|Leader||Omar Said Ali|
|Split from||Patriotic Union of Kurdistan|
|Headquarters||Sulaymaniyah, Iraqi Kurdistan|
|Political position||Centre to centre-left|
|Council of Representatives of Iraq|
5 / 329
12 / 111
|This article is part of a series on the|
politics and government of
The Gorran Movement (literally: Movement for Change) (Kurdish: Bizûtinewey Gorran / بزووتنەوەی گۆڕان) or just Gorran (Change) is a Kurdish people political party in Iraq under the leadership of Omar Said Ali, founded in 2009 by Nawshirwan Mustafa. Gorran is the third largest political party by votes in Iraqi Kurdistan, after the Kurdistan Democratic Party and the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan.
According to the BBC Gorran had "already shaken the political landscape in Kurdish areas" in March 2010. Support for the Movement for Change "stems from the simple fact that it is the new, dynamic, fresh option in Kurdistan" and its "calls for an end to monopoly control of power". One of Gorran's main objectives is to "uproot rampant corruption". The party is particularly popular with the youth of Kurdistan and campaigns against patronage. It consists of a mix of (former) PUK/KDP members, Peshmerga, and academics. Gorran supporters have often faced "violent intimidation". Gorran have stated in The Economist that "the KDP and PUK have done a poor job of promoting the Kurds’ interests at the federal parliament in Baghdad". The party in the 2009 and 2010 elections "won in the city and the province of Sulaimaniyah".
The Change List won a total of 25 seats in the July 2009 elections, making it the second-most successful list in the election after the Kurdistani List. The party viewed the election results as a huge victory. The movement's platform for the 2009 election was to de-politicise the regional government, strengthen the judiciary, limit political interference in the economy and make the budget more transparent. Supporting federalism for Iraq, it said disputes with the central government could be solved through dialogue based on the Iraqi Constitution. Considered to be the main opposition to Kurdistan List, particularly in areas dominated by the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan. The campaign focused on addressing what it sees as corruption undertaken by the Kurdistan Democratic Party and Patriotic Union of Kurdistan. It managed to win eight seats.
In 2011 the party called for the resignation of the Cabinet and the disbanding of the Kurdistan Regional Government during the protests in Kurdistan that followed the 2011 Egyptian protests. This was accompanied by protests against the Kurdistan Regional Government and the Kurdistan Democratic Party. Some[who?] have criticized the party for causing unnecessary unrest, arguing that there is no need for the Kurdish government to step down. Amnesty International and the Human Rights Watch have urged protests to be allowed. February 17, 2011, Human Rights Watch reported security guards firing on protesters in Sulaimaniya, killing at least one person and wounding more than 33 others after the crowd threw rocks at the political headquarters of the KDP. Since there were shootings which led to deaths, Amnesty International and Human Rights Watch called for an independent investigation into the killings.
Under the new leadership of Omar Said Ali, Gorran failed to present a lasting challenge to the KDP-PUK duopoly and the movement's popularity has been declining. As a result Gorran suffered a harsh blow winning only 12 seats in the 2018 Kurdistan parliamentary election and only 5 seats in the 2018 Iraqi parliamentary election. The total number of votes for Gorran has shrunk by 60 percent since previous elections and Gorran has lost a significant number of followers and prominent members. Gorran officials are also concerned to an extent about the future of the party, saying it “faces a deadly failure” and has been dogged with infighting. Gorran leadership was criticised for their handling of the referendum, as they had initially opposed the timing of the referendum but eventually supported holding it in September 2017 amid intense political pressure. New Generation, a movement founded by Shaswar Abdulwahid, has taken in Gorran defectors, New Generation has been described as stepping forward as Gorran has fallen back.
The biggest crisis facing Gorran and the source of many of its recent failings and resulting loss of popularity is the ongoing dispute over the parties assets worth hundreds of millions of dollars and include shares in several ongoing projects, including Gasin cement company and metro supermarket as well as 305,000 square meters of land property including the Gorran party headquarters which were secretly seized by Nawshirwan Mustafa's two sons after his death during the funeral while party supporters were in mourning. The brothers’ ownership of the property is seen by many in a negative light and drew allegations of hypocrisy and nepotism, one of the things Gorran was established against. The decision caused a public and political backlash when it was exposed in the independent newspaper Awena, and a growing number of middle- and high-ranking officials as well as grass-roots supporters are adding their voices to the uproar within the party. Mariwan Kanie, a former supporter of the party, has said their claims have damaged the principles of the party and this issue could lead to a disaster which will bring Gorran to its political end.
As a result of Gorran's political direction and subsequent failings after the death of Nawshirwan Mustafa, the party is now split between two main rival factions. The first faction is responsible for all decisions post-19 May 2017 and is seen as wanting to turn Gorran into a family-based party led by Omar Said Ali, Mustafa Said Qadir, Mohammad Tofiq Rahim and Nawshirwan's two sons. The second faction rejects Gorran becoming a family-based party and is led by Othman Haji Mahmud, Qadir Hagi Ali, Aram Ahmad and Abdulay Mala Nuri.
The national assembly's (Jivat) role is policy. It consists of leaders of Gorran blocs in Iraqi and Kurdish parliaments, coordinators of Gorran departments, district officials and representatives who were successful in Gorran's internal elections.
The general assembly's (Jivat) role is advisory. It consists of former Gorran leaders who have held office and are now retired.