Gopalganj, Bihar

For other uses, see Gopalganj (disambiguation).
गोपालगंज
Gopalganj
Town
गोपालगंज is located in Bihar
गोपालगंज
गोपालगंज
Location in Bihar, India
Coordinates: 26°28′N 84°26′E / 26.47°N 84.43°E / 26.47; 84.43
Country  India
State Bihar
District Gopalganj
Elevation 66 m (217 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 2,562,012
Languages
 • Official Bhojpuri, Hindi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 841428
Lok Sabha constituency Gopalganj
Vidhan Sabha constituency Gopalganj
Website [www.gopalganj.bih.nic.in]

Gopalganj is a town, municipality and headquarters of Gopalganj district in the Indian state of Bihar. Modern District of Gopalganj was established on October 2, 1973. Earlier it was Gopalganj sub-division of Chhapra district.

Gopalganj District comes into existence on 2nd October’1973. Earlier it was a part of old Saran District and has closed linked with the history of parent’s district. Earlier it was a Sub – Division of Saran District. The District of Gopalganj is located on the West –North corner of the Bihar State. Between 83.54° - 85.56° latitude and 26.12° - 26.39°North Attitude. It is bounded on East by Champaran and river Gandak on the South by Siwan District and on the North West Deoria District of Uttar Pradesh. The river Gandak supported by tributaries like Jharahi, Khanwa, Daha, Dhanahi etc give a big status of river. Due to this land of District is fertile and alluvial because of this river the District is good in cultivation and irrigation. The river imparts prosperity to the people to play and important role in making the District significant and unique. River Gandak by depositing the top quality of soil bringing from the Nepal, place and important role in the economy of the District.

History

Gopalganj was part of erstwhile Saran district which encompassed Chhapra, Siwan and Gopalganj.

Historians establish on the basis of analysis of evidences that this place was underthe king of Videh during Vaidic age. During the Aryan period a schedule tribe Vaman King Chero roled the place. The rulers of that time were found of making temple and other religious supports. It is one of the reasons that there are so many temples and others religious places are within the reason. Some significant temples and religious supports within the district are Durga’s temple of Thawe, fort of Manjha, Vaman Gandey Pond of Dighwa Dubauli, Fort of King Malkhan of Sirisia, Kuchaykot etc. People of Gopalganj where always in the lime light either it be thestruggle for freedom. Including J. P. movement and movements for women education and movement against non payment of tax and prohibition of 1930. Under the leadership of Babu Ganga Vishnu Rai and Babu Sunder Lal of Bankatta. In 1935 Pandit Bhopal Pandey gave his life for the freedom of the country.

People of Gopalganj are indebted to the freedom fighters to who gave there lives for motherland. During Mahabharat age this region was under the King Bhuri Sarwa. During 13th Century and 16th Century the place was ruled by Sultan of Bengal Gayasuddin Abbas and Babar.

18th century

In the 18th century, it was ruled/governedd by Hathwa Raj, which encompassed 1,365 villages. Under the British rule it was a part of Bengal province till the early 19th century.

19th century

In the 19th century with partition of Bengal in 1905. After partition it fell under the newly created Bengal which consisted of present-day Orissa and Bihar. It was part of saran district till 1973. On 2 October 1973, Saran District was partitioned to give birth to three districts Chappra, Siwan and Gopalganj.

Geography

Gopalganj district covers 2,033 square kilometres (785 sq mi) in area and ranks as the 26th largest district in the state of Bihar. The district is mostly plains and fertile land. In the district's western part, the Gandak river flows southwards. It is located at 26°28′N 84°26′E / 26.47°N 84.43°E / 26.47; 84.43, [1] at an average elevation of 66 metres (217 ft). Gopalganj district is in the northwest of Bihar state and is adjacent to the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh (to the west, Deoria district, and northwest, Kushinagar district), and, within Bihar state, is adjacent to West Champaran district to the north—the place where Mahatma Gandhi started his revolution for independence, the Satyagrah AndolanEast Champaran district to the east, Chhapra district to the southeast, and Siwan district to the south. The district is adjacent to Valmiki National Park. The Hindu shrine to the goddess Durga, at Thawe, is located in this district.

Climate

In general, Gopalganj is linked with humid subtropical climate zone but it doesn't experience snowfall and violent storms in winter(October to February). It experiences long summer from month of April till September with peak reaching in the month of June–July experiencing dust-storms,thunder-storms and dust raising winds, Winter from October till February with lowest in from Mid-December to Mid-January. It primarily receives rainfall in the month of June to September from approaching monsoon and then till November with retreating monsoon.

Temperature

Gopalganj falls within the zone of normal temperature. Normally temperature of the district varies between 10°c. - 30°c. in Winter and 30°c. - 40°c. in Summer.

Rainfall

Gopalganj is situated in the region of good rain fall. Manson touches the district normally in the second half of June and showers the district up to September. Good rain falls are the main reason for development of agriculture and vegetation. The average rain fall in the district is 1009 mm.

Soil

Soil found in the district mainly Clay Soil, Sandy Soil and Alluvial Soil Gangatic Soil.For agriculture and vegetation. This type of Soil is useful and important.

Fauna

Animals widely found in the district are Cows, Buffaloes, Horses, Sheep, Goats and Pigs. These animals play an important role in the life of farmers. Some small wild animals like Nil Gay, Rabbits, Sahil, Jackals, Fox and Peacock are in the area within the district. Some times Deers, Elephants and Leopards and also seen within the district.

Irrigation

Planned irrigational facilities within the district are not sufficient. There are mainly two sources of irrigation systems. One is Gandak Canal and others is government tube well. Gandak Canal has two Divisions one is the Saran Canal Division Gopalganj and second is the Saran Canal Division Bhorey. The total net irrigated areas is 98,352.64 hqr these two irrigational systems coverless than 45% of the total cultivable land area of district. Farmers depend either upon Manson or private irrigational system i.e. Hand pump, Boring, Lift irrigation. Local waters storage or on Ponds for irrigation of there fields.

Flora

Gopalganj falls under greenbelt areas. Roughly all types of trees and plants are found in the district namely Babbul, Neem, Shisham, Mango, Sagwan, Katahal, Sal, Shakhuwa, Peepal, Bargad etc.

Unfortunately the people of Gopalganj due to lake of awareness are cutting trees without carrying for its bad impacts. Awareness about the ecological balance must be spread amount the general people specially the children.

Crops

All types of food grains and crops are found in this region as Wheat, Paddy, Grams, Arahar, Maize, Sarso, Tishi, Potato, Sugar Cane etc. But Wheat, Paddy and Maize are the main crop of the district Gopalganj is also known for production of Green Vegetables, Fish, Sugar Cane, Milk and Milk products.

Major Rivers

Gandak and Daha

Demographics

As of 2011 India census,[2] Gopalganj had a population of 25,62,012. Males constitute 49.48% of the population and females 50.52%. Gopalganj has an average literacy rate of 63%, higher than the national average of 59.5%. The male literacy is 70% and female literacy is 55%.

Population Persons Males Females
Total 2562012 1267666 1294346
In the age group 0-6 years 449530 230014 219516
Scheduled Castes (SC) 320064 159265 160799
Scheduled Tribes (ST) 60807 29833 30974
Literates 1382998 793905 589093
Illiterate 1179014 473761 705253
Total Worker 728201 539586 188615
Main Worker 363111 300336 62775
Main Worker - Cultivator 138969 120197 18772
Main Worker - Agricultural Labourers 108576 84113 24463
Main Worker - Household Industries 12455 9186 3269
Main Worker - Other 103111 86840 16271
Marginal Worker 365090 239250 125840
Marginal Worker - Cultivator 69990 46553 23437
Marginal Worker - Agriculture Labourers 230090 145901 84189
Marginal Worker - Household Industries 13594 8517 5077
Marginal Workers - Other 51416 38279 13137
Marginal Worker (3-6 Months) 284214 192706 91508
Marginal Worker - Cultivator (3-6 Months) 52665 36153 16512
Marginal Worker - Agriculture Labourers (3-6 Months) 178588 117620 60968
Marginal Worker - Household Industries (3-6 Months) 10101 6532 3569
Marginal Worker - Other (3-6 Months) 42860 32401 10459
Marginal Worker (0-3 Months) 80876 46544 34332
Marginal Worker - Cultivator (0-3 Months) 17325 10400 6925
Marginal Worker - Agriculture Labourers (0-3 Months) 51502 28281 23221
Marginal Worker - Household Industries (0-3 Months) 3493 1985 1508
Marginal Worker - Other Workers (0-3 Months) 8556 5878 2678
Total Urban Population
Total Rural population
 % of Scheduled Castes
 % of Scheduled tribes

Villages

Total Villeages 1566
Inhabited 1397
Uninhabited 169
Panchayats 234
Sub-Divisions 02
Blocks 14
Revenue Circles 14
Halkas 101
Police Stations 18
Police Out Posts 04
Town 04
Nagar Parishad(Gopalganj) 01
Nagar Panchayats 03 (Barauli, Mirganj, Kateya)
M.P. Constituency 1
M.L.A. Constituency 6

Literacy Rate

Total 47.50%
Males 63%
Females 32.20%

Sex Ratio

(females/1000 males)
1,015

Economy

It is one of the largest sugarcane producer. It also produces the best tobaccos in the country. It has Gopalganj, SasaMusha, Sidhwalia, Hatua as the Industrial Centres in the District.

Industries Sugar industries, vegetable oil, irrigation, etc.
Industrial centres Gopalganj,SasaMusha,Sidhwalia,Hatua.
Main markets Gopalganj, Mirganj
Main banking centres Punjab National Bank,Canara bank,Allahabad bank,Kshtriya Gramin Bank,Co-operative bank Main bank: State Bank of India (Gopalganj)
Nationalized Banks 7
Co-operative Banks 2
ATM Facilities
  1. State Bank of India
  2. Canara Bank
  3. Punjab National Bank
  4. Bank of India
  5. ICICI Bank

Medical Facilities

The District has 1 District Hospital, 3 Referral Hospital, 8 Primary Health Centers and 23 Additional Primary Health Centers to center the basic health needs for the district. Some times district is face drought like condition. The irrigational facilities are not sufficient. This causes the farmers to face the drought like condition

District Hospitals 1
Referral Hospitals 3
Primary Health Centers 14
Additional Primary Health Centers 22
Health Sub Centre -
Gramin Ausadhalay 9
AIDS Control Society -
Trained Nurses -
Trained Doctors -
Blood Banks 1

Education

There are 835 Primary, 323 Middle and 51 High Schools. One Teachers Training College, One Government Polytechnic, One Homeopathic College, One ITI, Mirganj, One Sainik School, Hathua, One Central School, 4 Cons College etc. are situated in the district.

Transportation and Communication

Post and telegraph services 41 post offices, 11 telegraph offices
State highways passing through the district and road services Major national and state highways pass through the district. The national highway NH28 that pass through Gopalganj (68Km)
Important railway stations and railway services Gopalganj is connected to railway. Thawe is a big junction in Gopalganj district having connected to Siwan Jn., Chapara Jn., Gorakhpur Jn., Lucknow, Mumbai, New Delhi, Kolkata, Nagpur, Allahabad and Chennai etc.

Culture and Religion

Fairs and Festivals

All festivals like Durga – Pooja, Deepawali, Janamashtami, Kali Pooja, Sarswati Pooja, Nag Panchemi, Chhath Pooja, Shiv Ratri, Id, Bakarid, and Mohharam are celebrated with great religious enthusiasm spirit and harmony

Languages

Bhojpuri is the local language. People speak in Hindi also.

Food

The staple food of the people is wheat, Litti and rice.

Religious Places

Maa Thawe Wali Mandir

The Maa Thawe Wali Durga Mandir is the oldest temple. The Temple of "Maa Thawewali" is situated in “Thawe”, in Gopalganj District in the State of Bihar, INDIA. This is only 6 K.M. from Gopalganj town on the Gopalganj-Siwan National Highway.[3]

Story

This holy story pertains to about 14th century AD. King ‘Manan Singh’ from ‘Chero’ dynasty was ruler of ‘Hathuwa’. Although Manan Singh was a devotee of Maa Durga but he was having a proud nature. He claimed to be the greatest devotee of Maa Durga and did not like other saints and religious persons. People were not happy with the King due to his unkind nature and behavior.[4]

The fort in which the king resided was located at present ‘Thawe’. One ‘Rahashu’ lived in the same village who was a true devotee of ‘Maa Kamakhya’. People used to call him ‘Rahashu Bhagat’ to convey their respect to him.


Once there was a great famine in the state of Hathuwa. People started to die due to hunger. There was very bad condition everywhere, but the king continued to levy tax even in that miserable condition. Poor people became sadder due to the cruel attitude of the king. They did pray to ‘Maa Kamakhya’ for relief. To relieve her devotees from their grief and pain, Maa Kamakhya appeared in midnight while sitting on seven lions and told to Rahashu Bhagat to cut ‘Katara’ (grass) and to worship her in midnight. Rahashu Bhagat used to cut ‘Katara’ (grass) whole day and yielded it in midenight by seven lions of Maa Kamakhya. Thus he got ‘Manasara’ (a type of holy Rice). Every morning Rahashu Bhagat distributed the Manasara among poor people. Rahashu Bhagat became very famous because he had relieved the poor people from their hunger.

When the king came to know about all these developments, he became very angry and called Rahashu Bhagat and insulted him. The king ordered Rahashu Bhagat to call Maa Kamakhya to prove his true devotion.

Rahashu Bhagat requested the king not to do so and suggested the King to pray the Maa with an honest heart but the king insisted to call Maa and threatened Rahashu Bhagat to kill in case of disobedience. At last, helpless Rahashu Bhagat started to pray Maa Kamakhya to call her. On the call from her true devotee, Maa Kamakhya started her journey sitting on seven lions from Kamrupa (Assam) where she is known as ‘Kamakhya Devi’ to Thawe.

Rahashu Bhagat again requested the King to drop his insistence but the king did not agree and forced Rahashu Bhagat to call Maa. Meanwhile Maa appeared in Vindhyachal for sometime and was called Maa ‘Vindhyavasni Devi’. In her way to Thawe Maa reached Kalighat in Calcutta and was called Maa ‘Kalka Devi’. Rahashu Bhagat again requested king to quit his wish and warned him for mass destruction but the king was not agreed.

In her way to Thawe Maa stayed at Patna for a while and was called ‘PatanDevi’. Then Maa appeared in ‘Aami’ and ‘Ghodaghat’ was called ‘AmbikaBhawanii’ and ‘Ghod Devi’ respectively.

When Maa reached ‘Thawe’ the weather and appearance of the place began to change. Due to hundreds of thunders King’s palace fell and destroyed. Everyone was feared. The devotees of Maa started to pray her to save them as they had known that Maa had reached Thawe.

After sometime, Maa appeared through broken head of Rahashu Bhagat and showed her right hand wearing a ‘Kanagan’ (Bracelet). The four handed Maa appeared sitting on the seven lions and blessed her devotees. On the pray from her true devotees, Maa made the things normal and disappeared.

Rahashu Bhagat got ‘Moksha’ (heaven). The king, his palace and all his empire came to end. The remnants of the palace may be seen even today around the temple of Maa at Thawe.

The devotee of Maa built a temple where Maa appeared. They also built a ‘Rahashu-Temple’ where Rahashu Bhagat used to pray Maa. It is said that after ‘Darshan’ (visit) of Maa Thawewali, Darshan of Rahashu-Temple is mandatory to please Maa.

Maa is also called ‘Singhasini Bhawani’. Maa Thawewali is very kind and generous to her devotees and fulfills all their wishes.

“Jai Maa Thawewali”

Rahashu Bhagat Mandir

Rahashu Bhagat Mandir is ~0.5 km from Maa Thawe Wali Durga Mandir. Rahashu was a true devotee of ‘Maa Kamakhya’. People used to call him ‘Rahashu Bhagat’ to convey their respect to him.

Bagh Dawari Mandir

Once there was a great famine in the state of Hathuwa. People started to die due to hunger. There was very bad condition everywhere, but the king continued to levy tax even in that miserable condition. Poor people became sadder due to the cruel attitude of the king. They did pray to ‘Maa Kamakhya’ for relief. To relieve her devotees from their grief and pain, Maa Kamakhya appeared in midnight while sitting on seven lions and told to Rahashu Bhagat to cut ‘Katara’ (grass) and to worship her in midnight. Rahashu Bhagat used to cut ‘Katara’ (grass) whole day and yielded it in midenight by seven lions of Maa Kamakhya. Thus he got ‘Manasara’ (a type of holy Rice). Every morning Rahashu Bhagat distributed the Manasara among poor people. Rahashu Bhagat became very famous because he had relieved the poor people from their hunger.

Shri Pitambara Peeth (Bagalamukhi)

Shri Pitambara Peeth is one of the most famous Shakti Peetha of Baglamukhi, which was established by Maharishi Swami Shree Shivananda Paramhans in the 2007 at Kuchaikote, Gopalganj, Bihar.[5]


Shri Pitambara Peeth (Bagalamukhi Temple), the founder of this Holiness temple is Maharishi Swami Shree Shivananda Paramhans; He was born in simple but well cultured Brahamn family who always worship to Maa Pitambara Peeth. The underlay of Maa Pitambra Peeth was on March 2007.The Temple is located 10 KMS, from Naya Tola Kuchaikote, NH-28, Gopalganj, Bihar from my birth place. This Temple is situated at Kuchaikote from 1 KM form Town areas. The Foundation of this big Temple is under the supervision of Mr. Murli Dhar Ray (Ex-District Magistrate of Gopalganj District) and Dr. Koshalya Singh the Temple has been fully constructed within five years. And this Temple was constructed for giving peace to whole Nation

Other Temples

It is also famous for Durga & Sai Baba of Shirdi Mandir. This temple is located on Jadopur Road.

The Prachin Augadh Dani Mandir is in Mirganj, situated in front of post office.

Native people

Gopalganj is the birthplace of three Chief Ministers of Bihar: the infamous politician and former Railway Minister of India Lalu Prasad Yadav, his wife Rabri Devi, and Abdul Ghafoor, the only Muslim chief minister of Bihar till date.

It is also the birthplace of one of the first female governors of India, Ram Dulari Sinha. Gopalganj is also famous for producing large number of IAS and IPS officers. it is also the birth place of Gaurav Rai (Murari Babu)of Dharampur.

Getting There

Air

Nearest airport is at Sabeya(Hathua)(30 kms.). Gopalganj is reachable from Capital Airport Patna Airport (170 km).

Rail

Connected by Rail, with a station at Gopalganj (important broad gauge route and a narrow gauge line).

Road

State highways and roads link district headquarters at Gopalganj to all 14 blocks. National Highway (NH-24 and NH-85) passes through Gopalganj.

References

See also