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Grand Central station (IRT elevated)

 Grand Central
 
Former New York City Subway station
Grand Central Terminal 01.jpg
42nd St. elevated station (bottom right)
Station statistics
AddressEast 42nd Street between Park Avenue and Lexington Avenue
New York, NY 10017
BoroughManhattan
LocaleMidtown Manhattan
Coordinates40°45′6.88″N 73°58′37.89″W / 40.7519111°N 73.9771917°W / 40.7519111; -73.9771917
DivisionA (IRT)
ServicesIRT Grand Central Terminal Shuttle
StructureElevated
Platforms2 side platforms
1 island platform
Spanish solution
Tracks2
Other information
OpenedAugust 26, 1878; 141 years ago (August 26, 1878)
ClosedDecember 6, 1923; 95 years ago (December 6, 1923)
Station succession
Next north(Terminus)
Next south42nd Street

Grand Central was the terminal for some trains of the IRT Third Avenue Line, also known as the Third Avenue El. This station had two tracks and one island platform and two side platforms, all connected at the west end. The tracks ended just east of the Park Avenue Viaduct ramp over Pershing Square.[1]

It opened August 26, 1878,[2] and served not only Grand Central Terminal but also its two predecessors, Grand Central Station (1899-1913) and Grand Central Depot (1871-1899). When the El opened north of 42nd Street in September 1878, this segment was reduced to a shuttle, which connected to the mainline at the 42nd Street station, at Third Avenue.

In 1904, the Interborough Rapid Transit Company opened the Grand Central station as part of the its first subway line.[3] Platforms for the IRT Flushing Line opened in 1915,[4] followed by those for the IRT Lexington Avenue Line in 1918;[5] after the Lexington Avenue Line platforms opened, the original platforms at the station were converted for use by the 42nd Street Shuttle.[6] By this time, the El station had become obsolete and it was closed on December 6, 1923.[7]

References

  1. ^ Grand Central "Depot" - 1919 by Irving Underhill at the Museum of the City of New York
  2. ^ "RAPID TRANSIT ON THE BOWERY.; OPENING OF THE EAST SIDE ELEVATED RAILROAD TO-DAY TIME-TABLE AND FARES". The New York Times. August 26, 1878. Retrieved December 28, 2018.
  3. ^ "Our Subway Open, 150,000 Try It — Mayor McClellan Runs the First Official Train — Big Crowds Ride At Night — Average of 25,000 an Hour from 7 P.M. Till Past Midnight — Exercises in the City Hall — William Barclay Parsons, John B. McDonald, August Belmont, Alexander E. Orr, and John Starin Speak — Dinner at Night". New York Times. October 28, 1904. p. 1. Retrieved November 6, 2016.
  4. ^ "Steinway Tunnel Will Open Today; Officials Will Attend Ceremony in the Long Island City Station at 11 A.M. First Public Train At Noon Public Service Commission Renames the Under-River Route the Queensboro Subway". The New York Times. June 22, 1915. Retrieved April 14, 2018.
  5. ^ "Lexington Av. Line To Be Opened Today; Subway Service to East Side of Harlem and the Bronx Expected to Relieve Congestion. Begins With Local Trains Running of Express Trains to Await Opening of Seventh AvenueLine of H System". The New York Times. July 17, 1918. Retrieved April 14, 2018.
  6. ^ "Shuttle Service In Operation". pudl.princeton.edu. Interborough Rapid Transit Company. September 27, 1918. Retrieved September 19, 2016.
  7. ^ "42D ST. ELEVATED STOPS.; Service on Spur to Grand Central Discontinued Last Midnight". The New York Times. December 7, 1923. Retrieved December 28, 2018.

External links