Αξιωματικός
Transliteration Stratigos Antistratigos Ypostratigos Taxiarchos Syntagmatarchis Antisyntagmatarchis Tagmatarchis Lochagos Ypolochagos Anthypolochagos Dokimos efedros aksio­matikos

NCO and other ranks

NATO Code OR-9 OR-8 OR-7 OR-6 OR-5 OR-4 OR-3 OR-2 OR-1
Greece Greece
(Edit)
Army-GRE-OR-09a.svg Army-GRE-OR-08.svg Army-GRE-OR-08b.svg Army-GRE-OR-07.svg Army-GRE-OR-07b.svg Army-GRE-OR-06a.svg Army-GRE-OR-06b.svg No equivalent Army-GRE-OR-04a.svg Army-GRE-OR-04b.svg Army-GRE-OR-03a.svg No equivalent Arm/corps insignia only
Warrant Officer Master Sergeant Staff sergeant Sergeant Corporal Lance Corporal Private
Ανθυπασπιστής[note 2] Αρχιλοχίας Επιλοχίας Λοχίας Δεκανέας Υποδεκανέας Στρατιώτης
Transliteration Anthypaspistis Archilochias Epilochias Lochias Dekaneas Ypodekaneas Stratiotis
 Greece
(Conscripts)
GR-Army-OFD.svg No equivalent
Army-GRE-OR-06c.svg No equivalent Army-GRE-OR-04c.svg GR-Army-Υποδεκανέας.svg No equivalent Army-GRE-ΥΕΒ.svg No insignia
Officer Designate
Δόκιμος Έφεδρος Αξιωματικός
Sergeant
Λοχίας
Corporal
Δεκανέας
Lance Corporal
Υποδεκανέας
Candidate Reservist Rank
Υποψήφιος Έφεδρος Βαθμοφόρος
Private
Στρατιώτης
Transliteration Dokimos Efedros Axiomatikos[note 2] Lochias Dekaneas Ypodekaneas Ypopsifios Efedros Bathmoforos Stratiotis

Navy

Officer ranks

NATO code OF-10 OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1 OF(D) Student officer
Greece Greece
(Edit)
No equivalent GR-Navy-OF9.svgGR-Navy-OF9-sleeve.svg GR-Navy-OF8.svgGR-Navy-OF8-sleeve.svg GR-Navy-OF7.svgGR-Navy-OF7-sleeve.svg GR-Navy-OF6.svgGR-Navy-OF6-sleeve.svg GR-Navy-OF5.svgGR-Navy-OF5-sleeve.svg GR-Navy-OF4.svgGR-Navy-OF4-sleeve.svg GR-Navy-OF3.svgGR-Navy-OF3-sleeve.svg GR-Navy-OF2.svgGR-Navy-OF2-sleeve.svg GR-Navy-OF1b.svgGR-Navy-OF1b-sleeve.svg GR-Navy-OF1.svgGR-Navy-OF1-sleeve.svg GR-Navy-ΣΕΑ.svgGR-Navy-ΣΕΑ-sleeve.svg No equivalent
Admiral Vice Admiral Rear Admiral Commodore Captain Commander Lieutenant Commander Lieutenant Sub Lieutenant Ensign Officer Designate
Ναύαρχος Αντιναύαρχος Υποναύαρχος Αρχιπλοίαρχος Πλοίαρχος Αντιπλοίαρχος Πλωτάρχης Υποπλοίαρχος Ανθυποπλοίαρχος Σημαιοφόρος Σημαιοφόρος Επίκουρος Αξιωματικός
Transliteration Navarchos Antinavarchos Yponavarchos Archiploiarchos Ploiarchos Antiploiarchos Plotarchis Ypoploiarchos Anthypoploiarchos Simaioforos Simaioforos Epikouros Axiomatikos

NCO and other ranks

NATO Code OR-9 OR-8 OR-7 OR-6 OR-5 OR-4 OR-3 OR-2 OR-1
Greece Greece
(Edit)
GR-Navy-Ανθυπασπιστής.svgGR-Navy-Ανθυπασπιστής-sleeve.svg GR-Navy-Μόνιμος Αρχικελευστής.svg GR-Navy-Αρχικελευστής ΕΜΘ.svg GR-Navy-Μόνιμος Επικελευστής.svg GR-Navy-Επικελευστής ΕΜΘ.svg GR-Navy-Μόνιμος Κελευστής.svg GR-Navy-Κελευστής ΕΜΘ.svg GR-Navy-Κελευστής ΕΠΟΠ.svg No equivalent GR-Navy-Δίοπος ΕΠΟΠ.svg
male
GR-Navy-Δίοπος ΕΠΟΠ-female.svg
female
No equivalent
GR-Navy-Ναύτης ΕΠΟΠ.svg
male
GR-Navy-Ναύτης ΕΠΟΠ-female.svg
female
Warrant Officer Master Chief Petty Officer Senior Chief Petty Officer Chief Petty Officer Leading Seaman Seaman
Ανθυπασπιστής[note 3] Αρχικελευστής Επικελευστής Κελευστής Δίοπος Ναύτης
Transliteration Anthypaspistis Archikelefstis Epikelefstis Kelefstis Diopos Naftis
Greece Greece
(Conscripts)
GR-Navy-ΣΕΑ.svgGR-Navy-ΣΕΑ-sleeve.svg No equivalent
GR-Navy-Κελευστής.svg No equivalent GR-Navy-Δίοπος.svg No equivalent
GR-Navy-Ναύτης.svg
Officer Designate
Σημαιοφόρος Επίκουρος Αξιωματικός
Conscript Petty Officer
Κελευστής
Conscript Leading Seaman
Δίοπος
Conscript Seaman
Ναύτης
Transliteration Simaioforos Epikouros Axiomatikos Kelefstis Diopos Naftis

See also

Notes

  1. ^ The Greek Warrant Officer is included in OR-9, however he is afforded the privileges of an officer, see STANAG 2116 note 14.
  2. ^ a b Greece has only one level of Warrant Officer. According to the current issue (2010) of STANAG 2116, the Greek Warrant Officers are included in OR-9, however they are afforded the privileges of an officer. See STANAG 2116 note 30.
  3. ^ Greece has only one level of warrant officer. According to the current issue (2010) of STANAG 2116, the Greek warrant officers are included in OR-9; however, they are afforded the privileges of an officer. See STANAG 2116 note 16.

External links